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It is the purpose of the Works Progress Administration 
to give regular work and wages to the responsible, employable mem- 
ber of each family previously on relief. In the majority of cases, 
this is the father, but in hundreds of other cases it is a v/oman 
who has "first priority" for W.P»A, employment. 

There was a problem therein for the administration. It 
was necessary to set up work of a sort to v/hich women were adaptable 
the work must not be seasonal in nature (preserving and canning 
vegetables and fruits, for example, would have been at a standstill 
soon after the first frosts); the work should, preferably, require 
groups of women workers, and above all the work had to supply a 
real need in the communities where the women workers were available. 

These requirements might very well have been localized 
as so many afflictions for the administration. The solution of 
the problem of group employment for women was gained by direct 
attack with the needle. 

W.PoAo sewing projects in solving the unemployment 
problem for numerous women is solving at the same time the allied 
problems of welfare departments which must provide clothing , 
bedding, and other household necessities for families on their 

Sewing projects are set up much like any other work 
project in which there is a cooperating sponsor. A town, as spon- 
sor, determines the amount of work to be done, and the number of 
women who are eligible for W.P.A, jobs to do that work, A center 
is established (a large room in one of the municipal buildings, 
for example) and materials are provided from government stores as 
well as by the sponsor. 

The point of contact between the W.P,A. and the town's 
sev/ing workers is the project supervisor who may be either an em- 
ployee of the town or an administration worker. Larger sewing 
projects require timekeepers, but the status of the workers is 
invariable: as W.P.A. employees they are paid from $60. ?0 a month 
up, according to the skill required, for a working month of 120 

Established on this basis these sewing projects have 
snapped the threads of a tangled depression web which had caused 
tie-ups in the normal functions of several social agencies. 

First, idle space was used to house the units and 
machines were reconditioned fnr service. Discarded materials 
were re-fashioned, and new goods came through Federal channels 
from the textile industries. These materials were stored in a 
Connecticut warehouse, prorated among the projects, according to 
the number of women employed nn each, and transported to the pro- 
jects by the sponsors as needed. 

Above : Examples of work done by 
women on W.P.A. sewing projects; 
part of an exhibit recently held 
at New Haven. 

Left: Section of a typical project 
In ope rat ion; Town Hall,Walllngford. 

The actual need is determined "by each town's own welfare 
agency. These agencies SEUst still care for -unemployed persons and 
their families and rcaiBt in some eases supply supplementary aid, gen- 
erally to large families,, They determine what ia actually needed 
in the line of sewing productions The work is practically done to 
order, and the product distributed to the needy. 

As long as ther® is need for such supplies, it can "be in- 
telligently met in this fashion. There is no longer any excuse for 
the state of mind of an historic overseer of charity who believed 
that a ragged border of rod flannel petticoat was a cheerful, color- 
f\il ornament to the costumes of his charges. 


Ragged edges are not being shown this season by W. P. A. sew- 
ing workers. In fact, one feature of this work which never fails 
agreeably to amaze the visitor of sewing projects is the excellence 
of the work turned out. Many women are experienced seamstresses; 
the example of these is quick to show itself in the work of others. 
From layettes and sets of curtains to patchwork quilts and a man's 
complete wardrobe, the nimble needles cover a wide field. 

Their new materials come from New England mills and those 
of the Carolinas : cotton, broadcloth, gingham and chambray; percale, 
bird's eye, twills and denim; bales of huck toweling for face and 
hands, and terry toweling for bath. On these materials, and in 
making overworn clothing, 1,067 women are working in the thirty- 
five W.P.A. sewing projects operating in Connecticut. 

There is ingenious use made of scraps and fragments. At 
the exhibit of project sewing work held in New Haven, the effects of 
this conservation and skill were shown. A rag rug had been worked 
from the strips of outing flannel, left over from cloth cut for 
pajamas. A boy's coat and knickers were made from a pair of long 
trousers in which the seat had been worn through. An Oliver Twist 
suit of gray flannel bore the informative legend: "Made from the 
trousers of the First Selectman". Patchwork quilts, too, showed 
how scraps might be saved from the furnace and put to use. 

The great benefit of such work to women who through these 
projects are becoming expert dressmakers Is indicated in an article 
in The Waterbury Republican of February 2nd, In comjnenting on that 
city's o^yra project, the Republican s aid of the garments produced: 

"They were outstanding because of their up-to-date 
cut and excellent workmanship. There is nothing 
.institutional in their appearance, nothing to in- 
dicate that thoy were not bought in any good shop." 

Such is a fair sample of the work done by any single WPA 
sewing project, the materials it uses, and the range of its finished 
products. Connecticut's work in this field is a part of the 6,000 
of such projects operating in the United States which have to date 
made 12,000,000 garments for families on reliefs 

Such work as these and other projects for women under 
the W.P.A, mark a definite goal in American social history in the 
opinion of Mrs, Ellen S, Woodward, assistant Federal administrator 
in charge of women's activities, 

"Equal pay for equal work prevsils on these projects", 
Mrs. Woodward said when speaking of the first New York City sewing 
project, as reported in the New York Herald Tribune of February 4th„ 
"This is the first time in our history that any administration has 
recognized women in full equality with men. In the Works Progress 
Administration women share equal pay, equal importance of their pro- 
jects, and equal attention to their interests from the President 'and 
from Mr. Hopkins and his staff." 

• - 3 - 

Along with all the other business houses which went dark 
•under the depression cloud, "unemployed resources and unemployed 
men" described a situation which existed for theatre workers of 
rank, file, back-stage and aisle. Since the W.P.A. program has 
been founded on a basis of employing persons in their own fields 
whenever possible, the number of unemployed professional actors 
in the United States was a condition which received special study. 

The means of providing work relief for" actors and allied 
workers was Federal Project #1 of the W.P.A. This several-sided 
project is of a technical nature determined by the professional 
fields in v;hich it functions. There are general regulations 

National Premiere of V/.P.A. Drama- A Scene from "Men Must Fight" 

governing theatre projects as there are in construction, education, 
or any other classification of W.P.A. work. Every adult theatre- 
goer knows, as he views a performance, that "there is more to this 
than meets the eye." 

So much more, in fact, that the perfection with which the 
W.P.A, actors presented their first offering in New Haven on Janu- 
ary 22nd was deserving of curtain calls for the unseen organization 
as well as the cast. 


The play was "Men Must Fight", by Reginald Lawrence and 
S. K, Laurens, and tho Lincoln Theatre saw thft curtain go up on 
a cast of high calibre which had not expected to be curtain raisers 
in another sense, namely: the first unit of V/.P.A. actors to give 
a public performance of a play in the United States. 

While Connecticut was setting the first stage, plans were 
being furthered in New York for units of actors whose touring may 
indicate how nationwide in scope is this Federal project. If 
feasible, a company will tour the southern states in a play v/hich 
revolves around the life of Jefferson Davis. 

The Important condition is always: "if feasible". This 
phase of the W.P.A. work-relief is a means for combatting unemploy- 
ment; it is not the institution of a Federal subsidized theatre. 
The latter is something for which America has made no concerted 
demand. A contrary attitude has become traditional in foreign 
countries. The spoken and the musical drama have long been sus- 
tained by national subsidies abroad; the budget for the Comedie 
Francaise , ' f or example, is an annual item for the government at 
Paris , 

Here in Connecticut, it was first decided to have two 
units presenting legitimate theatre, one in New Haven at the 
Lincoln Theatre and the other at Parson's Theatre in Hartford. 
Casting and rehearsal were important details - but by no means the 
only details. A theatre must be staffed; in the staffing of the 
Lincoln Theatre, home of "Connecticut One", there were new chances 
for employment. Through the provisions of the N«Y. A. , ushers were 
supplied. The cast of "Connecticut One" at last settled down for a 
two week's run of its - and America's - first W. P. A. -produced play. 

And during that time, the Hartford troupe was in re- 
h<=arsal, unaware that not their performance but circumstance was 
to bring down the house at Parson's. "Connecticut Two" was to 
have opened at the Capitol City's famous old playhouse in "Barbara 
Frletchie". There was nothing of the melodramatic tradition about 
the manner in which the holders of the first mortgage on Parson's 
Theatre decided that rentals would scarcely meet bills for obliga- 
tory repairs and so the building was reserved for the wrecking 

Such off-stage difficulties are being valiantly com- 
batted; if the v^heel of work-relief to which the theatre workers 
have put their shoulders is not traversing a simple, easy road the 
productions themselves deserve an even more enthusiastic "Bravol" 

The playbill has not been left blank by the close of 
"Men Must Fight". "Connecticut One" has already presented its 
second drama at the Lincoln Theatre, where George M. Cohan's comedy 
"The Tavern" opened on February 5th, "Connecticut Three" may have 
Bridgeport as its base. Miss Gertrude DonDero, Director of W.P.A. 
Theatre projects for Connecticut, is interviewing Fairfield County 
actors who are eligible for this v/ork. 

- 5 - 

L. o nr-i G c t i C u t 


V O L . 1 



193 G 

N)0. 3 

Compiled by the Administrative Staff of the Works Progress 
Administration for Connecticut, State Headquarters: 125 Mun- 
son Street, New Haven, Conn. y. x. Degnen, editor. 


Men and women become wage earners on projects of the 
Works Progress Administration according to a procedure which be- 
gins with a restriction. Like every restriction, this one was 
not always understood. 

First, it must be remembered that the program of the 
W.P.A. was set up to remove employable persons from relief rolls 
throughout the nation. The previous status of such persons was 
not that of regular wage earners. In determining who v/ as to be 
given work and how the work was to be given, the administration 
received definite regulations by Executive Order. 

The first point in determining eligibility for employ- 
ment on a ^'/.P.A. project is that the worker should have been on 
public relief rolls during the period from May 1st to November 
1st J 1935. Those who left relief for seasonal jobs during that 
period werere^garded as penalized for their own initiative under 
this, ruling. Certification for V/.P.A. work was therefore extended 
to those who received relief prior to May and during November or 
December ,1935. 

The second point is that the emploj'-able person receiv- 
ing the W.P.A. job for 120 hours' V;7ork a month at the security 
wage should be the chief support of the. f.aiaily. 

That is what is meant by "first priority". It is a 
status determined by investigating agencies outside of the juris- 
diction of the ViJ.P.A. These regulations were established with a 
ten per cent non-relief quota which allows skilled workers to be 
employed readily to permit an entire project to function without 

The result is to peg the personnel of WPA projects pre- 
ponderantly within the field of relief vyorkers. It was niore than 
a mere restriction; it was, rather, a definition of the persons 
who were to be reached by the W.P.A. program. 

It is true that relief rolls do not, and never did, 

represent the total sum of America's jobless at any time. But 

the relief rolls represented definite and acute need. The W.P.A. 

was concentrated on this problem. It was restricted so that it 

might hit this ma.rk. In every case, and in all tovms and cities 

of the State, certification of an employable person as having 

first priority for a VifoPoA. project is outside the scope of the 

administration. „ 

- o - 

The annual traffic report of New Haven Municipal Airport 
shows that a total of 1,563 airplanes used that landing* field dur- 
ing 1935, Transient and tei*minal passengers totaled 5,481 during 
that period. One may gather from this volume of business the grow- 
ing Importance of this civic undertaking bom of the skyway. 

It is a foregone conclusion that air commerce, and con- 
sequently airports, are to play an increasingly important role in 
the everyday affairs of the next quarter-century. An investment 
of present labor in Such lindertakings as the improvement of 

Meriden 'Airport : W.P.A. Workmen Constructing a Drainage Ditch. 

Connecticut's municipal airports is obviously a sound investment. 
It is with such realization that the Works Progress Administration 
is at present employing 1,489 workers on four projects to improve 
State and municipal airports here in Connecticut. 

First work got underway early in November when the en- 
largement of Trumbull Airport at Groton was begixn. Here at the 
State's landing field, the job calls for extension of three land- 
ing strips so that the facilities available for planes will in- 
clude adequate space for take-offs and landings along the cardinal 
points of the compass and in a line running northwest-southeast as 


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This classification of the W.P.A. v/ork In Connecticut 
Is mider the direction of Lieutenant Charles A, Nott, 43d Division, 
Aviation, CKG. , as airport engineer. Lieutenant Nott is a member 
of the pioneer air unit of this State which was founded in 19 25 
when the 118th OlDservation Squadron was established at Bralnard 
Field/ Hartford^ under the provisions of the National Defense Act 
of 1921. Summer manoeuvres of these planes which carry the in- 
signia of the "Plying Yankee" are held with the Groton field as 
their base. 

In addition to grading at Bralnard Field, another W.P.A. 
project supplies the Hartford airdrome with air marking signs and 
beacon towers. In Meriden too, there is a project underway where- 
by the landing strips are extended and grading is provided. 

The part played by the W.P.A. in thi 
port improvements begets special provisions fo 
example, it is a commission of the ¥/'.P.A. safe 
emphasize problems of workers' movements pecul 
field. A runway, if it must be crossed at all 
by .a group of workers en masse. Instructions 
workers to skirt the field Instead of traversi 
and to concentrate and remain in a motionless 
of a plane. Vifarnings are also Issued against 
of a propeller in action, and it Is a matter o 
which might prove obstructions are to be safel 
landing areas ~ anything to the contrary is hi 
cordingly to be condemned from the hangar tops 

s program for air- 
r safety work. For 
ty inspectors to 
iar to a landing 
, must be crossed 
are given for 
ng landing areas, 
group at the approach 
facing the air blast 
f course that machines 
y removed from the 
gh treason and ac- 

In some cases these airport projects have been an excel- 
lent answer to the "W.P.A. question of work centers for groups of 
mien on smaller construction jobs in between the closing of one pro- 
ject and the opening of another. In this respect they are viewed 
as "reservoir" projects to which additions of labor may be made so 
that m.en may work without a lay-off. The status of the workers 
regularly assigned to an airport is not affected by the "reservoir" 
capacity of 'the project. 


Two work projects of the National YoutJa Administration 
which have evoked exceptional interest are those which started in 
December at the New Haven Bureau of Plant Quarantine, U.S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. 

The first to be set up employed fourteen youths in the 
cereal and forage division as part of the work being done to combat 
the destruction of crops by the European corn borer. The laboratory 
work, which is supervised by Dr. C. H. Batchelder, associate ento- 
mologist in charge at the Hillhouse Avenue station, will ultimately 
be of value in the developm^ent of insecticides. 

At present the work done by the young N.Y.A. employes 
starts with the corn stalks which are carted into the experimental 
station from Connecticut fields which are under survey. "The young 
men crack open one corn stalk after another - and each stalk is 
generally found to have as tenants a hibernating family of the 
squirming borers « 

These larvae are extracted from the husks and tossed 
into a small v/ooden chute which ends over an artificial "cell" of 
cardboard, (These "cells" are somewhat like a honeycomb, and about 
half the size of a mason brick) . 

While some of the youths are collecting borers, their 
colleagues arc constroicting cell blocks by cutting strips of the 
corrugated cardboard and binding them with wire. Two hundred of 
the borers are lodged in one of these cardboard cell blocks; the 
borers seem instinctively to burrow each into a cell and soon spin 
themselves snugly in. The "loaded" cell block is sealed within a 
tin container whose open sides are screened. Thus sealed, the 
cell block is placed in an insulated closet for later observation 
and experimental tests of insecticides. 

Another part of the same project employs young men as 
tabulators of reports from members of the agricultural survey in 
the field; such tabulated findings eventually reach the tables of 
N.y.A. draughtsmen who chart the areas and the extent of infection 
due to this pest which has for years been a scourge of the farmer, , 

On the same premises another N.Y.A. project is employing 
eleven young people as laboratory aides to R. C . Brown, entomologist, 
of. the Division of Forest Insects. The first stage of this work em- 
ploys the youth aides in isolating cocoons of the larch sawfly 
(Nematus ericksonii Hartig) for records of parasitism. The cocoons 
(each having about the size and appearance of a roasted coffee bean) 
are shipped to the laboratory in bulk. Taken one by one from a 
large glass jar, each cocoon is isolated in a tiny glass tube and 
sealed with cotton for incubation, 

(Conclusion on page 11) 
- 9 - 

Top left: N.y.A. aides extract borer larvae from corn husksjlarve 
are used in laboratory tests of Inseetiolde^s. 

Top right: Isolating cocoons of the larch sawfly for incubation. 
Each cocoon is sealed in a glass tuba^ 

Middle left: Detail showing how cell blocks are inade of corrugated 
cardboard. Com borers burrow into fchs cells which are 
thsn sealed in -screened cans such as the one shown. 

Middle rights Da tail showing how species of the sawfly are catalogued 
and mounted by an H.Y.A, aide^f The large specimens at up- 
per edge of picture are elm sawfliea,) 

Bottom loft: N.Y.A. worker tabulates 'f'ield reports for the Bureau of 
Plant Quarantine , 

Bottom right: Young draughtsmen construct charts indicating Connecti- 
cut areas infested by the corn borer blights 


(Continued from page 9) 

The larch sawfly was discovered In America In 1881 by Hagen 
of the Harvard Arboretum. It Is believed to be of European origin 
because of its partiality to the leaves of the European larch. It 
is strong in America, possibly due to the absence of its natural 
enemies, European research began on an appreciable scale in 1906. 

Meanwhile this pest continues its attack on trees, killing 
them through defoliation. Positive results leading to the sawfly 
being checked are anticipated through this work. From the cocoons, 
larvae develop and are classified (the larvae of the sawfly vary In 
size according to food plants). At another stage of the N.Y.A. 
aides' work, the sawflies developed from larvae are classified and 
mounted for laboratory record. 



Through seven projects, the W.P.A. is providing the means 
for much needed work vi/hich has for its purpose conservation of 
Connecticut game and bird life and fisheries. 

At the Shade vSanctuary, Farmington, thirty-four en- 
closures are being constructed by five workers for birds and 
animals native to the State. Here, on the tract of over 2,000 
acres of the State Game Sanctuary, there are nature trails along 
V'/hlch natural dens and bird enclosures are being set up. A poll 
of opinion among the animals would doubtless show decided favor of 
the program as they are at present confined within sm_all cages. 
The sanctuary is visited by about one thousand persons weekly, 

A statistical project employs two persons v/ho from hunters' 
reports determine the areas in v/hich the Division of Game Manage- 
ment may put out game to best advantage. The project really is 
not as one-sided as it sounds; it does not mean that the pheasant, 
quail and grouse thus released is practically served up to the 
hunters' guns; rather, the territory selected by these means is 
such as Tirlll by its very nature give the fov\rl favorable feed and 
nesting places. 

Another project seeks to co-ordinate tv/o tasks of wild- 
life conservation and mosquito control through restoration of 
natural conditions on Goat Island, at the mouth of the Connecticut 
River. Twelve workers v;rill carry on this work which is of excep- 
tional significance in view of the fact that some mosquito control 
work has been found inimical to the natural life of water fowl. 
The success of this work will be an achievement of prime importance, 
and similar work may then be carried on along the coastal border of 

Two workers are called for to insti'uct volunteer groups in 
a fourth project to aid conservation through construction of feeding 
stations for birds and study of the control of their natural enemies 




\; 111 f.ii ^,'^ 


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Thirty-one more v/orkers are represented on three projects 
to cooperate with the State Board of Fisheries. The first plan be- 
came effective on January 6th v/hen a program of restoration of 
various types of fish to places where thejr can best obtain natural 
food was begun. The State Board, through this W.P.A. project, is 
supplied with labor to put into practise the findings of its ovm 
statistical analyses. Budget limitations would not have permitted 
the work otherwise. 

Increased water supply and sev/er line improvements are in- 
tended to correct the effects of last s"LUiimer's inordinate drought 
at the Burlington State Fish Batchery. Last suimrLer's conditions 
killed 100,000 yearling and adult trout. 

At the Kensington Hatchery, Berlin, som.ewliat similar work 
is planned. The pond 2:'equire3 deepening to carry over ti'out to 
maturity at which period they are released for the Isaak Waltons 
o f mo d e rn t im.e s . 

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When the 1/Yorks Progress Administration was first estab- 
lished, an Executive Order of President Roosevelt prescribed that 
earnings of workers on projects were t'^ be 

"on a monthly salary basis, the earnings dif- 
fering according to various regions, degree 
of urbanization, and classes of work". 

It Y'is.s this monthly salary feature which marked the V/.P.A, 
definitely apart from previous emergency work relief measures. Up 
until the institution of the W.P.A,, emergency relief had taken the 
forms of necessary commodities, rent, and funds. 

Economic conditions vary greatly within the nation and 
living expenses vary with them. The "security v/age", as the stated 
monthly payment for work was termed, could no more be arbitrarily 
set up for America than a single thermometer set in St. Louis could 
accurately register the temperatures of the entire country. This 
review of W^P.A. project wages in Connecticut will shov/ how several 
factors made the problem of v/age adjustment more complex „ 

An executive order of May 20th, 1935, specified that W,P<,A, 
monthly earnings for Connecticut should be based on the following; 

Table I'"' 

Over 50,000- 

1 00,000 100,000 

Unskilled work $55 $52 

Intermediate work 65 60 

Skilled work 85 7S 

Professional-technical 94 83 

C ommun i t y P opu 1 a t i on 

25,000- 5,000- Under 
50,000 25,000 5,000 




The maximum working time schedule for a project worker 
under the earning schedule given above was set, on May 20th, as: 
"not in excess of 8 hours per day and 40 hours per week." The wag^ 
scale originally proposed thus may be seen to have ranged from $40 
to $96 for a maximum working time of 160 hours per month. 

These scales of working time and earnings never became 
actually effective in Connecticut, The maximum of 160 hours was 
implied in the preliminary regulations; previous work-relief agen- 
cies had had lower tjjrae reqixirements . Tlie first working schedules 
were dravm up to require a maximum of 140 hours in one month. 

-;:- This table of wage rates (Executive Order #7046) was effective for 
all New England states, New Jersey, Mew York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, 
Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin, Arizona, California, 
Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Wash- 
ington, Wyoming. 

- 1 - 

And before the first W.P.A, project had gotten underway 
in Connecticut^ the New York City W.P.A, was confronted by an im- 
passe with organized labor. The unions there presented a case 
for wage readjustments favorable to project workers in metropol- 
itan centers. The highest of living prices argued on that side in 
industrial centers generallyi in addition, it was feared that the 
maximum monthly wage of $55 for labor would unintentionally tend 
to drive down labor wages. 

On September 1st the matter was settled by 10;^ adjust- 
ments in earnings and hours in New York. The wage for unskilled 
workers was thereby raised from $55 to $60.50 for a v;orking month 
of 120 hours , 

By the time that W«P,Ae projects began to operate in 
Connecticut, the 140 hour working month had been adopted, and the 
amounts of the monthly wage corresponded to those given in Table I. 
There was an application of Table I to Connecticut counties; scales 
for the four northern counties will serve to illustrate: 

Table II 


)lland and 


Litchf ie 

























IVhen these rates were proposed, there were discrepancies 
which were most obvious betv/een the tangent towns that lay in 
different counties. Some adjoining towns shared almost identical 
living conditions, but differed by $11 a month in wage rates. In 
one case, the county line cut across a street, and the difference 
in wages was reduced to an absurdity. 

It was clear that if counties were the units by which 
blanket v;age scales were determined, then fair rates cound never 
be established. 

At the same time, a minimum rate of $55 was attacked 
from two sources: on the one hand it was asserted in rural sec- 
tions that farm labor would be attracted by that figure; on the 
other hand, that rate vi/as adjudged too low for unskilled labor in 
the cities. 

Connecticut follovi/ed New York City's example. The first 
step towards an equitable readjustment of wage scales was made by 
the administrator as provided for in the Executive Order regulat- 
ing wages ; . ' 

- 2 - 

"in order to allow for these and other adjustments, the 
Works Progress Administrator or his representative may adjust the 
rate of earnings for any class of work in a locality by not more 
than 10 per cent, from the monthly earnings shown in the foregoing 
schedule" (namely. Table I). 

Accordingly, on October 18th, revisions of 10/^ were made 
to raise rates of pay as follows: 

Tolland and 







$60. 50 




Unskilled |52.80 |60.50 $48,40 

Intermediate 60.50 71.50 55,00 

Skilled 77c00 93,50 69.30 

Professional 84.70 103,40 ■ 75.90 

The second step in adjusting WPA wage scales so that they 
fairly fitted the living conditions in communities within one popu- 
lation-area, ii^respective of county lines, was a specific readjust- 
ment of wages according to tovirns. There were now in effect three 
classifications of population in the more densely settled counties ;- 

Rural Sem i-urban Urban 

$49,50 to fp84,60 $55 to $94 $60.50 to $103.40 

These rates were in effect in New Haven and Plartf ord 
Counties J in Fairfield, the semi -urban and urban schedules main- 
tained. Labor advisors of this administration held that economic 
conditions in the New York area inextricably affected contiguous 
Fairfield County. ^ . ■- 

Such was the course of the "security wage" in Connecticut 
to its present figures. Such remained its status in the categories 
of unskilled and intermediate work. 

Early in October, the craft unions made representations 
to the administration. On the one side, skilled workmen were bound 
to fixed union rates v/hich varied according to the craft - "the pre- 
vailing wage"., On the other side, the W.P.A, had to portion its 
appropriation among quotas of relief cases. 

An arrangement was finally made which kept the amount of 
the monthly earning the same for each skilled worker (the security 
wage), v/hile the number of hours to be worked by a craftsman were 
made to conform to the scale for his own trade in his own locality. 

This v/as worked out after intense study by the Division 
of Labor Management. The "prevailing wage" adjustment had been made 
in New Jersey where trade rates conform to county units j in Connect- 
icut the problem v/as extremely complicated. A shifting scale of 

- 4 - • 

urban, semi-urban, and rural rates exists within each. Connecticut 
county. Rates vary in each intra-county district for twenty-six 
trades. The same is true for nine classes of "intermediate work- 
ers" (such as: hod carriers, scaffold builders, mortar mixers, 
electricians' and plumbers' helpers, etc.) 

The WoP.A. pay for a craftsman in an urban center was 
$.94 for a working month of 120 hours. The prevailing wage was 
established by taking the union rate per hour for each craft, 
dividing ^^94 by the rate per hour, and thus obtaining the number 
of hours a craftsman shall work each month. 

The administration was authorized to make this adjust- 
ment; the adjustment was satisfactory to representatives of the 
Trades Union, and this "prevailing rate of pay" became effective 
in the first pay period of December, 1935, for skilled and inter- 
mediate Y>rorkerso 


To sum up the course of W»P.A, wages in Connecticut from 
the beginnings of the Administration, through the maze of problems 
incidental to arriving at as fair a rate as possible for project 
workers in all parts of the State, dovm. to tho wage rates at pres- 
ent in effect by townships as indicated on the map on page 3: 

1- The Connecticut county Is too varied an economic 
unit for one blanket wage-scale, 

2- Population in to\?nships gave no final index to cost 
of living, due to tho metropolitan areas' influence 
on prices, 

3- Discrepancies in rates wevo remedied (in most 
cases where several townships clustered around one 
city) by an effort to adjust v/ages so that there 
would be a ralnlmura of sudden shifts from one ex- 
treme (^p48,40) to tho other ($60.50) for contiguous 
towns. That this adjustment v/as highly successful in 

■ •, this respect may be seen from the accompanying map„ 

C) n n e C t' \ c 1.) +. 



^-lABCM^ 193S 

No. -4 

Compiled by the Administrative Staff of the Works Progress 
Administration for Connecticut , State Headquarters : 125 Mun- 
son Street, New Haven, Conn. , P.X.Degnen, editor. 

Musicians' units of the,W,P,A. prog 
under Dr, Nikolai Sokoloff as national directo 
players in the United States,. In Connecticut, 
employed 303 on a music project which has ente 
ing the past \vinter„ The work has "been direct 
northern half of the State, by Francis Goodwin 
Hartfi^rd Civic S3miphony Orchestra, with a pers 
under the E.R.A., until the present roster of 
under the baton of Conductor Jacques Gordon. 

ram have been set up 
r to employ 16,000 

nine such units have 
rtained thousands dur- 
ed in District I, the 

11 who built upon the 
onnel of forty-eight 
eighty-nine vms placed 

Five Sunday concerts had been held at Avery Memorial when 
on January 19th, the symphony series was transferred to the larger 
Bushnell Memorial Auditorium. During this period, Madelin Bartlett 
writing in the Hartford T imes of February 26th, said: "Another step 
has been taken on the road to a successful orchestra in which any 
city may take pride.., Mrs Gordon put the musicians through their 
paces in a way that displayed to best advantage the knowledge they 
had gained in that short time. ..The strings are rapidly developiip^g a 
sweep and breadth, an ability for subtle shadings and above all a 
coherent interrelationship that is delightful to hear." 

The Hartford Symphony will open, on March 31st, a series 
of eight Tuesday night concerts at the State Theatre where a large 
group of free seats r/ill be available „ Programs v/ill comprise over- 
tures, symphonies and concertos , with soloists at some performances. 
A military band of 20 pieces and an orchestra of 17 pieces vi/hich 
plays overtures and entr'acte music for the W.PoAe theatre unit are 
also iy^cluded in the District I prograjn. 

The southern half of Connecticut has six YKPvA, units 
operating under Mrs, E„ Jay Edwards' supervision. There are a band 
of f^orty pieces and an ensemble of eleven in Waterbiiry, the former 
h-c^lding concerts at Hamilton Park and the latter giving Monday even- 
ing performances at the Y.M.C.A, in addition to concerts in Bethel 
Synagogue, St. Mary's Hospital, and South Federated Church. 

There are theatre orchestras, similar to that in Hartford, 
assisting the Bridgeport and New Plaven units of the Federal Theatre 
project. In Stamford a band of forty-seven has been conducting 
popular programs since December when a Christmas music festival was 
held on the city Green. 

The Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra niimb'ers eighty- three, 
including Conductor Prank Foti and a librarian. A series of six con- 
certs, held every other Vifednesday evening at Central High School 
Audltori-um, was inaugurated January 15th and have been received by an 
enthusiastic following. The subscription price is one dollar for the 
series and 500 persons have subscribed. At the last concert, March 
11th, the program was representative of the s;/mphony's repertory, vis; 
Cesnr Pranck's "Symphony in D-Minor"; Saint Saens ' "Concerto in 
G-I/Linor", and shorter pieces by Marinuzzi, Rimsky-Korsakow, and Borodin, 






Ayortv LLTi .:3eas® 

?loods hollow u)no\A/s 

The Works Progress Administration has finished Round. Two 
of a three season match ?;ith the climate nf Connecticut; from the 
viewpoint of the outdoor work-^srs on construction projects the score 
stands just about: WoP,A„, 1; V/eatherman, 1, The spring season will 
be something of a deciding contest which Vi/ill end with the fiscal 

There is much evidence of a mild and extended autumn 
which kept the frost out of the ground unusually long and thus 
permitted outdoor construction projects to be well advanced. The 
winter which really set in at the start of January fairly evened 
that score with a succession of heavy blizzards which were as un- 
usual as the clement autimm and. month-long Indian summer. 

The winter slate v/as literally washed up by an aftermath 
of those snows - the late winter floods which since March 12th have 
set a hlghv/ater mark for the valleys of the Hcus atonic, Naugatuck 
and Connecticut rivers while the Farmlngton - across which fishermen 
normally wade - took on the aspect of Niagara's rapids. 

On Thursday^ March 12th, flood-swept towns in the north- 
western section of the state began an appeal for emergency ald| 
W.P.A. workers in those affected towns were assigned to flood re- 
lief v/ork. By March 14th, in sixteen towns along river routes, 
more than a thousand project workers were meeting the emergency. 

Bridges were weighted down with sandbags and points of 
danger patrolled; people ¥;fere transported to safety in rowboa.ts 
and food and blankets were similarly delivered. Families in 
Willlmantic, p.victed from river sid.e homes, vrere removed to a vacant 
factory; two trucks were requisitioned by the W„P,A,, stocked with 
clothing and food at the Federal commodity warehouse in New Haven, 
and sent to Vi/illimantic at noon on Saturday, Similar aid went 
later to East Hartford, Emergency requisitions were direct and to 
the point; the government's flood control appropriations allotted 
Connecticut $220,000 for such W.P.A. work. 

I'lfhen the waters receded, there was an incredible debris 
of ice floes which rendered miles of road Impassable. The grind- 
ing and crushing effects of such ice blocks gave a small scale idea 
of glacier-erosion. In some places entire road beds were not only 
washed, away but actually gouged out to a depth of several feet. It 
was the work of emergency crews to clear the roads of ice and to 
repair ploughed-up surfaces. 

On March 18th, the flood showed that the previous week's 
ordeal had been but an opportunity for a dress rehearsal. A two 
days' deluge sent the rivers to record, breaking levels; the Connect- 
icut rose to a highwater mark of 38 feet; dams burst at Greenwoods 
and in Massachusetts. Hartford District W„P.A. work was side-track- 
ed in response to the emergency; by the morning of March 19th thirty- 
three towns had requested emergency aid of the W.P.A. 

Some idea of the aftermath of the first sr,v^na rinn,^ 
in Connecticut and the work it made for WPA pJo ect'^wJ^LJs Say 
thP^h^^ ^''°; n^^ ^^°^^ pictures. Top: ice floes le?t across 
the highway at Cornwall after first flood waters had receded 
Lower large picture: WPA workers are shown filling in a Roadbed 
rSad tH T'^it^ rL^" Terryville; ice floes had^ougJd ?hls 
road to a depth of three feet in some places. Lowlr insert- 
WPA workers clearing the highway along river at Co?nwSl! 

In the City of Hartford there v/ere 1,200 Vi/.P.A. workers 
in the front line of the hastily kobilized emergency agencies. The 
Red Cross directed relief of refugees, the National Guard maintain- 
ed martial law in the flooded business district of the State's 
capitol, and the raanpov/er of the W.P.A, projects abetted bot-h. 

Emergency barricades were constructed across scores of 
side streets which tha ri'v:er licked with swollen tengues of water; 
the barricades were moved and reconstructed as the waters contin- 
ued their incredible advance j the tongues of water metamorphosed 
into embracing arms, and finally, into a far-spreading blankret 
which smothered the vital organs of a great city. 

Another W.P.A. crew labored at the "million-dollar dike" 
which was built to withstand a 35 foot river-rise at Brainard Air- 
port. Others still reinforced railroad tracks and v\reighted bridge 
approaches I they manned row boats in ¥/ethersf ield to rescue thirty 
families, and moved furniture and even livestock to upper floors of 
homes. Capsized boats and water charged with electric current from 
fallen live wires were dangerous details effectively combatted. 
In East Lyme three W.P.A, workers maintained a sandbag wall at the 
damj a crew of twelve more manned the East Haddam drawbridge, and 
fifteen supplied emergency back-filling for the Occum Dam at Nor- 
wich which engineers had pronounced in a dangerous condition. 

There is material for an Araerican epic in the W.P.Ao's 
work at North Grosvenordale „ Sandbags bolstered an undermined wall 
at the reservoir^ For three days, men v/orked to keep roads open 
and to save bridges, A constant patrol was alert to warn the town; 
but the reservoir was kept v;ithin bounds, and supplies got through 
to the refugees in the Town Hall„ 

All that Saturday, the products of W.P.A, sewing units 
throughout the State were assembled and shipped by truck into the 
flooded sections J 26,586 articles of bedding and clothing had been 
thus accumulated by nightfall, with 11,000 of ther,e assembled from 
Fairfield County towns. 

As the ebb began, work crews began tasks of rehabilitation, 
Sunday morning found tv/enty-f ive men repairing Jewett City' s washed- 
out South Main Street. Carloads of chloride of lime arrived on the 
flooded scenes to be distributed for disease control. 

The battered (but still standing) Mlddlotown-Portland 
bridge was in effect the backbone of a gigantic beaver dam of debris 
v/hlch blocked the river. Wedged beneath the bridge floor was a barn, 
its hay mow full; there were a dozen telegraph poles, huge beams, 
and uprooted trees enmeshed in a great jack-straw jumble with fur- 
niture, auto tires, kindling wood and hay. The whole mess had to 
be dynamited and attacked with cant hooks. W.P.A, project workers 
were doing it . 

Emergency W.PoA, headquarters are established in Hartford 
in the Old Senate Chamber of the Capitol; here work is being sped 
on rehabilitation projects to fit the situation by means of 
$3,000,000 allocated the Connecticut W.P.A. for such work. 

- 10 - 

In every emergency situation, time is of the essence. 
The epitaph for the best intentions in the world has often been: 
"Too Late." 

There is, accordingly, something in the nature of an 
anti-climax in turning from the chronicle of work in progress 
against flood-threatened dams, bridges and dikes to chronicle the 
part played by this administration in combatting the previous emer- 
gency of snow removal in Connecticut towns. This work was also a 
special problem of which the flood subsequently removed the last 
vestiges . 

Under normal conditions, snovif- removal is as much a func- 
tion of local government as street-sweeping. A ruling to that ef- 
fect was made by the Federal Administrator at a time Y^rhen blizzards 
were an academic question. It was foreseen, and provided for in 
this same order, that W.P.A. project workers might be needed in towns 
for snov>7 removal if conditions should become abnormal. 

The blizzards were not long in creating such abnormal con- 
ditions which blocked streets, froze solidly, and snowed again - a 
semi-v^eekly occurrence. 

It was arranged that towns could augment their own snow 
clearing crews by using available men from local W.P.A. projects. 
Such requests for W.P.A, aid were to be made by local Public Works 
bureaus as needed from day to day, and permission for this emergency 
aid v/as given by the day. The W.P,A. workers thus shifted to 
emergency snow removal had their time recorded as usual and applied 
to the pay period then current, with the regular wage met from W.P.A. 
funds as usual . 

This phase of W,P,A. work in a seasonal emergency has 
become history for this year at any rate. During .January and Feb- 
ruary forty-one tovms in the State had 3,688 W.P«A, project v/orkers 
engaged in snow removal as follows: ■ • ' 

Towns Men Hours 

Nev/ Haven District 


Hartford " 


Bridgeport " 



FEVER AFTER CHILL- With blizzards gone the way of all snows of yester- 
year and rivers so far receded as to permit actual rehabilitation, 
"work in season" for the W.P.A. might reasonably be expected to give 
way to resumption of normal construction projects. 

But a despatch from Westport tells of another emergency 
which needed manpower from W.P.A, projects there. While Hartford was 
under water, grass fires swept over several acres between Rosovillo 
and North Compo roads in Westport, An administrative ruling, how- 
ever, empowered the local fire chief to meet the emergency vi?lth 
W.P.A. project v>forkers assisting local hose companies. The state 
gives compensation for such work. 



^^ L 

Current and forthcoming productions of Connecticut W.P.A, 
units of the Federal Theatre Project are as follows: 

NEW HAVEN: Lincoln Theatre 

April 1-4: 

"Blind Alley" 
April 8-11 and 15-18: 

"The Would-be Gentleman" 
(A modernized version by 
Walter Bradley Klavun of 
Moliere's masterpiece.) 
April 22-25 and 29-May 1: 

"Wuthe ring He ight s " 
(Emily Bronte's novel dram- 
atized by Randolph Carter,] 

May 6-9 1 13-15: 

"The Enchanted Cat" 
(Operetta by Off enbach, pre- 
sented for its first time : 
America; music by the New- 
Haven W.P.A, orchestra,) 
May 20-23; and 27-30: 
"Americana"- the first of £ 
series of four American 
chronicle plays. 


State Theatre-;:- 

larch 31: "Accent on Youth" 
(A benefit performance at Bushnell 
Memorial for flood victims » ) 
^1 Future plans for the Hartford 
unit of the W.P.A. theatre are 
dependent on the conditions of 
the State Theatre which was 
flooded half-way above stage 
level , 


Park Theatre 

March 30- April 4: 

"The Trial of Mary Dugan" 
April 6- April 11 r 

"The Spider" 
(It is the pol.icy of the Park Theatre 
Players to present three acts of 
vaudeville with a three-act drama. 
Vaudeville auditions are held every 

CHILDREN'S THEATRE UNIT, A workshop is conducted at the Orchard 
Street School, New Haven. Plays are given in schools; ten perfor- 
mances of "Heidi" have already been given to audiences totaling 
5,500. "Alice in Ylfonderland" : March 15, 

March 23 j 

March 30^ 

April 2, 
"The Stolen Prince" in rehearsal. 

at Nathan Hale school, 
at Sheridan Jr. H. S., 
at Ivy street school. 
Fair Haven Jr. H. S. 

ganized under W.P.A. direction in 
of these programs, the town hall s 
and a subscription audience is bei 
duction dates are: 


In rehearsal: "Young Woodley" 

"Rebound", "The Doctor in Spite 

of Himself". 

NORWALK: Studi o Playhous e, Publi 

In rehearsal: "The Blue Bird". 

cal theatre groups have been or- 
some Connecticut towns. As parts 
tage and scenery will be remodeled 
ng organized in Southington. Pro- 

NEW LONDON: Workshop, Allen Mu- 
seum Lecture Hall „ 
March 27-28: "Ten Nights in a 

Barroom" . 
April 24-25: "As Husbands Go" 
May 22-23: "The Doctor in Spite 
of Himself". 


io'^ O 

]^ -'^ 


since the National YoTith Administration began in December 
to establish its own projects to employ jobless, unmarried yoimg 
people between the ages of sixteen and twenty-five who were not at 
school, more than 1200 young men and women have been put to work on 
114 projects in Connecticut. 

Available funds are limited, the number of youths eligible 
for work is a high one, and first priority in employment goes to the 
heads of families on W.P,A. projects. Such factors as these have 
made it necessary that N.Y.A» jobs be more widely distributed by 
limiting the number of vrorking hours to forty in a month, for which 
one-third of the W»P.A. v/age is paid. 

It is worth while to chronicle the fact that since the 
N.Y.A. has been operating work projects here, forty of the Connecticut 
youths originally placed at IJ.y\a. jobs have left for private em- 
ployment. There is no deliberate check on the activities of the 
N.Y.A. workers to ascertain how many have secured other employment; 
routine requisitions for replacement of N.Y»A, workers leaving pro- 
jects tell their ovm story. 

Another equally hopeful and more varied story of youths 
discovering som_e fields of interest-compelling work has grov/n out of 
the experiences of many v/ho are still v/orklng on the N.Y.A. projects. 

Such projects are of four classifications: public service 
(which provides youth aides for local government bureaus for work 
which could not otherwise be carried on); research (in which scien- 
tific and social agencies are aided in several fields); recreation 
(a phase of this administration's work vrtiich has given community 
center leaders to congested areas of the State's larger cities), and 
rural projects (which are suited to local needs along the lines of 
agriculture, library or recreational service, sanitation, etc.). 

Out of this program, there is evident a naturally develop- 
ing by-product v/hich may be judged from a consideration of cases of 
youths concerned. It is this; there are being determined the apti- 
tudes of many young men and vromen for certain work of which they had 
no knowledge previous to the N.Y.A, 's existence. 

One laboratory project was using an N.Y.A. aide as a 
draughtsman; the supervising scientist discovered that this youthful 
chart-plotter was the most adept mathematician in his whole organi- 
zation. The boy is preparing for a civil service berth as a junior 
accountant. In fact, many youngsters are learning for the first 
time of civil service opportunities through the advice of N.Y.A. 
project sponsors and supervisors „ Ten of those working in the New 
Haven district alone have been directed to fields for which they show 
particular adaptability. 


Another boy proved especially skilled in chair caning 
when given work on an N.Y.A. project. He visited a recreational cen- 
ter where other youngsters found his v;ork made a novel story. They 
accepted his offer to conduct classes in caning in his free time, and 
he Yiras elected a member of their club. 

In a suburban area which has experienced its most acute 
poverty in the last tv/o years due to truck garden crop failures, the 
children made the best of a discouraging situation by setting up a 
community program of their own. 

This received decided stimulus for its eminently worth 
while social welfare work through N,Y,A. aid to several eligible 
young men and ViTom.en who v/ere members of relief fcjnilies. Sim.ilarly, 
the headquarters of N.Y.A. have developed into something of a clear- 
ing house for offers of facilities and qualified young men v/ho are 
able and Trilling to conduct settlement work. 

A high school teacher recently brought enthusiastically 
to the attention of the N.Y.A, offices another by-product of the stu- 
dent aid plan as evidenced in one of her charges. The pupil was a 
well-grown young Negro who was invariably shy and who stumbled in 
recitations. An N.Y.A. job enabled him to better his ragged vrardrobe, 
and an instantaneous change in the child's behavior amazed his 
teachers. Now he is a leader in every class discussion. 

The case of two girls v/ho had been jobless since gradua- 
tion from high school three years ago further Illustrates the encour- 
agement of latent aptitudes under the work program of the N.Y.A. 
One, who v/as assigned to a health department, said that she had al- 
ways wanted to be a nurse. She learned eagerly that she could assist 
in clinical aspects of the public health service, and her work has 
been judged very valuable by the Visiting Nurse to whom she has been 
assigned . 

The other girl was delegated to assist the matron at a 
baby v/elfare station where regular weighing and advice on infant care 
are provided v/hich keeps vi/ell babies well. On observing the natviral 
charm and grace with which this young N.Y.A, aide received and as- 
sisted the mothers who came with their babies, an N.Y.A. supervisor 
was led to remark; "That girl is a born hostess!" 

Another girl v\ras assigned to a large N.Y.A. project v/hlch 
included intricate sev/ing. On her first trial she lined a coat 
efficiently, and thereby proved a most valuable aide to the project. 

The administration which vras set up for young people who 
do not have the priority which makes W.P.A. jobs obtainable, had 
hoped to develop such talents and aptitudes; from cases such as these 
it follo\7s that an alternative Interpretation of the initials N.Y.A. 
is; "numerous youngsters adaptable." 



§ W. ^W 

\:>s,vi3,t/ \^f^ g 

RPRa-ra^v, 5155^ 

NO. B 


conriECTicuT in the gu 


MATTHEW A- DALY 4".**'^A'ii|aiNI ST R AT OR 
123 MUNSON Street!" HewMHav^en , CoNW. 

\ 1937 J I 



As the March number of "Work In Progress" was being is- 
sued, the flooding rivers of Connecticut were receding after hav- 
ing established an all time record highvi?ater mark of 38,6 feet. 

Those receding waters left a mark on the northern half of 
the State which will require large resources of manpower and money 
before it is effaced. A large measure cf the work of rehabilita- 
tion has been delegated by affected communities to the Viforks 
Progress Administration. This administration cocperated with 
other agencies who deserve unstinted praise for their humanitar- 
ian efforts when the crisis was most acute, Tlie Red Cross, the 
National Guard, the American Legion, the Salvation Army, and the 
Civilian Conservation Corps were among the many forces which met 
the emergency. No oversight cf the State's tributes to these 
agencies is Intended in the concern which the following pages will 
have to chronicle the work of the W.P.A, in rehabilitation of flood- 
ed areas , 

V/hen at last the river started to recede on March 21st, a 
positive attack could be started against the devestated conditions 
revealed. V/here health menaces were declared existing by munici- 
pal boards of health, puiups were set in operation to bail out 
flooded cellars. 

Then came a second line of defense against disease: the 
light artillery of the spray gun crews that treated damp and silt- 
stained walls with chloride of lime. Workers inside and out of 
doors were Inoculated against typhoid fever, which was the menace 
lurking in pulluted water and mud. 

Merchandise, contaminated by such water, v/as condemned and 
destroyed. Drovmed animals were buried in country districts; in 
city streets, debris of all descriptions (predominantly splintered 
wooden flotsara) v^as gathered into colossal heaps and carted to de- 

The hip-booted crev,/s waded in once busy lanes of traffic 
v^hich were now incredibly covered with a foot of muck and slime. 
The mop-up squads shovelled this away: quagmires in city streets 
required the technique cf snow-removal, but of a heavier sort. 
Hose crews followed to wash the streets clean before traffic might 
safely use them. 

Houses and barns were found as much as a mile from their 
foundations, in some cases blocking roads.. These were dismantled 
by W.P.A-. workers-. Other houses, once neighboring, had been made 
into temporarily duplex buildings, the bay windows of one wedged 
tightly into the side porch of another. All of these could not be 


- 1 - 











16; 875 



4' 750 






a • • 






9 • s • e 







East Kaddam 

e • a 


East liajnpton 

1,8 22 

> . ■> « 

East liartfd. 33,250 .,.,. 

East Lyine (see right coliinin] 

East Windsor 16,875 00... 

Glastonbui^y 16,875 ..«., 

16; 875 






Nev^ Hartford 16 '.87 5 

New London 

New Mllford 










(see bight colujmi) 
67,500 ,.c.. 

Pomf ret 














• 385 

South Wlndsorl6,875 



Thomas ton 





Wethersfield 33,750 
Windham 27 , 000 

\¥lndsor 25,312 

Windsor locks 8,437 







$1,022,125 #299,838 


SIDEWALKS: Brooklyn, $7871 East 
Plartford, 15,120;\East Windsor, 
787| Killlngly, 2,362; Thompson, 
3,150| Wethersfield, 1,890| Wind- 
ham, 6,300, 

Hartford, |29,300; East Windsor, 
4,820| Glastonbury, 5,031; Hart- 
ford, 204,633; MiddletoiTO, 2,750; 
Wethersfield, 9,820. 
STREETS: Cromwell, £^295; Hartford, 
234,908; Middletovm, 172,500; Nor- 
wich, 657; Portland, 1,500, 
OTPTER PROJECTS: Hartford, Power 
lines, $2,996; parks, 197,022; 
store yards, 55,908; dike, 95,500; 
se¥7ers, 141,184. Nev^r London : parks, 
5,262; retaining vmll, 385. East 
Hampton, retaining wall, 13,582; 
Windham, dike, 14, 750 „ Windsor, re- 
taining virall, 14,955. Mlddletown., 
sevifers, 11, 000 « Putnam, se¥;ers, 

GRAND TOTAL: $2,579,635. 



Also affected; 

Thomas ton 

Chart of major 
areas affect ed 

by J lood : V^/•P•A 
projects r '^ r 
br\d^e ^f roa <.S 
r e pg I r s ;, e -h c . ^j 


At Middletown, there was need for an Informal, IV.P.A, navy. 
One squad of twelve men manned boats for actual rescue work while 
the waters v/ere still risingi later, they covered the temporary 
v;aterfront to prevent looting of abandoned homes. Another squad- 
ron met a real emergency which paralleled the classic plight of 
the Ancient Mariners 

: ' Vifater, vi^ater everywhere. 
Nor any drop to drink. 

There were families isolated in Newfield, two miles across v;hat 
were once dry meadov;/s. Now there was a silent lake, and drinlcing 
v/ater from Middletown hydrants had to he put into five-gallon 
bottles and delivered to Newfield by boat. 

The Mlddleto¥/n and Hartford armories were staffed in part 
by project v/orkers , and used as refugees' stations. At the former 
one, necessary service was provided by a unit of the Middletown 
r/.P.A. educational center, vmere a first aid class had not expected 
to be called so promptly from the classroom. 

All this v/hlle, in every city and tovi/n affected, W.P.A. 
crews were assigned to clear out and disinfect stores and homes 
from which inhabitants were barred for the time being by health 
officers . One woman, who had been driven from her home in a 
Hartford tenement at 110 Grove Street, was cheered on having re- 
turned to her a purse containing $800 virhich a W.P.A. cleaner found 
in the debris . 

Meanvifhlle, W.P.A. engineers were su.rveying the flooded 
territory and consulting with officials of affected communities. 
Field reports were sent to the temporary W.P.A. headquarters that 
had been set up in the Capitol at Hartford," the Federal Adminis- 
trator's representative. Colonel Lawrence S. Westbrook, reported 
from that point to national headquarters. An emergency appropria- 
tion of $3,000,000 was made for reconstruction in Connecticut^ 
flood repairs were provided for in Presidential Letter #1529, 
State #2735, O.P. 65-15-2533. „_ 

Tlie result was a division of this appropriation into sep- 
arate projects to fit the actual need with actual reconstruction 
work. Roads, bridges, and bridge approaches were promptly in 
process of rebuilding, 

YifoPjA, sewing projects in all parts of the State contri- 
buted clothing and bedding which they had manufactured! these 
necessities were sent to the Emergency Relief Coim-aission for dis- 
tribution as requisitioned by tovms= Twenty-six such sev/ing 
projects in to?/ns outside of the flooded districts sent a total 
of 31,842 household articles and garments. 

Girls on National Youth Administration projects cared for 
children of evicted families in Hartford and Middletowni N.YeA. 
boys assisted in cleaning prograins and rescue and health super- 
vision work in both those cities and in East Hartford. 

Pay-roll figures as of April 8th for the W,P.A. flood 
project viforkers give an idea of the role being played by these 
men in the present emergency: 







New London 

Nev/ Haven"' 



(5 ) 
(6 ) 
(5 ) 
(1 ) 






56. ,29 6 




28 „ 780 




368,859 |188,230 

Comi'aodity stipply workers 




r+ ; 

V,^ O «"» fi (E: C. Z- I c u "C 

ffS — 

A PR I L J 19 3 6 

HO- '3 

Compiiea by the Adjninistrative Staff of the \;or;:s r^rogress Ad- 
ministration for Connecticut, State Headquarters: 125 Munson 
Street, New Haven, Conn. 


I^^^Jn s^5^6S 5) 1 N c L LJ p ) N G : 

IPIR(DJECTr§ aind EEMtE'r 

On April 7th, a report of the United States Employment 
Service showed 84,288 men and women In Connecticut vifho are v/ithout 
regular or steady jobs. The Emergency Relief Commission is the 
agency which certifies workers as having been on relief and elig- 
ible for employment on projects of the Works Progress Administra- 
tion. Notice of such certification is made simultaneously to 
U.S.E.S, and W.P.A, Requisitions of W»P,A. labor are made through 
the U.S.E.S. offices, and W.P^A, project personnel is included in 
the total figure of 84,288 . 

This figure represents registration of unemployed up to 
February 1st, It comprises 69,998 men and 14,290 women. Only 
303 are listed as unemployables , and only 792 are unclassified. 
Skilled workers total 16,841, Of the eighty-four thousands, 11^ 
are under twenty-five years, and 15/^ are over forty-five. 

This registration has been effected for the federal un- 
employment insurance program, and inclusion of W.P.A, project 
workers testifies to the emergency nature of the Federal Works 
Program. In a very discerning article in the New York H eral d__ 
Tribune for April 21st , "Unemployment and Recovery" , Dorothy 
Thompson set forth some of the salient features of America's 
works program and corresponding measures in European nations, 
all of which still have grave unemployment problems. Miss 
Thompson frankly gave it as her opinion that counting W.P.A. 
and C.CoC. v/orkers among the unemployed was Incorrect since many 
of these were workers at jobs vdiich would normally be done by a 
state and its constituent coinmunitles . 

The 84,000 attest the abnormality of working conditions 
in Connecticut, Coimnunities here have been faced vi/ith certain 
construction needs and limited clerical staffs in govermriental 
agencies on the one hand, and on the other hand there were the 
communities' "relief loads". The W.P.A, was devised to pay the 
wages of previously certified relief workers on projects in 
vi/hich the communities (as sponsors) paid major costs of materials. 
The end in vievi of that plan was to provide a regular wage for 
workers vrhlle sponsors' funds, going in the main for materials, 
might therefor go further. 

The general works prograra embraces communities and 
W.P.A. together; the major function of the Vl/.P.A. has been the 
payment of project workers for time worked. One important dis- 
tinction must be re- stated here, namely; the W.P.A. has never 
had the power or the machinery for investigating relief cases 
and certifying the same. Project v/orkers, 90/b or more, are in- 
dividuals whose relief status is determined before assignment to 
W.P.A. jobs, 

- 5 - 

With assignment to a W.P.A, job, the worker leaves the 
relief roll - a fact to be borne in mind when analyzing current 
relief figures. The Yif.P.A, worker, hov;ever, does not lose his 
relief status in this sense; if circimistances beyond his control 
force him into a state of idleness (industry might call this 
"honorable dismissal") he is automatically eligible again for 
relief. There is, too, in effect a supplementary relief system 
by which large families are aided by town welfare agencies when 
necessary. This administration does what it was designed to do 
when it makes a regular wage earner of an employable person prev- 
iously on relief and certified by the investigating processes of 
social agencies existing prior to the establishment of the W.P.A. 

By making wage earners of employr^.ble persons, the W.P.A, 
has attempted the avowed task of "taking the Federal government 
out of relief". The State administration's most vital clerical 
job has been speedy payment of v/ages to project workers. Since 
time-sheets carry each worker's classifying nujuber, and certain 
naimbers show if a project v/orker has been cortijfied to the '.Y.PsA, 
S.S having been on relief, the break-down of figures given below 
is obtained by the Area Statistical Office in New York City, 

The following report, covering the second half of March^ 
shows the number of persons employed on projects of the Works 
Progress Adininistratlon in Connecticut, (Sponsors' contributions 
of personal services are not included). 

March 16-31, inclusive: 









District #1 






Work camps 



2 , 748 

















District wide 




.. 8 ■ 

District #2 






Hev7 Haven 





New London """ 



42, ,7 60 


Work canps 





District v/ide 





District -jfo 

Fairfield ""■ 





Work camps 










TOTAL. . . . 





March 1 - 15, inc 





TOTAL. . . . 

. 28,983 


pjXcluding Vlfork Cojnp: 


The following report, covering the first half of April, shows 
the number of persons employed on projects of the Worhs Pi-ogresa 
Adi-ninl strati on in Connecticut, (Sponsor's contrihutions are not 
included. ) 


District #1 

Vfork Camps 

District #2 
New Haven 
NoY/ London-"- 
Work Camps 

District #3 
Work Camps 
































April 1-15, 

incl . 















4,031 . 




















(Comparison of the above table with figures for the semi-month- 
ly sumjnary for the preceding period - see page 7 - shows the 
effect produced by the flood' emergency » Under a State-wide 
flood rehabilitation project, temporary assignments and trans- 
fers considerably raised the total of workers in the State-wide 
category. } 

FEDEPJIL PROJECTS, e . ,The distinction ' between W.P.A. and "Federal" 
projects may be indicated thus j W.P.A, projects are co-sponsored 
by agencies within the State; Federal projects are conducted en- 
tirely on funds earmarked for this purpose by the National admin- 
istration. The foregoing tables include the following workers 
on Federal Projects of the Connecticut W.P.A., first half of April. 

Federal Project #1; (Twenty-six units| Theatre, Art, Music, Writing): 






As of April 28th, 1936= 212 projects completed; 
cost: ;i;;i, 240,346. 



-"-Excluding work camps. 







One work project of the National Youth Administration 
has definitely shown that groups of young people between the ages 
of seventeen and twenty-five are tractable for crafts apprentice- 
ships if craft industries can encourage such apprentice systems , 

The Vifork being done by N.Y.A, employed youngsters in ■ 
conjunction with the Good"will Industries is essentially of appren- 
tice nature. Forty-four boys have been employed at the institu- 
tion's building, 497 State Street, a four story structure. Con- 
tributed houseware 5 clothing^ and furnishings of every description 
are reconditioned by skilled craftsmen who are part of the non- 
profit making center of supply. 

The K,YeAe workers' ages average twenty-two years; these 
youths have been assigned to master craftsmen in each of the six 
divisions of the reconstruction v/ork. The yoimg workers receive 
Instruction and a chance to develop their skills; the project sup- 
ervisor is in touch with the N.Y.A, representatives of the junior 
placement service at U»S. Employinent Service offices, and place- 
ments in private employitient have been made by this means, 

Tv/o working divisions are active on each of the top 
three floors of the building. On the second floor, a gr'^up of 
N.Y.A, v/orkers who have shown more than usual mechanical apti- 
tude are repairing clocks and reassembling radio receiving sets. 
Lamps, too, are completely reconstructed in this department, 
from re-wiring to polishing a dull, tarnished lamp base until it 
gleams in its original bronze. 

Storage stacks of reclaimed furniture separate the 
mechanical work benches from the shoe repair division on that 
same floor. Worn shoes are stacked by the gross; each has its 
turn on the last and goes then to the tr5.niming lathe. 

Furniture reconstruction and finishing divisions occupy 
the third floor where a dozen more N.Y.A. v;orkers receive appar- 
ently hopelessly battered chairs and scarred wooden tables and 
bureaus ¥/hlch undergo incredible reclamation in the course of the 
ti>ip across that floor. A chair minus a leg and two rungs is re- 
allocated to the qu.adi^upeds of furniture, with carpenter and 
apprentice v/orking together. A bureau minus a drawer is measured; 
reclaimed lumber from a bed beyond repair is fitted into place, 
and the bureo.u is basically sound once m.ore, "Easy chairs" 
which have forfeited their right to that nazne go out of the shop, 
inflated to a past estate, swelling with pride - and upholstery. 
Cut wood which entered as beds and bureaus, goes out of the de- 
partm.ent unrecognisably built into trim v/ooden armchairs. 

Such fu.rnlture moves across to the refinlshing depart- 
ment where planing, scraping, painting and varnishing is effected. 

- 8 - 

-le fourth floor houses a division in which the youths 
employed / .ve started wflth no previous knovirledge of chair caning, 
and, disr airing aptit^ides that are a revelation to anyone inspect- 
ing the project, have turned out consistently first rate work. 
Two boys are assigned to a chair," one weaving as the other holds 
the chair and "feeds" raffia to the weaver; then, one side of a 
chair seat having been caned, the process is changed over. 

Another section effects the rehabilitation of ice-boxes, 
beds and stoves. Refrigerators are relined and painted; bed 
springs are made firm, and kitchen ranges of all sorts which are 
received in rusted, paint-spattered condition are trim and glean- 
ing with all parts accounted for before leaving the work shop. 

The wood-working phases of this reclamation procedure 
show that the project has something in common with the pork paker's 
classic boast: "We use everything but the pig's squeal". Out- 
moded phonographs come to the project, spilling forth their mechan- 
ical viscera. Carefully dismantled, the veneered wood serves as 
raw material which reappears as magazine and book racks. 

One unique contribution was made to the Goodwill Indus- 
tries by a man whose hobby was using a scroll saw, as perhaps, a 
more intricate, engrossing form of whittling. The hundreds of 
tiny furniture parts and animal silhouettes he had thus cut from 
smooth Vi/ood were simply stacked in bushel baskets ' which eventually 
found their way to this workshop. Now with N.YcA. youths acquir- 
ing skill in careful, delicate carpentry these random objects are 
being assembled. Several score of little bureaus have been put to- 
gether and painted; these are going to please lot of little girls— 
if their mothers do not first learn that these one -compartment 
"bureaus" are excellently adaptable for use as sewing boxes. 

i. ® £ 

fin f\ 

NSV/ HAVEN. Lincoln Theatr e ; "V/iitherlng Heights" (adaptation sf 

the Bronte novel by Randolph Carter) May 15-16 and 20-23, 
"Fancy. That" (a new play by Peter Purcnlowe of Nev/ Ha- 
ven) May 27-50 and June 5-6. 
"Cellini" (a new poetic drama by Joseph Walsh, graduate 
student at Yale TJniverslty) ; June 10-13 and 17-20, 

BRIDGEPORT. Park Theatre; • "Ceiling Zero" (held over) May 19-23. 
"Blind Alley", May 26-50. 

H/\.RTP0PiD, State Theatre ; "Good Bye Again" (held over)May 19-25. 
"Blind Alley", May 27-30. 

VAUDEVILBE U];JIT: to May 14th has played 12 C.C.C. camps. 



A summary of wnraen's aotivitles in the Connecticut W.P„A. has 
"been made hy Miss ^ary M. Hughart, director of the Division of Wo- 
inen's and Professional and Service Projects. At the end of April ^ 
2,235 women were employed^ of whom 1^191 were on sewing projects.^ 
Clerical work f-^ccupled most of the others^ and representative activ- 
ities are mentioned in the following excerpts from the report: 

The Housekeeping Aide projects are particularly suitable for wo- 
men accustomed to manual vrork and meet a very real need in the commu- 
nity. These projects have the enthusiastic support of the social wor- 
kers 'and visiting nurses, urder whose supervision they are "being oper- 
atedc The personnel has been carefully selected in cooperation with 
the social welfare agencies and the U.S.E.S, and in every instance 
the women selected have proved more than satisfactory and are consci- 
entious about their work. Projects employing ten or more women are 
placed in charge of a supervisor who works under the direction of a 
local social agency or the Visiting Kurses Association^ The follow- 
ing report will give an idea of the type of work Housekeeping Aides 
are doinge 

A man with four children, two uiider school age, who has to go to 
work around 2:30 in the afternoon and not return until 12 that 
night. His wife is in the hospital and he has been trying to 
carry on in this manner for some ' time with the assistance of a 
neighbor when she could help him. He is a very thrifty man who 
has every indication nf wanting to keep his family together and 
.'- give them all the care he can, ^e has had one of our women now 
• -:- for over three weeks and v/hen vre visited him this past iffeek he 
,'■ is delighted with what we have done for him. As he said to us, 
when he returns f(Pom work now he doesn't have to stay up part 
of the night trying to do some of the housevirork. Of course, our 
woman doesn't stay -ontil he gets home from work but puts the 
two itoungest children to bed and ' the two older ones can carry 
on ion til their father comes home. . , ^ 

An interesting report has just come In concerning women em.ployed 
on a cleaning project. The Superintendent of Schools reports that the 
work done has made such an impression that additional funds for clean- 
ing probably will be included in next year's budget , to ' effect the em- 
ployment of two vtfomen over and above the regular staff. This project 
has, therefore, served its purpose as a demonstration. ... ,.Vife have had 
^nly a few hot lunch projects since little interest has been shown in 
them because of the expense to the sponsor of equipment and food, in 
spite of the fact that one project read: "To cook and serve children" 
Library projects serve the general public and em.ploy white-col- 
lar wom.en v/ith no specialized training. Such assistance enables many 
libraries to remain open longer, thus making their services available 
to a larger niunber of people. Beside the regular work of mending worn 
books, cataloguing and relndexing, several interesting developments 
have "been reported on these projects. One library has Included in its 
extension service a book v/agon which circulates in the formerly neg- 
lected rural districts. In another city, these women are being trained 
for per-msnent positions, 


connecTiciiT in i ne 
pirneRiCRn cuioeEiooK 

■9 ^ 



Through the Federal Vifriters' 
Project, the Connecticut W.P.A. has 
given vjork to 130 jobless writers 
in the State. Since last December^ 
the major work of this unit has been 
the preparation of Connecticut's sec- 
tion" of the six volume "American 
Guidebook". There has been a sift- 
ing of long-neglected records in old 
town vaults, archives, and historic 
houses throughout the nation by the 
five thousand who have been assigned 
to this work. Valuable data have 
been brought to light as a by-prod- 
uct of these investigations. In 
New York State, the manuscript of 
Lincoln's speech on his re-election 
in 1864 was re-discovered. An old 
Colonial fort was identified on 
Manhattan Island. 

Prom the Connecticut project's Torrington office came the _re- 
•Dort of a discovery among tovm records which showed that the subject 
of a bonus for veterans of American v>rars has a history as old as the 
nation. In April, 1777, the Litchfield Town Meeting voted payment from 
the tomi treasury: ''To each soldier that should enlist for the term 
specified, the sum of 12 pounds per annum in addition to their pay 
from the state or federal government." In October, 1783, the above- 
quoted advance bounty was followed by adjustment of veterans' claims. 

The first purpose of the Writers' project has been, to date, 
the gathering and%dlting of material which will provide a conven- 
ient set of handbooks for the tourist within the United States, One 
volume will be devoted to New England and New York State'. In several 
points, the Connecticut section is dravm up on a pattern varied from 
that followed by the CWA-FE.RA vrork: "The Connecticut Guide" v^hich 
was such a happy adjunct of the State's Tercentenary celebration. 

In the American Guidebook, Connectictit follov/s a pattern of: 
narrative "Introduction to Connecticut"; history of individual toiTOsi 
series of suggested tours with Index references back to the tovms 
described and pertinent travel Information | table of items according 
to topics, and' each such topic list preceded by a narrative essay by 
a Connecticut Authority in each field. These men are advisors to 
the editorial staff of the project. 

The topic lists are twelve in number, and comprises Education, 
Fauna, Flora, Geology, Indians, Industries, Institutions, Landmarks, 
Museums -Cultural Centers; Natural Resources; Recreation (State Parks 
and Trails); and Scenic Points. Charts and illustrations will ac- 
company text . 


The section devoted to Indian lore 
of the State has a distinct flavor hy vir- 
tue of the tribal names vrhlch live in Con- 
necticut history. And there is a particu- 
larly appropriate conjunction between the 
place-names, trejisplanted by colonizers 
from England, and the Indian names with' 
which they became associated in the new, 
Connecticut setting. Like wamvvm framed 
in Pilgrim oak are such conjoined names 
as these which the Guide lists: 

Canterbury : Ob jibway TowerjEast Lyme: 
Niantlc Cave jFarmington; Tunxis Monument; 
Franklin: Yantic Palls jG-roton : Pequot Hill; 
Hampton: Old Iviipmuck Trail , -Kent :Schaghit- 
coke Reservation I Mont ville : Cochegan,Mohe- 
■0.^-::A j gan, Shantock, and Tantaquldgeon | New Pair- 
■!l_I^l.l|field:Pootatuck Council Cave;Newington : 
"Wangunk village |Kew Milford: Housatonic 
Gorge, and Norwich: Miantonomo Homoment , It reads as though Dan Chau- 
cer had invited Uncas to join his cavalcade « 

And it seems subtly to have caught the flavor of an aspect 
which is definitely Connecticut's, just as preliminary sections of 
the American Guide show that a spirit which is unique among American 
cities has flavored the paragraphs on historic points in the nation- 
al capital. 

From that preliminary publication are submitted the following 
selections from the "Introduction to Connecticut": 

In contrast to the rough back-country is the well ordered 
quiet neatness of the village green, regularly ornamented by 
its Congregational Church and magnificent elmSi Especially 
beautiful are the greens at Sharon, Woodstock, Tolland, Pomx- 
fret, and Windham. The individual Interested in exquisite 
churches of the Colonial period may be referred to the hand- 
some edifices of Canterbury, Killingworth, Litchfield, Lebanon, 
and Brooklyn. To^vns which are ujiri vailed in the beauty of 
their elm-shaded main streets are Rldgefiold, Lyme, Roxbury, 
Colebrook, Madison, and Litchfield. The usual country home 
is well painted and is built far enough back from the road to 
insure a certain privacy and dignity. Vfliite paint is spread 
with a lavish bnish; green trim and blinds are popular. Oc- 
casionally a rod brick or yellovi; Colonial house varies this 
rural color scheme of vihito and green. 

In such passages as that one, the Connecticut project seems 
to have taken dictation at first hand from.: 

" sunrise over the hills of Cornwall, sunset over still 

pasttires, the roar of Kent Palls, and the silence of the 
Cathedral Pines." 









June 3^1536 


W.EA. Frojt^ct Quota 

Educational Pro gram 
The Stores 


ros s i no 





Th*^ ^orks prohrcdss Aclministrotion 
■ for Conned i cut ■ -. °'-- 

Matthew ft. Baly^^^wf^ 

ftdminisfrttt or 




^Wo 114. i^ o Pir(D|(BCil Qui ®-(l a 

In order to understand, the question of the recently- 
ordered W.P.A. project reductions (as well as other problems which, 
similarly, concern the labor relations division of the Vi/orks Pro- 
gress Administration) the nattire of the W.P.A. "quota" in Connect- 
icut must first he made clears 

Yi/.P.A. projects in any state could not be staffed over- 
night, and Connecticut was no exception* When W.P.A. v/as set up in 
the summer of 1935, the number of "relief cases" v/as shifting, as it 
always does. A relief case may represent a vi/hole family; the main 
support of a family, if employable, was given "first priority," That 
was, in brief, the system of determining eligibility for W.P.A. 
project jobs. Allocations were made of Federal fu.nds to the Connect- 
icut W.P.A. to employ about 25,000 project workers. This was the 
quote which guided the Labor Management Division to pro-rate project 
workers by communities to employable persons on relief in those 

Since these were men and not wall paper, the pro-rating v/as 
meant to be a representative, rather than an. exact, conformity to the 
"relief load" by toi/vnso The table that accompanies this article 
shows that the staffing of projects was carried out in fairly accurate 
conformity to the relief load fi guides. 

Because of the increase in relief cases which has invariably 
attended winter, there was a 'reserve quota' of 5,000 to be added to 
the original figure of 25,000. In short, the Connecticut W.P.A. funds 
v/ere not sufficient to employ 30,000 persons for the period of Sept- 
ember, 1935, to June 30th, 1936. According, there v/as provision 
made for an adaptation of the W.P.A. program to varying seasonal 
needs e The result was expansion in winter 

The Works Progress Acaministration, like previous work and 
relief agencies in Connecticut, e^cpanded its program as the mercury .'..^ 
in the thermometer contracted. "Seasonal employment" opportunities 
show an affinity for temperature readings; v/lth the exception of an 
early December period, seasonal employment in v/inter approaches 

The result v;as that during the three months ending with the 
last day of March, 1936, the W.P.A. was carrying its peak load of 
project personnel. Resignations and reasslgnments caused the number 
of workers to vary somewhat during that period, but it is significant 
to note that the "peak load .day" of the Connecticut liV.P.A. program 
fell almost exactly in the mid-point of the period from January 1st 
to March 31st. That "peak day" was February 20th, when there were 
29,154 workers on 923 W.P.A. projects. 

On that same day, there were 655 addl tonal workers on 
Federal projects o 

- 1 - 

As the pro^'i'am had been gradually built up to this peak, 
so the process of contraction has been a gradual one. Project 
personnel has been reduced with several major considerations in mind: 
(1) possibility of reassignment to other agencies, notably the Public 
V/orks Administration; (2) limitation of new assignments to going 
projects v/here workers have resigned or have been transferred to other 

agencies; (3) selection of workers to be retained on a basis of 
comparative need; (4) recognition of efficient work. 

Since such factors as these affect the pi-ocess of reduction, 
that process has been a gradual one. The National Administrator set 
June 30th as the date by which the W.P.Ao project rolls shall be re- 
duced to 20,400 woi-'kers ; it is the human element involved which has 
made it inhuman to consider a policy of hev/ing "to the line, let the 
chips fall where they may." 

The following table shov/s "relief loads" by towns in 
September, 1935, and the "work project loads" as of March 30, 1936, 
and May 15, for those towns. The relief load figures as of February 
1936 are given to indicate the propor t ions of this problem in mid- 
winter. The Febru£iry relief figures include September cases and 
are for contrast with the September figures.-, These February figures 
indicated the localities of heaviest relief losids, and in consequence, 
influenced the schedule of reductions. (For example, the May 15th 
ouota made no provision for reductions in New Haven W.P.A. projects; 
on the contrary, tliat Ma^^ 15th cuota allovred an increase of 28 workers 
over the March 30th figure of 2653, the reason being the consistently 
heavy relief load in that city. 

Case Empa V/PA 

Loads V-WA Quota 

mm HAVEN CO. Sept^Febo Mar, 50 May i5 

Towns 1935 1936 1936 1956 


Case Empo V/PA 

Loads VJ'flP.A, Quota 

Sept.Febo Mar, 30 May 15 

1935 1936 1936 1936 

Ans onia 









Beacon Falls 







































E, Haven 





























































East on 





Kevj- Haven 









284 , 

No. Branford 










Noo Haven 













Mew Canaan 









New Fairfield 
















































She It on 





W. Haven 




















2 r 

Case Emp, \Wk 
Loads ITPA Quota 




Mar .50 

May 15 







































E, Haddam 






E» Hampton 




























Eo Granby 

Old Saybrook 





E. Hartford 






Eo Windsor 


























East Lyme 












Grot on 





NeviT Britain 














Rocky Hill 







Nev7 London 






No« Stonington 





So, Windsor 

Norwi ch 






Old Lyme 





?/. Hartford 







Yj"ind.s or 

Ana Are r 





Windsor Looks 












• 3 






















East ford 




























_ — 


































New Hartford 





Thomas ton 

Nov: Milford 












No= Canaan 

















Case Emp, WPA 
Loads V/PA Quota 
ScptoFeb. Mar, 30 May 15 
1935 1936 1936 1936 


































_ — 












































































































- — 





























































— . 


211 Projects Corapleted 

As rodtictions in the niunberof Connecticut WPA project workers 
to 20,400 is being carried on, other questions relating to WPA employ- 
ment may be chronicled hero. 

At the beginning of April there had been completed 211 work 
projects which represented federal expenditures of approxiKiately a 
million and a quarter dollars. These completed projects v/ere apart 
from emergency flood reclamation projects, some of which are still in 
operation. The largest classification was in the road and street con- 
struction category, including farm-to-market roads, which totalled 67e 
There were completed also 27 projects for painting and repairing school 
buildings, 25 miinicipal sev/er construction jobs and 22 municipal park 
and playground improvement projects* 

In the course of the prograhi the Connecticut administration saw 
that it was functioning to a marked extent as a business in which "the 
employee attained success when he works himself out of his job". There 
has been a persistent flow of project workers from WPA jobs to private 
employment; a check made on May 20 reveals that 1,679 workers had left 
V'JPA projects for other emplo3rment . 

The actual figure is undoubtedly larger since several hundred 
quit project jobs without assigning any reason. 

Re-emiploym.ent in private IndListry of project workers was as 
follows by district: New Haven, 830| Fairfield, 375; Hartford, 474. 

■ H o Labor Shortage I n To bacco F ield 

During May the administration was charged v/ith having created 
a shortage of labor particularly handicapping Connecticut's tobacco 
grovj-ers. The accusation prompted the WPA depai'tment of labor to con- 
duct an inmiodiate and thorough investigation. After a canvass of the 
tobacco industry In the state, the labor report stated that there could 
be found only tx-ro specific cases of workers refusing tobacco field jobs. 
The first was a WPA foreman in Massachusetts who would not move to 
Connecticut for ',2 per day for a 54-huur week in tobe^cco fields. The 
other case was reported to be that of a WPA project v/orker, already 
transferred to the Public V/orks Administration, who had decided to stay 
on the PWA job. 

The consensus of opinion among the 13 largest tobacco grovifing 
firms ?;as that there was no help needed at the time. One firm v/antod 
12 to 15 workers (pay ^2 per day unskjlled; v2.50 slicilledi transport- 
ation furnished}, and another wanted 150 v/orkers v/ho must be 18 to 20 
years old (pay £^2.25 for a 9-hour day). The report noted that several 
of these firm_s bclioved that the Civilian Conservation Corps had drained 
Its source of supply. In the case where adult workers virero needed, the 
V/PA labor division assigned workers from, its transient camps* 

Resignations of project workers and ro-assignmonts to other 
agencies ot cmploym.ont have been of some help In effecting quota re- 
duction. Such vacancies on projects no longer receive now assignments 
of viforkers unless ro-asslgnments are vital to the efficient continuance 
of the project. 

Another, moans of x'educlng personnel has been the discontinuance 
of some projects where feasible. It v/as stressed by the deputy adminis- 
trator that discontinuance of projects does not mean cancellation, but 
rather a concentration of available V/PA man pov/er on some projects i^/hich 
had already been operating. 

"\7e are also providing through the Works ; 
Progress Administration educational j 
courses for thousands of adults where- ( 
ever there are competent unemployed > 
teachers, and through the I'ation;il Youth { 
Administration funds for part-time em- ! 
ployment to help deserving young people I 
to earn their vm.y through accredited j 
colleges and universities in all parts of I 
the United States" .-From The President's'! 
Address at Temple University, February ! 
22nd, 1936. ! 

iJLJf M-^ H,.J '-^^ JiL 1. J i -^ Viy LL nIl 

Tlie probloi'i viltli v/kich the Federal ivories program hr.s boon 
concerned has already boon described as one of "iincinployod resources 
and imcmployed men" » This condition v/as combatted by a branch of 
W,P.A. activity in a field in which the "unemployed resources" were 
idle schools and potential piipils (for this was a program of educa- 
tion in which attendance was volimtary), while the unemployed persons 
were Connecticut teachers - over eight hundred of theu - eligible for ' 
places on WoP=A. projectSi . • 

The voluntary co-operation of potential pupils vras obtainedj 
March enrollment figures for the Connecticut program tell an eloquent 
story. The total enrollment at Connecticut's four federal colleges 
was 743 and 203 were in the vocational training courses s The general '-'' 
community center programs had 8,154 registrants during the same 
month while 1,441 follovved the general adult educational classes. 

This phase of the Federal works program offered an excellent 
opportixnity for projects on which WPA and rJYA workers could engage 
co-operatively. There have been employed on the teaching and siiper- 
vlsory staffs of the entire program 881 persons j this figure includes 
64 NYA v/orkers who were chiefly recreational and community center aides. 
This program was a continuation and development of work inaugurated in - 
1934 under the provisions of the Emergency Edu.cation Program. At the 
beginning of this year the WPA took over and carried on a five-fold 
program, comprising: community junior colleges, adult education and 
recreational centers, vocational training schools, prison rehabilitation 
and nursery schools. The subject of nursery schools will be enlarged 
on in a later issue of "Work In Progress". 

The timeliness of the comrnencomont season determines the first 
place Vifhich is given hoi^e to the subject of federal coiimiunity colleges. >/ 
There were four of these: I.Iattatuck College, VVaterbury (which also 
offered evening extension courses )j Hartford Federal College at the 
Mary Mo Hooker Building, Main Street; New Kaven Civic College, Dwight 
Street, and Stamford Community College. In each case the schools re- j.,- 
ceived cooperation from local boards of education and libraries for 
student reference work were provided through the facilities of local 
public libraries. Civic buildings (generally reconditioned gramiviar 
schools) vi;ere used v/hcrevor possible in this phase of the program as 
in most of the others. 

- 5 - 

An important test of a college program Is the breadth of its 
curriculum. As an indication of the scope of these federal colleges, 
the curriculUiii of studies offered at Hartford Federal College is in- 
teresting. Study courses included: economics and economic history; 
introductory biology, social sciences, physical sciences, literature,, 
composition, journalism and poetry appreciation! history of western 
civilization, American history, American and municipal government, 
harmony and music appreciation; practical art and art appreciation, 
public speaking (under Dr. Kenry Ke Denlinger, director of Hartford 
Federal College); psychology, hygiene, physiology, comparative religior 
and criminal law, calculus, geometry, accountancy, chemistry and physic 
Italian, German, French, and Spanish, 

Approximate attendance at the Hartford College was reported 
by Director Denlinger as 16 per class «. The extra-curricular activities 
of the school were representative of the community college program. 
There were a dramatic club» a discussion forum, an orchestra, raodern 
language societies, and an athletic association, the last of which 
was directed by a member of the Hartford public schools' physical edu- 
cation boards ; 

The surprising inclusiveness of the course of studies and 
other activity plus the entirely voluntary attendance by pupils v/ho 
realize that there was little hope for college credits from this pro- 
gram accounts for the enthusiasm and the general esprit de corps which 
has evoked comment from guests at commencement activities recently helc 
The general plan of operation was a "study area" policy which grouped 
a student's work in correlated fields of study representing society, 
the Individual, natural sciences and mathematics, literature and 
languages 9 ^ 

Vocational training programs were carried on in Hartford and ^. 
New Britain, at , .. Brown School Annex at the capitol city, and 
in the reconditioned Lonroe School in the latter^ An impressive thing 
about these programs was the fact that class members' ages ranged from 
16 years to the half century mark. Courses wore given in sheet metal 
v;forking, air conditioning, show card lettering, salesmanship and 
business training, building construction and blueprint reading. There 
was a total enrollment of 135 in these courses. While classes were 
carried on, several of the pupils received .jobs in the fields of their 

Arrangements were made to have pupils in some of the courses i^ 
observe actual demonstration, on Saturday mornings, of the commercial 
application of the principles studied in the classroom«, A new course 
in the retouching of photo negatives has recently been added to the 
curriculTjjn at Hartford, This addition to the study field is character~ 
istic of the plan of courses since every course has been in a practical 
field in which there is need of trained workers* Also, of the class 
enrollment of 35 in salesmanship, approximately 60??i have been placed 
in private employment since the course began. Manual crafts have made 
up the program at New Britain, where the city has provided the machines 
which are essential to a thorough course in woodworking* The furniture 
is completely constructed, under WPA Instructors, and skillful, 
delicate wood carving has been done, . 

The cooperation of the state has also been enlisted in the 
WPA's project for the rehabilitation of covmty jail prisoners. One 
phase of this viov'k. has been t]ie employment of investigators to assiat 
in the readjustment of discharged prisoners to the end that they may 
find proper places in society after dismissal from jail. Another phase 
of the program has enlisted the cooperation of local boards of educa- ;■ 
tion to carry on programs of instruction v/lthin penal institutions. 
Libi-ary and recreational facilities are also provided through this 
pro jecto 

Classes are held in such subjects as arithmetic, ■ spelling, 
English, law, history and civics, modern foreign languages and sciences, 
The library and recreational aspects of the work have afforded op~ 
portunity for the inriiates of the institution to cooperate in the pro-' 
grama In somie, cases this educational project has been the first op- 
portunity for men to learn how to write their own names and to do siams 
in addition* In other cases men are fitting themselves for re-employ- 
ment so that the phase of the project first discussed they may 
not be flotsam and jetsam of society after dismissal. Educational 
motion pictures are provided and five days a week there are resumies of 
news event Se 

Community centers are taking to the out-of-daors at the present 
tim_e. They leave a winter's prograr:i of valuable contribution to their 
localities. The centers have been located at settlement houses and 
comrflunity houses alreadjr established, as well as in the schools vfnlch 
were staffed in the evenings by V/PA project workers o 

In the larger cities of Connecticut a definite problem has 
been met through this means o Classes in adult education have been a 
part of the recreational project's work. In centers where there is 
a high population of foreign-born residents, classes in literacy and 
citizenship have been conducted. In one family six children who are 
now grown and who have been educated in the city school system, are 
delighted spectators of their mxother's studies. The woman has sturdily 
insisted on preparing her class assignments unaidedj the result has 
heen that she displays all the more proudly the gold stars received 
for excellent class work. Here coiorses in citiaenship have furn- 
isned valubalbe discussion matei'ial for the youngster and cannot 
help but make them more conversant with American laws d The case 
is representative of the results of bringing together unemployed 
resources and unemployed men in the field of educatlono 

Recreational programs have also heen held in the after- 
noon for chJ-ldreno There have been handicraft groups and group play 
activities, many of which came to a climax in outdoor May festivals. 
The surrmier program is being conducted principally in playgrounds, 

^ WO R i< i FfpROGR ES S 

Vol. I. June., I9.^.^• 

Compiled by the Division of Information of the Works Progress Admin- 
istration for Connecticut, . State Headquarters, 125 Mtmson Street, 
Hew Haven. 

» 7 „ ■ 

Connecticut State College, located at Storrs, gives one the 
impression of being an almost self-contained comruunity. Set In a 
large-scale natural amphitheatre, rimmed about by the Mansfield hills, 
the college buildings are grouped on a campus which is the base of a 
giant bovi/l. Up the sides of this bowl cliirib the farm fields and 
grazing lands v/hich ai^e often open air laboratories for the student 
body of 800, It is among that student body that strident aid pro- 
visions of the National Youth Administration have helped 194 young 
men and women to continixo their studies* The monthly payroll of 
these N.YbAo workers, in the yoar just concluded, was |2,050o 

Undergraduates v/hose need for assistance has been determined 
by faculty advisors are enabled to ecirn a maximujii of i^20 and an average 
of §15 per month through part-time work of a nature beneficial to the 
college program, providing that such ITeY.A, jobs do not displace 
students from jobs for which provision has otherwise been made. The 
vjorthwhile nature of IT.YeA. workat Storrs is attested by mechanical 
construction, laboratory testing, aid clerical help which have increased 
the facilities of the college, and in several cases, have proved of 
decided value to the State at large-. The student's work is often 
a. practical application of his major study field. 

One K.YoA, worker conducts laboratory tests on samples of milk 
from Connecticut cows; by thj.s m.oans a thoroLigh check is made of dairy 
herds in the State department of agriculture's fight against mastitis. 
Herds may be tested by field v/orkers through the Bromthymol Blue tube 
process; after such tests, saiiiplos of milk are tested again in the 
State College laborator'y for a final check to eliminate diseased cows. 
As these are replaced by sound heifers, the State Is assured pure 
daix'y products. 

The pou.ltry division of State College, too, contributes to the 
well-being of the State through laboratory oxporimonts made possible by 
the N.Y.A, stiidont-a-id program. One such experiment is conducted on 
fresh eggs v/hich, cracked in the course of handling, are sent to 
the college. Each egg is candled to estimate degree of freshj.icss» 
As density of albumen is a primary gauge of egg freshness, the re- 
sults of the estimate can be verified accurately if the egg shell 
is cracked open and emptied onto a largo sheet of glass so that the 
height of the albumen may bo measured by means of a micrometer caliper. 
Records of such tests enable students to determine the most favorablo 
conditions under which hens v/ill lay. 

The department of zoology is building up a practical library 
of anatomical charts; an N.Y«A« disbu-rsemcnt makes possible the 
carrying on of chart-m^aking started by a talented undergraduate. This 
v/ork has provided several score diagrams of animial and human systems 
which arc done in colored inks on strips of glazed linen. Those are 
materials of high importance mid of permanent value to classroom 
lecturers. Somov/hat similar are the charts made by N.Y.A. workers 
for the department of modern languages. 

The botanical and mathematics department: have furthered 
their work hy the same means: seedlings are raised binder glass 
by the former, while the latter has effected telescope construction 
and fashlQ.ning of geometric frames v/hich are unique examples of 
skillful wire-vforking. In the physics laboratory, a monument to 
the resourcefulness of graduate and undergraduate N.Y.A. v/orkers is 
the construction of a cahtode-ray oscillograph. By means of this 
mechanism, sound waves are translated into light waves s an important 
phase of the study of harmonics, the testing of instruments, etc* 
The oscillograph "project" has thife in common with the zoological 
chart one: college authorities aver that, la.cking these means, costs 
for both works would have been prohibitive. 

The mechanics laboratory h&s set up new radio-transraission 
antennae of a type which is said to render obsolescent the elaborate 
steel'-towered sending aerials now in general use for broadcasting. 
Likewise, a radio transmission unit has been constructed by NoYfAo 
workers: the whole series of copper units encased in what was formerly 
a steel tool-locker I The variety of work dona by WeYoAe student 
workers on the Storrs campus may be appreciated by contrasting that 
efficient, modern, black~dialed radio transmission unit and its soft 
copper machines with the work at the college stables, where one youth 
has proved himself endowed with both the heart and the hand veqx Ired 
for understanding work with horses* This boy's fitness for his work 
is evident to anyone who can observe him with the colts he has broken 
or the foals of whom he takes cares 

Linen and colored inks, plant life and spirited horses, 
graded poultry houses, stone fences^ roads, radio antennae aid test- 
tubes: the NoYeAo student aid workers fit all of these factors into 
the pattern of college activity e It would be impossible to tell which 
phase of the work has the most ardent student devotee; in the mechanic; 
engineering laboratory, one svjeep of the arm villi Indicate a dynamo- 
meter, current control panel, hydraulic weir tank, and wooden cradles 
for combustion engines; all assembled, ajad some constructed, by these . 
means. There is definite pride in the tone of a boy who tells one 
that a mechanical unit in one corner of the laboratory was salvaged 
from a discarded boiler and reestablished here as a model laboratory 
pump by N.YeA. workers. 

- 9 


iDSs ceiiritcTEcui 

1)1 1 o. 

An Important project of the WoP.A. in this State Is the 
Connecticut Geodetic Survey, Project 1023 cannot, strictly speaking^, 
be "better knovm as the Connecticut Geodetic Sui^vey." The layman 
may find that title Impi'essive, with the impressivenoss of a resound- 
ingly-titled secret society. Y"et there could be nothing more public 
than the viovlz of the 120 men on this pi'oject. Perhaps no other 
W.P»A. project will produce results as long lasting, or more likely 
to affect as ma.ny citizens. 

The need for this work is based on the nature of land itself. 
Land remains while its possessors change o Connecticut land titles, as 
others, contain specifications as to area and direction of boundaries. 
If the surveyor has the lengths of two intersecting lines and the 
number of degrees in the angle made by tlioso lines^ ho can determine 
the length of the third line which completes the triangle. By this 
means, land has been measured for centuries. The only thing the 
su.rveyor needs is a point at ¥/hich to begin his ijioasurements; a point 
over which to place his theodolite. 

Such a "point" is the reason for being of the work of the 
Geodetic Siu''vey Project, and the point about which this discussion 
revolves , 

Old land deed often road like the first paragraph of a 
fascinating legend of pirates and buried treasurp. They define plots 
of ground which are measured oy lines starting from "cross~road" to 
"large tree" or "stone wall" These land measurements are sometimes 
set forth on jellowed parcliment tv/o hu.ndred years oldo It may m.ake 
for a greater atmosphere of the romantic, but time sees the passing 
from the scene of these landmarks. The result is ever-inci'easing 
confusion in property boundary lines. 

To correct this condition and to make Connecticut a peer of 
her neighboring States in this respect, the Geodetic Survey has been 
functioning. The ineans ox removing fv.ture hazards in local land sur- 
veys is the establisimient of permanent "inpnumsnts" in three belts 
across the State. Each monumsnt gives the elevation of its own 
location and is numbered to correspond with an index record on file 
in Hartford* 

A luonument for Geodetic Survey purposes is a five-foot post 
of reinforced concrete with a bronze disc set in the top. The rein~ 
forced concrete gviards against shifting^ the full post is set in the 
ground so that the disc is flush with the surface. That disc becomes 
the permanent point of measurement for future sT:rveysj no longer will 
land areas be confused by transient lancjjiiarks , 

- 10 ~ 

Each monument marks what is known as a "control point," 
and the groups of W.P.A, field workers who establish these con- 
trol points are the "traverse parties," Under a party chief are 
junior engineers, instrument men^ recorders^ rod, chain, and flag 
men, and labor hands. 

The work of the traverse parties is " triangulatlon, " by 
v/hich control points are established by means of measuring angles, 
mile after mile, across a belt which spans the State, At certain 
control points there are erected trlangulation towers so that the 
traverse party can always have a visible point whose elevation and 
position are known. Each trlangulation tower is built over a monu- 
ment whose disc is already set in the ground. The traverse party, 
measuring and establishing control points as it goes, swings about 
in a circle between trlangulation towers, leaves a permanent track' 
of the metal discs in its path. Then, having served their purpose, 
the tall, stilt-like trlangulation towers are dismantled* The 
traverse party m.oves farther along the belt to v/hich it has been 
assigned® The stilts arise over new control points, and the work 
advances « 

Since 1933 v/hen this work was inaugurated as the local 
Control Survey under the Oivil Works Administration, the project 
has been directed by Professor C* J. Tilden, state representative 
of the Ua S. Coast and Geodetic Survey^ This geodetic control 
work of the W.P.A. project has advanced across the State along 
two belts:- one along the northern Connecticut border, the other 
about half v;ay dov«i, in a girdle spreading from the town of Sherman 
to Voluntowne There will be tv/o transverse "tie-in" belts, one at 
the State's eastern border, the other follov/ing the Connecticut 
River valley. From the control points thus established, surveys 
may be carried on at any point in Connecticut. The Coastal Survey 
has already provided accurate measu-rements for a belt corresponding 
to Connecticut's southern boundary. 

The stilt-like trlangulation towers still stride across 
the State, slov\rly, deliberately, marking their path ?/lth permanent 
control points* In an exposition of the i^roject's purpose (a bul- 
letin to wlilch the pi'esent paper cannot pretend to be more than a 
layman's introduction) the value of ' such permanent control points 
is indicated "in establishing state, county, municipal' and private 
boundaries; in the development of highvirays, reservoirs, public 
utilities; in forestry, topographical, geological and flood control 
surveys, in aerial mapping, national defense, and various other 
public works," 

The headquarters of the project are located at 51 Pros- 
pect Street, New Kaven, At that address in Yale's "Shefftown", 
(the group of scientific school buildings which cover several con- 
tiguous blocks) the Geodetic Survey project conducts every phase of 
its work except actual field trlangulation, A clerical force tabu- 
lates field data on the second floor; in the basement v/orkshop the 
reinforced concrete monuments are "made to order". 

- 11 








Connecticut Geodetic Survey, 



The above map may serve to give sonie idea of how the State 
of Connecticut "looks" to the v/orker on a Geodetic Survey project 
traverse party. The shaded belts roughly correspond to the areas 
in v\?hich the state is being crossed by traverse parties which work 
in between the wood and steely stilt-like triangiilatl on towers. Vi/i th- 
in these shaded bolts are established permanent control monuments 
for all future survey work. There are to bo "tie-in belts" along the 
Connecticut River and the Rhode Island border. 

The Federal Coast survey has provided permanent control data 
for the southern oxtremdty of Connecticut; this Coast survey, with the 
surveys in the shaded areas shown above, will give the state a means 
of accurate measurement for any plot of land to be sLirveyed in the 
future. Even if one or more of the present monuments should be 
destroyed, the system is so coordinated that surveyors can start from 
other existing monujuents and work accurately to a point from which can 
be begun the survey of the land under consideration. 

- 12 - 

\J- (^ >vo-7 

1^ / 








-i V 


:'/*"■ ■ r-'-^^-^'M^ 

Fhc Works Pro6Rcss ADiDinisTRATion 


ATTHcu) IOaly /#!?%. 1^5MunsonST. 


£0) n(\ycVi 

•^ - J. . r\ 


VOL. I ■ HmX, 1936 NO. 7 

Published nicnthly by the Division of Information^ Works Pz-'ogress 
Administration for Connecticut, 125 Munson Street, New Haven, Conn, 

t'lATTl-IEW A DALY, Adiiilnistrator 

Thomas Dodd, Jr., Deputy Administrator 

Robert A. Hurley, Director^ Division of Operations 

Mary M. Hughart, Director, Women's and Professional Projects 
Julius G« Stremlau, Director, Division of Labor Management 
WaM^Duncan, A.ctlng Director, Dive of Finance & Statistics 
Theodore Ec Buell, Director, Division of Information 

Connecticut Work in Progress is distributed to Interested 
persons in the hope that it may convey to them a clear picture of 
those projects and problems v/hich the Administrator and his staff 
believe will be of general interest and importance » 

Obviously the editorial staff of a publication of this 
nature is faced v/ith the problem of attempting to anticipate the 
information which its readers Vifill desires An atterxdant difficulty 
lies in the effort' to interpret the diversified projects, most of 
which have a highly technical side v/hich would be of limited interest o 

In such an undertaking expressions of interest and crit~ 
icism are welcome, as they alone can provide a criterion to 
the nature of information vi/hich shoxild be includedo Praise, it has 
been said, is a soporific- criticism the harsh medicine that affects 
a cure » 

It is in this spirit that v/e request our readers to evaluate 
the publication which we issue. Are there questions of general 
Interest that we might answer in future numbers? Can we revise our 
ideas to m.eet the needs of our readers in conjunction with their 
respective functions in Sponsoring WPA groups? How can we best serve 
the public interest? We would appreciate knov^ing v/hat our readers 
think of us* All conments received by the Division of Information 
v./ill receive sincere considerationo 


"Only a job can answer the pi'obleiii of the jobless man. 

■'Only a ?;a,;-;;;e will increase purchasing power. 

"Only thronai-i work can these peo'ole raake their contribu- 
tion to our national Y/ell~being," 

The above quotation is frora a letter received early this 
month from Administrator Harry L. Kopklns by State Administrator 
Mo A. Daly J in v/hlch announcement of the nev/ WPA v/ork program was 
made , 

Acfdiilnistrator Hopkins sees three major problems growing 
out of wide-sproad unemplopaent and his letter to Senator Daly 
lists them as": ''The suffering, deraoralization and debilitation of 
the unemployed themselves and their f timilles . . . . "The loss to the 
nation' s' business of the pnx-chasing power of the unemployed,... 
"The loss to our economy of liie talents., energies and services 
of the unemployed themselves," 

The administrator's answers to these problems are given 
at the outset of tiiis article. Mr, Hopkins' letter points out that 
continuation of the federal works program is tho government's ac- 
ceptance of its responsibility to: "The unemployed; whose very 
livelihood depends on this program; to the p-abllCj for the dis- 
bursement of its funds, and to those piiblic agencies v/hich tinder- 
take to provic.e projects for the utilization of labor." 

As tho Federal fiscal year closed on Juno 30, there came 
an announcement from Llr. hopkins"'"concerning changes in policy for 
the coming year. Some aro of general Interest and include the os- 
tabli t of pro vailing rates for all project workers, changes 
in tho certification rules, a general tightening up of employment 
standards and closer scrutiny of tho ratio of sponsors contribu- 
tions to fodoral i'u.nds . 

Tho Labor Managomcnt Division in Connecticut has boon 
working on a revision of rates of pay since the now sot-up was 
announced by Washington, and as this bvilletin went to press the 
establishiiient of prevailing rates v/as being completed. The Div- . 
islon of Women's Q.nA Professional projects reconmiended a set of 
prevailing rates for its v/orkors, suggesting scales for rural, 
semi-urban and u}?ban conirriunltiea as had been done in Decem.ber in 
connection wltVi skilled mechanics. 

Establishuuent of prevailing rates does not vary wages 
to any great degree, but d-oes in most instances decrease hours of 
emplo^.Tiiente The changes in monthly rates are where it was neces- 
sary to bring th.e hourly rate to an even figure p rather than deal 
in fractions of a cent, Tv/o pay rates have been set up in most 
women's a,nd professional classifications, so that, in line v/ith 
the \¥PA policy of m.ore efficiency, those in chiarge of the pro- 
gram can select the rate v/hich a. worker sha].l receive. 


New pROGf^AM (CONT'D) 

Prevailing rates were not arbitrarily set up by WPA. 
On the contrary, It was only after a long series of consultations 
with employed groups, and after scrutinizing rates of state de- 
partments and private industries, that the figures were compiled. 
In the so-called "white collar" category of WPA employment there 
have been appro^cimately 110 types of occupations set up -under the 
nev/ program. Many of these have several classifications, for ex- 
ample; recreational leaders, who may be paid the skilled A, B or C 
rate. Then there is a variance of rate according to geographic 
location. To illustrate, the recreational leader in Bridgeport 
would receive one of the three urban rates j in Easton he would be 
given a rating established for semi-urban communities, and in 
Prospect his would be one of the rural rates available. 

In the skilled mechanics division of WPA employment 
there is no radical departure from the past schedule. To avoid 
fractional rates there are instances, comparatively isolated, in 
which monthly payments will be reduced by a few cents. A revision 
upwards would have boon disallowed, as Connecticut is already pay- 
ing the maximum rate per month* 

Under the now program projects will bo prosecuted with 
greater dispatch. Formerly fujids were allocated to the state in 
large amounts, with the Division of Fino.nce periodically setting 
aside sums for individiial projects. Nov/ Washington will earmark 
funds for tho completion of specific projects or units thereof, as 
designated by State Headquarters. This m.ethod will assure comple- 
tion of such projects which in tho past might have been halted for 
lack of funds or because the money was needed on more important 

In tho 1935 program there will bo a closer scrutiny of 
project proposals svibmitted by tho comruunitios, together v/ith a 
greater effort to fit the men to the projects. Indications are 
that with new certification rules there will be sufficient labor 
available to assure more efficiency. 

As to certification, a major change in the WPA program 
now allows this organization to employ any person "currently on 
public relief or in need of relief", pi'oviding such person's need 
is certified "by an approved public agency". A wos'ker whose name 
has not heretofore apneared on relief rolls may only be certified 
as "in need of relief" on a standaKl approved by the State Adminis- 
trator or the regional office. 

- 3 - 

SafcTY Campaign Shows Re^sulis . 

Viforking to prevent accidents t)y utilizing every availa?jle 
means of reaching tlie full man complement of every project, the 
staff of Eugene E. Moore, state Safety Consultant in the Division 
of Labor Management, is conducting an unceasing drive to reduce 
the accident frequency in the WPA. Constant reminders, made 
necessary by the human equation, are disseminated through various 
medlaj first aid workers numbering 800 have been trained and 
engaged in proiects; frequent inspections are made to correct 
unsafe practices and conditions. 

Physical hazards and mechanical hazards require different 
correctional stops, but they have one comrAion arjproach, ' educational 
by nature. By instruction in the correct use of tools, the menace 
of mis\ise, both as rega.rds potential danger to the artizan himself 
and to his co-workers is greatly diminished., By educating super- 
visory employees to recognise safe mechanical conditions, those 
hazards emanating from, the lisage of dangerously unfit equipment 
are greatly lessenedo 

Proper preparation of incidentals to construction," adlierence 
to sane in cxcavatlngi and attention to inviolable 
regulations pertaining to motor equipm_ont, explosives, and sanita- 
tion, all have resulted in a substantial reduction in the frequency 
of the more conmion typos of accident and the resultant lost time « 
The safety section has sponsored safety m.ootings and has dissemin- 
ated posters, bu.llotlns , and correspondence for the purpose of . 
supplementing the contacts between tho section and px^ojects in 
operation. Every m.essage delivered throiigh any of these media is 
designed to be forceful and xmderstandablo to all concernede 

As a result of the intensive campaign, accidents in May had 
reached a frequency of 12*1 per million man hours in contrast to 
Connecticut's high figure of 20 ^.l reached in November of last yoaro 
Considered in tho light of tho nationally established "good" accident 
frequency of 25 por million, the effectiveness of the Connect- 
icut safety Gampa.ign is revealed through the figures givono 

Tho summary of tho section's seven mionths of operation reports 
a total of 2500 rocoiiimonda.tlons for the correction of unsafe con- 
ditions and practices mado by the safety organisation. In citing 
the figure, tho Safety Consultant points the excellent cooperative 
response on the part of supervisors a.nd sponsors « In summarizing 
tho fixnctions of the section tho report says: "Maintaining safe 
conditions and practicos, plus the provonting of Injuries and 
accidents is the objoctivc," liow well the dopartrnont has succeeded 
is strikingly evident upon examination of the recorde 







Farm-to-raarket roaclS; oftentimes neglected In local budgets 
but of supreme Importance to those ivho must transport their pro- 
duce to market, were the object of a drive for the reconstriiction 
and repair of such highways instituted last fall by the WPA. 

Projects totaling exactly 100 in number had been undertaken 
by mid-June when WPA employees had completed 550 miles of con- 
structiouc Work is being pushed forward du.ring the siimriier period 
with an ultimate goal of 2,171 miles proposede Kurnber of projects 
approved and mileage completed by county are shov>rn in the following 
table : 


Litchfield ■ 14 50 

Kartford 13 85 

Tolland 8 48 

Windliam ' 8 83 

New I-Iaven 15 47 

Middlesex 7 , 30 

New London 15 31 

Fairfield 20 _ _.}-l6_ , 

TOTALS • ■ 100 550 

Recreational Program lxpamdeo 

¥i/PA personnel of the state~wide recreational project in the 
New Haven area are assigned to the municipal board of eduication for 
engagement in the summer recreation schools and playgrounds program. 
Operating 19 recreation centers, the establishment has been enabled 
to augment its regu.lar force of 60 workers with 25 V'/PA and seven 
I-IYA employees, permitting an important expansion of the workt 

To the typical prograin, comprising athletics, folk dancing, 
arts and crafts, story hours, drama, games, and informal talks, have 
been added instruction in piano playing and overnight trips to Cedar- 
crest Campo 

The high standard of personnel as regards education backgroujid, 
missionary capability and play-sense have oeen maintained. Those 
staff members asslgh04 by IVPA and HYA have been placed in working 
proximity to the more experienced recreational supervisors. Prom 
its Inception the ultim.ato success and popularity of ttie venture 
have been evident. Attendance of the group, v/hich sliows an age 
diversity ranging from, three-months to 20 years, was 9,000 on 
opening day, July 6. 

- 6' - ' 

Baldwin Parkway Partially Optti 

Opening a new scenic area to the public, providing work 
for unemployed men, and holding forth a promise of increased land 
values in the Woodbridge-Hajuden-Bethany section, Baldwin Parkway 
is serving a triple purpose. 

A current WPA project now has brought to completion four 
and one-half miles of sub-grade along the West Rock Ridge, and tho 
New Haven Park Department, local sponsor, opened that portion 
ready for travel on July 4. It is estimated that more than 3,000 
persons visited the new drive during the holiday week-end. 

Pending completion of the six-mile drive, traffic uses 
a cleared area at the inner terminus of the open portion as a park- 
ing space and turn-around. Here a panoramic vista of the hills 
and valleys to the north and east spreads before the visitor. A 
second vista three miles from the West Rock Park entrance to the 
parkway presents a semi-aerial view of the Maltby lakes and the 
Woodbridge hills , 

Baldvfin Parkway, when completed, v/ill link the city of 
New Haven to Merritt Highway, projected super-way from Nev>f York to 


The Old Town Hall of Fairfield which traces its history 
from pre-Revolutionary War days is being reconstructed and renovat- 
ed under a WPA project. On either side of the building is being 
constructed a new wing to provide offlco space and storage vau.lts 
for the records and archives of the town. 

A room-sized vault has been built in the basement and 

complete vip-to-date heating, plurablng, and electric systems have 

been installed. Accessories throughout the building are of con- 
forming colonial stylo. 

An elm tree in the rear of the left vising, said to be more 
than 150 years old, was found to spread so close to the now sti^uc- 
turo area as to indicate Its removal. In order to avoid destruc- 
tion of the venerable tree, the planners provided a cutout on the 
roof of tho wing. Tho space is' covered by the spreading branches 
in such a manner as to bo unnoticoable to those uno.v/are of its 
existence . 

Terracing and landscaping about tho building constitute 
an integral part of the work in progress. 

Private gifts to the town for tho purpose of reconciling 
municipal building facilities to the growth of tho coirnnimity in 
recent years would have been insufficient to carry out the ambit- 
ious undertaking without the WPA funds of $34, 081, allocated to 
the undertaking, „ 



Emergency nursery schools operating In 14 towns as a W?A 
project are serving to train pre-scliool children of indigent fam- 
ilies in orderly livings A secondary function rests In the parent 
education phase of the program. 

Children in the 29 centers are taught health habits and, 
through understanding attention to individual needs^ are led through 
a period of emotional adjustment often found necessary because of 
environmental difficulties in the home. 

A typical day's schedule comprises health inspection, 
sanitary instruction, dietary feedings, supervised play_, cultural 
training, and mandatory rest periods. Staff members, v/ho are 
chosen from those persons having a basic training in the fields 
of education and hygiene, report rapid progress in many cases, 
emphasizing at the same time the benefit which they themselves 
are deriving from this unusual \vork. 

Informal conferences at the nursery schools, group meet- 
ings for extemporaneous ddsciissions, and m.ore tlian 600 home visits 
each month by teachers and nurses have tended to promote unobtru- 
sive parent guidance. The rounding of the program thus attained 
is instrujiiental in promoting the remarkable degree of interest 
and sxxccess featured by an estimated enrollment of 800 two to foua? 
year old children. 

Filtration Plant Cerlmony Held 

Vi/ith the laying of the cornerstone of the Willimantic 
water filtration plant at Mansfield on 9, people of the tov/n 
saw in prospect the early placing in operation of the new water 
system now being completed by WPA. 

The importance and interest attaching to the unit was 
evidenced by visitors at the ceremonies attendant upon the dedica- 
tiona Principal speakers for the occasion were State WPA Adrain- 
Istrator Matthew A= Daly and Mayor P. J. Larsjiiee of Willimantic, 
who virere accompanied by members of their respective actainlstra- 

Started about a year ago, the plant is primarily design- 
ed to improve the local water supply, removing the objectionable 
featiu-'es as to taste, odor, and appearance. As a secondary ob- 
jective, the plant will provide for an increase of supply to meet 
probable future requirements. 

Technically the plant is knov;?n as a rapid sand filtra- 
tion plant. The ■';|^150,000 unit will have a daily delivery capac- 
ity of 1,600,000 gallons of water free from the vmdeslrable tur- 
bidity which previously has characterized the Willimantic supply, 

- fl - 

WiNSTtD Projk:; DlVEidps Woodland 

Undeveloped, hiLly woodland In the city of Winsted was taken 
over by the municipality'- several years ago when taxes on the property 
remained unpaid over a period of years. The land was not considered 
convertible to piibllc usage and promised to become a burden upon the 
local government unitl, under WPA, the area now knovi'n as V/insted 
Manor was sm-veyed and a portion was grubbed and cleared. Streets 
were laid out and 30 foot gravel roadways were constructed, with 
sidewalk lines established throiighout. 

The manor has been subdivided into building lots v/hlch are now 

being sold to the public at prices just sufficient to realize the 

tax-due amounts. Construction of homos in the tract is limited to 

houses with a minimuirL value of ;;)5,000<, An area comprising one and 

one-quarter acres has been set aside as a park v/ithin the manor. 

Attractive from the standpoint of scenery, building lots in 
Winsted Manor are being purchased and homes are being planned on 
the location, with a fovj already built. The town of Winchester, 
of which Winsted is a part, now stands to realise a full return 
of unpaid tax commitments against the land as well as its :;^3,328 
contribution to the §14,352 WPA project which provided development 
of the lando 

P> A ^^ F P^ ^ i '^ ^v T A D I) '■") r ) 111 A f ") F i r. \ 1 [■) c 

Edward A. ''Big Ed" V/alsh is proving to bo one of WPA's most 
popular staff members. Famous 30 years ago as stai' pitcher of the 
Chicago White Sox, one of only two men ever credited v/ith winning 
40 games in a big league season, Walsh rotirod from, active participa- 
tion in the game in 1916, Subsequently he was a big league scotit. 

Under the \¥PA educational program, "Big Ed" was appointed direct- 
ing instructor of baseball schools. The ^^nusual success attaching 
to his work is attested by figures which indicate that 44,754 base- 
ball-minded youngsters attended his classes bet\ifeon the time of 
his appointment in January and Juno, 

Letters of comriiendation, including one written in Indian sign 
language, have been received from nuiiierous places in which 'Big Ed" 
has appeared. His popularity has boon such that ho v/as the featured 
speaker at a recent school graduation in a mid-stato town, 

- 9 - 




Unseln Plant Pemovls ObNoxious condition 

A type of -undertaking v^hlch does not readily lend it- 
self to public coiiment due to tlie fact that its completion in- 
volves its concGalment is a sewage disposal plant of the type 
Toeing constructed in Torrington as a Y/PA proj>cto 

Only to citizens whose inmiediate concern is the hettennent 
of the municipality does the full valiie of the new three million 
gallon disposal plant become e vi dent . The importance, however, 
from the standpoint of sanitary and scenic betterment is far-reach- 
ing in its effect and will react eventually to the advantage of the 
entire Naugatuck River valley by obviating the pollution of the 
stream and sanitizing sevmge. 

The project was tal-cen over by WPA in November 1935 and 
now is nearing completion. The rack house and sedimentation tanks 
have been completed as have the drying beds. Concrete walls of the 
300,000 gallon storage tank ¥70re poured recently and forms for the 
neighboring digestion tank are in place and ready for concrete. 

Plans for completion of the plant include an administra- 
tion biiilding with offices, laboro.tory, control, and feed rooms, 
and incidental facilities » Final connection of the various units 
and of the plant as a v/hole to the inflow will place the system in 

[^oay Neck. \/acation Enjoyment Assur.ed 

Above the sweeping sandy beach at Piocky Neck State Park 
in East Lyme, the pavilion being construe tod by WPA soon v\flll add 
inmieasiireably to the pleasures afforded thousmids of visitors to the 
park each summer' . 

Supplementing and extending the facilities of the place, 
the pavilion combines attractive architecture and desired utilitar- 
ianism in a striicture characterised by enduring sturdlnesse 

Built in an arc to follovif the shore line immediately be- 
lov; the ledge which provides its site, the building is of native 
field stone with canvas-covered open air decks and is siirmoujited 
by a slate roof. 

Lounges, a dance floor, bath houses and shower, a dining 
room and a cafeteria offer opportunity to rest, to find recreation 
or to dine. The entire plant is so designed as to be conducive to 
a pleasant, restful and entertaining sojourn at one of the state's 
finest bathing beaches. 

In addition to these, extensive parking facilities are 
provided at Roclrj^ Keck and ample clean, convenient plcknicking ac- 
Gommodations are to be had. 

NYA Day Camps Operating • 

Siunmer heat and neediness combining to oppress children of 
various cities throughout Connecticut has emphasized the Importance 
of NYA Day Camps. Adtnlrable success has attached to the operation 
of the establishments during the opening days» 

At Danbury the WIA was able to secure the use of the former 
plant of Camp Hook, CCC_, at Squantz Pond, Sanitary facilities, 
adequate swimming provision, excellent drinking water, and attract- 
ive nature trails were at hand only 10 miles distant from the citye 
The NYA has staffed the place and opened it on July 9 as a summer 
day camp to operate tv/o days each week for children six to 14 years 
of agee 

On opening day 60 children were registered for attendance. 
Required to furnish' only swim clothing and lunch, the young people 
have engaged in a well-rounded program of arts, craft, and nature 
study, recreation, and swimming instruction. From opening hour, 
shortly after nine o'clock, until returned to Danbury at five 
o'clock, the group is under constant supervision of NYA and some 
WPA workers in the ratio of two directors to each 10 children, 

A somewhat different system has prevailed in connection with 
the New Haven Day Camp, the first free day camp in the cityo Opened 
at East Rock Park on July 6, the camp has been so organized as to 
conform with the urban situation of the site. Daily swimmiing 
periods are impossible because of the lack of facilities at East 
Rock. One day each week out of the four days during which the 
camp operates, however, has been designated as swimming day and 
"the group is transported to Lighthouse Park for aquatic recreation 
and instruction. 

The NYA staff of the camp has been supplemented by 30 NYA 
project workers who are receiving beneficial experience in recreat- 
ional Instruction by serving as supervised assistants and by a WPA 
loaned handicraft Instructor. From the 150 registered attendants, 
three boys and four girls v/ho exceed the upward age limit of 14 year 
have been selected to serve as volunteer counsellors » 

A feature of all Day Camps operated by NYA is the reaching out 
into a segment of society usually unreached by other camps virith 
even a nominal registration fee. The intensive need for a summer 
regimen of children of the class reached enhances the valiie of the 
camps and valuable workers in the field of child supervision are 
being developed. 

- 12 - 

NYA Keeps Lif^rary Open 

A recent I\ryA project has made it possible for Aldrich 
Free Library at Moosup to remain open in spite of adverse finan- 
cial circumstances. Forced by restrictions upon state and town 
grants and a small endowment fund to rely upon an annual drive for 
contributions in order to pay salaries and maintenance costs, em- 
ployment difficulties in the Plainfield area this year threatened 
disaster to the institution by rendering the campaign virtually 
fruitless . 

When the difficxilty arose, an I^IYA project providing the 
services of three girls in repairing and cata3-oging books was al- 
ready in progress. Administrative officials after investigating 
the situation suggested an expansion of the project in operation 
to meet the needs of the library. 

The addition of two boys for maintenance functions was 
accomplished and the librarian was given the status of supervisor. 
In addition to assuring the library's remaining open - in fact in- 
creasing the open hoxirs - the new project has served to release the 
librarian from a n-umber of duties which previously limited her 
activity to routine functions and prevented her undertaking the many 
important tasks vito.l to the development of the plant. 

The sole expense to the town under the current arrange- 
ment is for janitorial services and sLich maintenance costs as light 
and waters Thtis the only institution of its kind in the village 
is being kept in operation almost entirel^r the NYAo 

P R oj E CI Pa rag p:a p hs 

EDUCATION A total of 26,085 persons were enrolled in 

the WPA educational prograjn during May, according to Director 
Paul S. Burnham, The enrollment included the following: Community, 
recreational, and avocational centers j 18, 736 1 adult education, . > 
2, 808 1 safety education, 953 1 nursery schools, 723; home economics 
education, 715 j penal education, 710; aviation ground schools, 614; 
federal colleges, 431, 

THEATRE The first interstate production of Federal 

Theatre, with the exception of a brief tour through the South of 
the "Jefferson Davis"' compsjiy last winter, will affect Connecticut, 
Miss Gertrude DonDero, state director reports. The Negro "MacBeth" 
unit will come to this state late in July, it seemed assured at 
press tiiue. The plan is for the company of 200 persons to appear 
at the Park Theatre in Bridgeport for one week and at the Palace 
Theatre in Hartford the following week. 

MUSIC The WPA Operatic Stock company, which originated 

in New York City and played that place with success, appeared in 
Bridgeport the week of July 6-11. The appearance at the Park 
Theatre presented productions of Ernest Toch's "The Princess on 
the Pea" and Weber's "Abu Hassan", attracting sufficient favorable 
comment to bring consideration of a Hartford appearance, Mrs .Ethel 
Edwards J state director of the federal music project, made prepar- 
ations for the company of 30 actors and 35 orchestral musicians. 

- 13 - 

P R O J L C T I ' A P. A.-.;: R A i ■ H :■ l: o i^ i ' o ) 

WRITERS- — Dcslgnocl to absorb c. larr^o nuinbcr of "white collar" 
workers formerly engaged in projects now completed and to give em- 
ployment to other eligibles, the Historical I-Lecords Survey is now 
under vj-ay in the Now Haven and Hartford districts under State Direct- 
or d'ohn B. Derby of the Federal Writers'' Project, Work consists of 
locating, classifying and indexing public and church records, the 
results ultimately designed to px'ove of value to a -vide range of 
persons, chiefly students of history and genealogy, 

ART---Por traits of Generals Pershing and Edwards, Col, John 
H, Parker, and Pvt, Timothy Ahearn, whose promise to "carry on" 
under trying circumstances of warfare earned him citation as an 
ideal soldier, are being painted by the Federal Art Project under 
the sxipervision of Assistant c;.tate Director H* P. Conlon, 
who is doing the portrait of Col, Parker from life. The paintings 
are to be hung in the Veterans' Replacement Office at the State 
Office Euilding in Hartford, 

3UILDII\IG---Griawold High Scliool at Jev/ett City is rapidly taking 
form. Ceremonies attendant upon the cornerstone laying were held 
July 16 with principle addresses delivered by State Administrator 
Daly and Chairman Earl S. Gilbert of the local board of educatlono 
The plant involves three separate V/Pil projects providing construction 
of the building proper, development of an athletic field, ' and a 
drainage step, bringing the aggregate expenditure to JjjJSOO^GOOo 

ROAD Approaching completion is the Forbes Avenue extension 

in the "Annex" section of New Haven* Created from seldom used road- 
way, the new street will extend eastivard from, the junction of Forbes 
and Townsend Aveniies, permitting one-way rerouting of heavy east 
shore line traffic and eliminating most cross-lane turns c. 

AIRPORT Ivleriden Airport field extension, estimated to be 

75 per cent complete, is projected to render the field suitable as 
a regularly scheduled transport and passenger stop. The .|150;,000 
WPA project here will enlarge, drain and resurface the field as 
desired by the sponsor, the State Department of Aeronautics, 

VffiATHER Unusual weather conditions diiring the past month have 

caused no end of concern to WPA officials, particula rly in the New 
Haven area. The excellence of VifPil construction v/as proven^ hov/ever, 
when nui'aorous projects siiccessfully v/ithstood several cloudbursts 
during an eight-day period which s^^:•f a record aggregate rainfall 
of 13b02 inches. Heat v/as less kind because of its effect upon 
men at v/orkc. When the texiaperature ran as high as 122 degrees on 
some jobs, workers viere released to await relief from, the heat wave. 



\l- Kvvo,"?- 

yoL. n 




bm noGREss mm/sTmiON for Lonn, 


A n 



AUGUST 1936 

K0» 8 

Published monthly hy the Division of Information, Works Progress 
Administration for Connecticut, 125 Munson Street, New Haven, Conn, 

ROBERT A. HURLEY, Administrator 

Thomas J. Dodd, Jr., Deputy Administrator 

G.WoCallahan (Regl.Engr« ), Acting Dir.,Div„ of Operations 

Mary M, Hughart, Director, Women's and Professional Projects 
Henry J. Tierney, Acting Director, Div.of Labor Management 
Leo C. Grimes, Acting Director, Div. Finance & Statistics 
Theodore E. Buell, Director, Division of Information 

Charges regarding the use of WPA as a political lever have 
been made from time to time. Protestations on the part of adrninis- 
tratlve functionaries that such usage has not been made and is not 
contemplated have had little effect on the critics. 

The action of former State Administrator Matthew A. Daly on 
July 29, hoxvever, should effectively silence the misinformed group vdio 
have repeatedly ma.intained that WPA was being utilized to promote can- 
didacies and partisan fortunes. 

On that date. Senator Daly led the way for the entire or- 
ganization v/hen he resigned as administrator in order to serve his 
constituents of the eighth district in the upper house of the Connecti- 
cut Legislature. 

In removing the onus which the casuistric public would have 
placed on WPA, the administrator's action shows a sincerity and a 
worthy observance of the principles of the agency that speak for them- 
selves . 

Complete reclassification and reoertification of all 
WPA relief workers has been annoiincod as a phase of the now 
program. Meetings at various key places throughout the state 
are being held to appraise local authorities of the change in 

The change in eligibility requirements, as explained 
at the series of conferences by Miss Dorothea M. Murray^ direc- 
tor of intake and certification for the WPA ar^d Mrs<, Margaret 
P. Miller of the ERG social service division, will involve in- 
vestigation of all relief workers to determine whether their 
need remains in the same degree as at the time of their assign- 
ment to WPA projects. Those whose circumstances have Improved 
to the extent that their continuation in WPA employment Vi/ould 
be unwarranted will be dropped. 

Replacements for those released will be made from 
the numbers of employables who are at present on direct relief. 
In the matter of certification the former rule, which provided 
that only those persons who had received relief betv/een May 1 
and November 1, 1935 might be assigned to relief places, Y^fill 
be supersedec^. by a new provision under which eligibility is 
determined by cuj?rent needo 

It is anticipated that the investigation will reveal 
numerous cases v/herein other members of a family have secured 
private em.ployment, obviating the need for relief worka WPA 
workers in such families will be discharged. 

A new expense to towns will admittedly result from 
the need for reoertification, but it is pointed out that this 
eventually will be more than offset by tlie saving to the muni- 
cipalities in direct relief expenditures. Whereas the cost of 
supporting charity cases has been a recurring one, the case 
investigations will not require repetition, but will be con- 

A supplementary rule open to discussion at the con- 
ferences provides that a certification will hold valid for 
30 days pending requisition of the exiiployable person by WPA. 
In addition, relief workers absent from WPA employment or 
those engaged in private employment for 30 days will require 
recertification before reinstatement. 

- 2 - 

Miss Murray points out that the latter rule will not 
result in de taring WPA workers from accepting temporary or 
seasonal employment, since their reinstatement within quota 
limitations will have a definite assurance in the event of 
recurring need* On the contrary, it is expected tha^ the ul- 
timate result will he the encouragement of acceptancf^. of priv- 
ate employment, even without the assurance of its pei^^nanency . 

The new rvles outlined. It Is claimed by those who 
have attended the conferences, will result in a rapid lessening 
in municipal relief loads. No change in the state WPA quota 
is anticipated. 

The matter of new certifications is to be on a co- 
operative basis, WPA and the ERG working together to aid the 
towns in establishing current eligibility and employability . 
Original certifications to WPA have been on the basis of ERG 
data, and the latter agency will continue a supervision of the 
social service vi^ork entailed. 

Towns receiving the 45 per cent subsidy from the com- 
mission will carry through certification by local social ser- 
vice departments. In the case of towns having a case load of 
35 or fewer, ERG assistants to field representatives will care 
for the certification, and in places having a case load of more 
than 35 and no social service worker or an unapproved social 
service department, the ERG field staff will do the work on 
the request of local authority. 

In its entirety, the new program of recertlflcatlon 
will react to place the responsibility for a local WPA program 
upon local officials. In the event of a local welfare officer's 
failure to care for the reinvestigation foz'' certification, or 
to cause it to be carried out, it is pointed out that a suspen- 
sion of WPA projects in the community concerned will be inevi- 
table . 

The fact tha.t an almost ideal degree of cooperation 
between the three agencies concerned, the Works Progress Admin- 
istration, the Emergency Relief Commission, and local welfare 
departments, will be essential to the success of the new plan 
has elicited some expressions of concern, but on the whole it 
is believed that the many advantages of the plan, together v/ith 
the expressed willingness of all concerned to work together, 
and the promise of a better result than has previously been 
reallzed_, will react to assure the success of this vital ramifi- 
cation of the WPA program for the ensuing year, 

- 3 - 

Gate to Comnlctilutj dm^m5 0?[ 

The YiTPA farm-to-market road program in Connecticut vras 
imdertalcen with the express Intention of facilitating the movement 
of farm products from remote production areas to city markets, 
rendering a permanent benefit while providing the needy residents 
of rural areas with work relief. About a year ago a campaign for 
improvement of the country roads was inaugurated by state WPA 
executives and. In less than a year, 100 projects had been set up. 

A check-up in June revealed that 550 miles of farm-to- 
market ways had been reconstructed. Since that time favorable 
weather conditions have aided WPA crews in pushing forward rapidly 
toward the completion of 2,171 miles as called for in the approved 
project applications. 

Already this season many hundreds of farmers throughout 
the state have been enabled to market their produce more expedi- 
tiously than ever before, receiving premium prices as a consider- 
ation of marketable freshness, and conserving much time formerly 
lost in laboriously transporting foodstuffs to sales areas. As 
time goes on the benefits of the program will become more pro- 
nounced, for a large part of the roads have been virtually im- 
passable during the periods when adverse weather conditions have 

But in addition to these direct benefits a secondary re.- 
actlon is promising to become of almost equal importance. Remote 
reaches of the Nutmeg state which, prior to this time, have been 
practically inaccessible to visiting tourists are now easily ap- 

Scenic beauty spots previously hidden from those -unaware 
of their exls '.ence or those not desirous of attempting the trying 
travel involved have been unfolded to motorists. Alternative 
routes to main arteries of traffic have been provided, carrying 
vehicula.r traffic away from congested highways. In many places 
much mileage has been saved through the opening of more direct 
roads than were afforded by trtmk highv/ays. 

Several of the roads involved in the program date from 
colonial times. Of these few have been accorded a necessary 
amount of maintenance attention during the past several decades. 

The ultimate effect of the nev/ tourist trend which is re- 
sulting cannot be accurately forecast, taut it seems safe to assume 
that more out-of-state motorists eventually will be attracted to 
rural Connecticut to visit, to vacation, to trade, and that they, 
together with the urban motorists of the state, will return hojne 
"sold on" and "selling" Connecticut. . , 

- 4 - 

I'/I'ilPOrfl Prlr c' PO-^* iTDipbony 

OrchoEitra, Pedoinl Irualc Iroloot; 
'IITI' iur»lD In VoToln, Bott Sides, 

m BuilDj HifST ScHooi \n Wkm 

The Beaver Brook section of Danbury had for school ac- 
commodation only a small frame building inadequate for the nuiri" 
ber of pupils attending and deficient as to sanitary and health 
requirements. The Danbury School Committee was frank in its 
recognition of the need for a new building, and equally frank 
in taking cognizance of the fact that the financial condition 
of the town would prevent construction of a new school for some 
time • 

WPA was interested in the project and took up the work 
of building a suitable school. Plans were submitted for a four- 
room brick and frame structure with slate roof. 

The building, 91 by 56 feet, was planned to include com- 
plete sanitary provisions^ plumbing, heating, ventilating, and 
electric systems, and to have a stage,, a library, and an office. 
Excavating, grading, and landscaping comprised a secondary phase 
of the work involved, 

Uow SO per cent complete, the new school will be open- 
ed some time during the coming semester « It will have the dis- 
tinction, it is said, of being the first new local school build- 
ing in about 40 years. 


Numerous WPA projects undertaken since the inception of 
the system have been designed to accomplish a lessening of crim- 
inal operations. Outstanding among such projects is the estab- 
lishment of a modus operandi criminal file at headquarters of 
the Hartford Police Department now under way. 

Classification systems of the type being installed are 
used with great success in a number of municipalities of 500,000 
or more persons and in central criminal Investigation bureaus 
abroad. So far as is known, however, this will represent the 
first effort of this type in any city the size of Hartford. 

Records are searched by the 10 men and women who have 
been occupied with the work since March 4. From the information 
available, criminals of record are indexed according to their 
peculiaralities of operation. When the system is complete, 
reference to the file will yield a limited group of suspects in 
any investigation. 

■ ■ Federal funds of |7,000 toward the total allotment of 
$8,900 have been provided to complete the work sometime prior 
to Jan. 1, 1937. When the new system is placed in operation 
it will supplant the old method of laboriously scanning an un^ 
wieldy and unrevealing file. 

- 6 - 


EW hnLHOUSFTO kftASF Lrncirfici 

Potential danger to inhabitants and property in the tovm 
of Plainville lurked in the inconvenient location of fire depart- 
ment headquarters, so sitxiated as to require the largest of the 
town's three trucks to leave the building in one direction at all 
times, often involving extensive delay in reaching the conflag- 
ration. The inadequacy of the flrehouse was patent, since the 
thi'ee trucks -uvere housed in space designed for only tvi/o , 

With WPA cooperation, town sponsors were enabled to 
press toY/ard completion a new building, suitably planned, to be 
located on Whiting street. The structure noviT tsJking shape is a 
semi-fireproof house, 42 by 54 feet, providing adequate space 
for apparatus, firemen's quarters, and essential appurtenances. 
An interesting and economical advantage rests in the fact that 
sand excavated for the basement of the two-story building Is of 
high quality for concrete work. 

Exorcises in comioction with the laying of the corner- 
stone weve held July 18 with to\-/n and WPA officials pa.rticipating. 
Since that date progress has been rapid and the placing in service 
of the new building should eventuate v/lthin a comparatively short 
period of time. 

Exceeding in manifestations of interest the expectations 
of those in charge of the program, the interest classes In avic>.- 
tion ujidertaken as a phase of the WPA educational project have 
successfully prepared a number of students foi" further trainingo 
Several youths are currently engaged in courses of flight in- 
struction predicated upon the basic work in the schools . 

Sponsored by the State Department of Education in cooper- '> 
atlon with the State Department of Aeronautics, the courses con- 
sist of three series giving basic infomiation in course A and 
more advanced instruction in courses B and C, The scope of the 
cl'asses is such that completion of course B is designed to qualify 
the student to pass written examinations for limited commercial 
pilot and course C for transport pilot license » 

In addition to textbooks and lectures, use has been made 
of motion pictures loaned by the Army Air Corps. A peak enroll- 
ment of more than 600 students was reached in the 11 schools and, 
as a result of the enthusiasm shown by the attendants, most of 
the classes are being continued during the summer.. Several youths 
are carrying on the v/ork by mail and through individual instruction 
during the s"ummer season. 

Supervising the project is Lieut. -Col. Victor W. Page, 
aeronautical and automotive and aviator. Personal con- 
tact with the classes has been maintained constantly by Aviation 
Commissioner Charles L. Morris. 

- 7- 

mm 5?mQ5 No LoncER'THhTATEfi 

Motorists are by now well aware of the Improvements being 
wrought in rural sections of the state through the reconstruction 
of roads, particularly those designated as farm-to-market roads. 
Less attention is usxially given the many Glty streets throughout 
the state which have suffered the need of resurfacing for many 
years, and which now have been rendered excellent through WPA. 

In New Haven, George Street between Hov/e Street and Derby 
Avenue and Norton Street between Derby Avenue and Chapel Street 
were so heaved, pitted, and rutted, that operators of vehicles 
having business in the vicinity avoided travel over the streets 
except in case of absolute necessity. 

Repairs to these streets appeared virtually impossible 
of realization until the local Board of Public Works was able to 
secure YifPA cooperation to the end of removing old pavement, trolley 
tracks and ties, resetting curbs, installing new catch basins and 
concrete sub-base, and resurfacing with bituminous asphalt over a 
length of 4288 lineal feete 

The project, now completed, has provided the neighborhood 
with excellent highv/ay at a total cost of $154,285, more than half 
of which has been borne by the Federal government. 


Whether the mosqiiitoes of the present day are as large 
as their ancestors at the turn of the century is of little con- 
cern. Let those who choose to argue the merits of the "good old 
days" talk of the great humming insects if they will, the fact ' 
remains that of recent years the aggressiveness and numbers of 
the nocturnal visitors have not diminished - or had not diminished 
until labor designed to Interfere v/ith theii-' hom.e life was under- 
taken o 

Taking up work started under other relief agencies, 
WPA has prosecuted the myriad persecutors of men with the will to 
sleep - has driven them, from their breeding grounds- has hounded 
them into comparative extinction in many areas. 

Recognizing the mosquito's need for water as 
a repository for eggs and subsequent development through the lar- 
val stage into the aerial singer with his poisor.-ous proboscis, 
the theory turned into successful practice has I'evolved about the 
elimination of stagnant waters. Ditching and drainage of salt 
marshes and fresh water meadows, repairs and replacement of 
riparian controls whose faults created still water deposits, and 
the improvement of water outlets In a largo number of the 123 
points selected for the work have already been marked by aston- 
ishing improvement. 

Smelly insecticides have become passe in many areas; 
futile slapping is an evanescent pastime, scars evidencing a 
mosquito repast are loss common; and sleep, sweet sleep, is un- 



^2 1 / 

I osoLito CoiT^rol "aloni 
Qulrminlac Rlve->^ at 
SouthlngTior— — Atov*, 
Pefore Left, Prolect 
in Cceration ^elo , 
'^orr?l'= d '^ontT'ci 


w Move Forwar 

The four Federal Projects which have recently taken 
new quarters at 63 Dwight .Street, New Haven, for their respec- 
tive state staffs, have as their primary objective the relief 
employment of white-collar ¥/orkers in the fields of fine arts, 
music, the theatre, and i/vri tings. Over and above this function, 
however, each is creating something, and giving to the public 
at large a contribution to the "fuller life''. 



! \ 


'NT I 

I ( !H L_ / 

Connecticut's Federal Art Project, with Wayland W. 
Williams as State Director, has been responsible for the execu- 
tion and placement of a large number oi' v/ldely diversified works 
in the field of fine arts. Schools, libraries, hospitals and 
similar institutions have been enabled to present excellent 
artistic displays through the cooperation of the project. 

In the impressive setting provided by the developing 
beauty of New Haven's West River Memorial Park is soon to be 
placed a bronze statue of Timothy Ahearn, outstanding native 
World War hero. In a simulated trench of limestone will stand 
the 15-foot figure representing tlie youth who has been cited 
as best symbolizing in his courage and heroism the exemplary 
spirit of the famous Yankee Division, 

Already approved by the local park commission, the de- 
sign was selected from a number of plans and m.odels submitted 
to the local chapter memorial committee of the YD Veterans' 
Association. The work of Karl Lang, German-born Stamford artist 
of note, the statue is said by the staff of the project, whose 
funds have made the planning of the work possible, to be a con- 
crete indication of the ability of the creator §.nd of the last- 
ing public benefit inherent in the vi^ork of the I^ederal Art 


m QHim THE [)l.3li:Af^TE"riE[ 

Music — the profession that groaned in the throes of 
its own depression before the great economic catastrophe which 
was visited upon the people as a whole —presented one of the 
most tragic fields of unemployment in the country prior to the 
inauguration of the work relief campaign. Men of highly spec- 
ialized artistic training had been forced by the vicissitudes 
of the times to attempt the most menial of labor. 

- 10 - 

WPA's Federal Music Project has followed a prograra 
designed for the rehabilitation of unfortunate musicians. Un- 
der the guidance of State Director Ethel Edwards the plan has 
evolved into a comprehensive and inclusive group of undertak- 
ings . 

In key locations throughout the state have been or- 
ganized three brass bands ;, tv70 syiaphony orchestras, two dance 
orchestras^, two theatre orchestras, and a concert group. Sing- 
ers and instrumental soloists are given the opportunity to ap- 
pear on orchestral programs. 

How well-considered are the offerings of the project 
is best illustrated by the attendance figures for the various 
presentations which are said to aggregate 250,000 persons. In 
addition to the indoor and open air concerts, theatrical music, 
and institutional presentations, concerts have been offered in 
camps of the Civilian Conservation Corps. 

For the listeners, the entertainment and educational 
value of the miisic project is greatly increased by the nature 
of the program offered. Works of unquestioned worth, but v/orks 
within the scope of comprehensive enjoyment of a great majority 
of members of the audience, go to moke up the programs o 

In a day when the cares of evei'yday life have so bur-- 
dened the people, a day v/hen so many have forgotten the comfort 
of song;, the Federal Music Project is bringing to them again 
the pleasures of good music, 

rcwcoMFfa TO mm rm aidfd 

Work of the Federal Theatre in Connecticut as regards 
records for the nximber of persons employed, box-office receipts. 
and experimental presentations have drawn the attention of 
national trade journals as well as of state papers, Pviblic 
reaction to the vau.dcvillo enterprise and to the children's 
theatre have been equally favorable. 

But a less direct accomplishment of the Theatre, less 
well known, is of vital importance and prom.ise. New plays by 
new Connecticut playwrights have provided vehicles for three 
of the five premieres presented by the project under State 
Director Gertrude Don Dero. 

- 11 - 

"i/'/u the ring Heights", by Randolph Garter, an adapta- 
tion of the Bronte novel; "Fancy That", a first effort of 
Foster Furculowe; and "The Devil of Pisa", an episode in th§ 
life of Shelley, all drew producers' scouts to New Haven and 
held forth the j^roinise of coiranercial production. Scheduled 
for early production are two additional "native" scripts: 
"Cellini", a chronicle in verse hy Joseph Walsh, and "Glacier", 
Russell Beckwith's play set in a Connecticut mill toinm. 

Tradition once esta.blished Connecticut as a desir- 
able field for Broad¥;ay try-outs j as a market for stock re- 
vivals its statiis has been t;nqiiestioned. Now, through its 
Federal Theatre, it is gaining impetus in a movement to raise 
and nurture new talent in drama-writing. The- invitation 
from the Director is sincere and succinct. In £ubsta.nco it 
says, if writers of tliis state have merit, we will give the 
fullest cooperation in presenting their work", ■ 


Few publications in the United States have ever been 
devoted to municipal parks, although there are nimierous hand- 
books treating national and state recreational, preserves , At 
the instance of the New Haven Park Commission this deficiency 
is now being corrected in the city by a force of workers from 
the Federal Writers' Project of the WPA. In prospect is the 
extension of the undertaking to other large cities of the state 
and the possibility of coordinating the material gathered and 
of supplementing it v^/ith infonaation on small-tov/n parks to 
produce a guide to Connecticut municipal parks-s 

Under the direction of State Director John B. Derby 
and with the cooperation of Park officials, the project super- 
visor has prepared an outline manual of such scope as to in- 
sure the inclusion in the finished handbook of full descrip- 
tive, historical, and statistical information, as well as facts 
bearing on features, activities, and points of interest on each 
vinit of the New Haven Park system, and of a comprehensive sur- 
vey of the department itself. 

It is proposed to illustrate the guidebook v/ith 
the new photographs and artists' line drawings of the more at- 
tractive or representative features of the parks » Field work 
on the handbook ¥all be completed by mid-fall, eliminating the 
need for field trips during Inclement v/eathor. 

In addition to its usage for the New Haven Guide, 
which will be published with local funds, and the projected 
state-vv-ide guide, the material collected promises to be of 
value in rounding out Writers' Project files of this type of 
information . 

- 12 - 


MYA KrARiNG Capabii \Nmm 

The lost genera.tion of the da7--those youths v/ho, through 
no fault of tlielr own, have heen deprivod of the ediicatlonal ad- 
vantages and the comrLercial experiences to fit thera for jobs - 
presents a probleLi fully as vital to the future of America as do 
the older gi'^oups of men and women who have lost their standing in 
the workaday world. The contrast between the two categories rest 
in the fact that, whereL.s the older people have had an opportun- 
ity to build experience J, have secured training which should re- 
admit them to tlieir fields when the emergency has passed, these 
young people have been hold immobile in a state of unproparedxiess 
for lifoo 

The Natloral Youth Administration in seeking to place 
funds for the continuation of education in the hands of the youth 
of the nation, has by design opened to many of the boys and girls 
engaged in the program the oiDportixnity to gain a knowledge of 
fields for wliich they have a natviral aptitudes C-rasping the op- 
portunity, a number have formulated a basis for fu.ture careers. 

A nujr.ber oi young people have been engaged in a labora- 
tory project at the Muw Haven Bureau of Plant Quarantine of the 
Department of Agrlcrilture . Basically the v/orlc has consisted of 
gathering insect lam^ae, preparing them for storage, and aiding 
in the study and recording of the various sta;-:'es of developm.ent 
of the parasites. 

One boy engaged in the v/ork was noted devoting his spare 
moments to ske telling the work at hand. Encouraged in this, he was 
event'Lially given an opportunity to try Ms hand at the drafting 
involved in prepar'ing the charts, graphs, and Illustrative matter 
connected with the studies. His woi--k has been so satisfactory 
that iriA officials belitjve ho will one day be able to secure em- 
ployment in the drafting field, possessed of experi'..nce essential 
to the successful v/orker. 

A youth assigned to the Federal Writers Project as an 
aide v/as given minor research tasks by the supervisor. When his 
viTork v/as placed, in the copy basket it was found that his thorough- 
ness and understanding of the needs of the project v/ere the equal 
of that shov'!ni by som-O experienced v/orkors. 

Becomxing eligible for WPA emplojnient^ ho v/as recommended 
for assignment to the writers pro j -set b;/ the supervisor, and v;as 
subsequently given important v/ork to do. Slowly, under the gviid- 
ance of his supervisor, he is being trained for professional writ- 
ing and is gaining a knov;ledge of readable, comprehensive script 
preparation which should fit him for a future in some allied field. 

Only two examples, but these are indicative of the work 
being done in encouraging youth of the liYA, in training them for 
3.1fe, in farming to flame the latent spark of aptitude v/hich they 
posBBss. Case histories, those, but something more; the story of 
tho sal.vago of a lost goncration, 

- 13 - 

:)nn,r..^ D 


CHIEF-- Robert A. Hurley of Bridgeport, engineer and former 
contractor, was appointed Connecticut Works Progress Adminis- 
trator July 30 to succeed Matthev/ A. Daly, resigned. Begin- 
ning his connection with WPA as director of District 3, Ad- 
ministrator Hurley subsequently was advanced to the post of 
director of the Division of Operations after outstanding 
service in charge of WPA relief v\?ork during the spring floods, 

RECORD-- Cited as a record accomplishment by Director of Pub- 
lic Works Jolin M. Golden^ Court Street between State and 
Church Streets In New Haven, was completely repaved by 32 WPA 
workers in four and one-half days. 

SURVEY-- Operating in Bridgeport since March 10, the WPA traf- 
fic survey has recently completed the first phase of its pro- 
gram, comprising the assembly and coordination of local acci- 
dent reports for the past three years. Data iuclxided, together 
vdth field traffic analyses, will enable the local traffic 
safety coBTiiilssion to move toward reduction of accidents. 

PROFIT-- Information obtained by WPA v/orkers employed on a 
nationwide project for the examination of Income tax returns 
has resu.lted in the discovery that |i5,373 is due the govern- 
ment from Connecticut residents. 

FAIRS-- In the spirit of a report to the people, the Connect- 
icu.t WPA has arranged to display samples of work, photogra- 
phic e:vhlbits, and similar material at a number of fairs this 
season. In every case, it is planned to show fair visitors 
what has been done in their neighborhood. 

BUGLES-- Portland youngsters will have the opportunity to par- 
ticipate in the functions of a drum and bugle corps, recent- 
ly announced as approved for a WPA educational project. Spon- 
sored by the local Parent-Teacher Association, the movement 
to organize boys and girls of the tovm into a musical group 
carries the approval of local service organizations. 

JOBS-- Surprised to find none of her pupils present at a 
scheduled WPA vocational class in power sewing machine oper- 
ation at the Monroe School, New Britain, the instructor under- 
took to determine the reason for the blanket truancy. Inves- 
tigation by the director revealed that the entire membership 
has secured jobs in local factories, qualifying on the basis 
of their training. 

- 14 - 

'Sc ^ 

^ r9 3 6 



(UfQ, \ 




PR O G R fl m 






SEP T E W 1^1 R/Xl 936 









Number 9 

Fublishcd monfhiy by the Division at Information, Works Progress 
Administration for Connecticut, 125 Munson Street, ^4ew Haven, Conn. 

■ '•■■^v -■ •-"■■■■■ ROBERT A. HURLEY, AdmSnisfrafoB' 

Thomas J. Dodd, Jr., Deputy Administrator Henry J. Tierney, Acting Director, Div. Labor Management 

C. W. Callahan (Regl. Engr.), Acting Director, Div. of 

Operations Leo C. Crimes, Acting Director, Div. Finance & Statistics 

Mary M. Hughart, Director, Women's and Professional Theodore E. Buell, Director, Division of Information 


THE Works Progress Administration this month 
swings into its second year of activity, with a new 
administrator in charge of the Connecticut unit of 
this nation-wide work-relief program. Recently at a press 
conference Administrator Robert A. Hurley set forth a 
seven-point program under which he will operate, the 
"platform" of the new chief executive meeting with imme- 
diate and universal approval and commendation. 

Mr. Hurley made it clear that one of his chief aims would 
be the prompt payment of project workers. Words were 
soon followed by action. At press-time came a report — 
and only one of many in recent weeks — that 1,508 WPA 
employees whose pay was not due until September 8 were 
being paid of? on September 4. This action made it possible 
to have workers in possession of paychecks as they ap- 
proached the Labor Day week-end, and more than 20 of 
them personally telephoned and wrote the district office 
and state headquarters to express their appreciation. 

At the present time, reinvestigation of the status of 
workers, with a view to elimination of those employees 
who have acquired outside incomes since first being assigned 
to WPA projects, is under way in every town and city 
in the state. This recertification process, in which iio 
worker will be overlooked, is. expected to create new places 
in WPA ranks, places for others who have been recipients 
of direct relief, but who would prefer work to idleness. 

Recently the WPA sent questionnaires to mayors and 
selectmen of Connecticut's 169 towns and cities, in which 
these officials were asked to express their opinions con- 
cerning: (1) work as compared with the dole; (2) whether 
worthwhile work is being done by the WPA; and (3) 
whether there is further work which WPA could do. 

Replies were nearly unanimous in answering Question 1 
in the affirmative. WPA was supported almost to a man 

by the officials answering the second and third questions, 
thus properly discounting ridicule and other criticism 
aimed at the work-relief program. 

The records of WPA accomplishment are too impressive 
to melt before the heat of inspired and fiery attacks and 
unfounded whispers. These records, published from time 
to time by open-minded newspaper editors, show that the 
work of community improvement goes on, uninformed talk 
to the contrary. 

As the second year of WPA activity gets under way, 
there are some very definite accomplishments to which 
this work administration can point, regardless of ignorant 
criticism and ridicule of the idea of work-relief. For 
instance — 

Repairs have been made to 107 miles of city streets. 
WPA has completed repairs to 585 miles of rural roads. 
Replacing cracked, uneven sidewalks is a major WPA 

Already completed are 23 recreation fields, with 75 more 
under way. 

Nursery schools are caring for 687 undernourished chil- 
dren every day. 

Women on 49 sewing" projects have made 320,000 garments 
for use by needy families. 

—And also of importance is the fact that 20,000 men 
and women, idle due to conditions beyond anyone's control, 
have been given an opportunity to do an honest day's 
work for a real day's pay, this work supplanting the dis- 
tribution of food in bags and baskets . . . and meanwhile 
your community has gained some much-needed improve- 
ments ! 




Regardless of anti-WPA prmpagaimd'ai amdl 
cut's town and city goveiniiimPTtts aare (aroerwl 
Progress Administration pFagiaamiL Alnmicist 5m 
munities in this state have Esspoimdisdl to cjmestiii 
at New Haven, and their resportises E^we mmdlneatte(i 

Each responding oificiiail amsweredl tlnree qjoHeslLiiiiiiiu 

(1) Is work the proper imetJlHidl Qif uniieettiiiiig ItBie 
pared to the dole and idleiiiess? 

(2) Are we doing usefiail ■wjtife unmdsr ttHne "W 

(3) Would there be ussfml TMwrk. ye* to Hue 
WPA program? 

Question 1 is answeredl im tks affijimirn!- imf) ttBi 
tive by all responding, tumam urSioRills 
except two. N. D. Camt1tsrte!nry„ ffinstt 
selectman of Union, admits ffraifr Bus gsB- 
fers the dole to work for pisrscms oiirai 
relief roles. "In my opfmiiamij™. lis Be- 
gins, "the dole and idleness is ttEreEieWter 
method of meeting the isEann^llciiyiiiiienntt 
problem." Georgina I>aviid!s„ eiirraiHajMS- 
sioner of public welfare fcnr tt&e te^sam 
of Greenwich, says "no" tci trlke qji^EiriQam- 

But read some of the reasaams ■raEny 
every other official pref e!ES W/<iHrEr to tfe 

Andover: "It helps a msm err w, i,Hiiiin,m 
to keep his self-respect."" 

AsMord: "Most of otbt 
are anxious to work for 
than receive 'something, fenr EBcrttEmimig"..'" 

Bozrah: "There is ai pEnysaEsil! mrwiB 
moral benefit obtained that!; iis im* irmro- 

Canaan: "The dole or eniiiHiEE^ iidiEe- 
ness has a destructive naS&er nfcrm ^ 
constructive quality." 

Chester: "Yes, far prefiaEaEife."' 
Cromwell: "It is better fcnrtfisniHiHTdEE 
of the men . . . communiities EoeCTwe 
something of lasting val'iie im cetamm'" 

Derby: "It permits the ihid&iidlnrf Hsb 
retain his standing in the csmmsmmH^.'." 

New Canaan: "I have always Been! a^ 
posed to the dole as work tsit^ to ^ks&Tgi 

to frT}T<=' cfiBm iilkaji-yn (CGnnumectiii- 

im feroonr rf ttte Wmrfcs 

GjjSmciaLlIs (mff ttlie tr^mm- 

ssDrtt (DnMlt %■ fliE WPA 


Isnm as cffinni- 


liSOBeST A.. HUBitEY,, AAin,iiirr,islhra,toir 

)jrmiiL&: "TT&e i n^iw JI ctjh rf seBff- WftiMim a wsek rf ass Frrniiiiiig sficEe ^ 

SttaitiE WH"^ Adkmmiiifflsftirattaiar Matfeerlt 

&- ETinndley toxink gECEc iiiliiwa steps to 

stju,ti?iii'g1flV<=^Tin ttEce irscGi^imii2)e(3 ^w^^sfe gKinintts 

Ij^ims- "Tks toranns asmd ditties gea "^ HM ^mmTiTjA sm^ jwaffiiEy % emiP moailtTimg 

EEStEM £a)r tffliHir mfflmeyJ" a^wsiii-pAitft g)irBS'raBii ffenr ttfa gmfamcce 

- -^ Quit ailill Jiiuidijjiue sjgjeiralttQiini^, 

IT&e ISnsit Gnff ttEis s:ev^m jr wiririTrntt ^ gDinrifw^ 
ttoB fe m pHedfee nattHDtar frBira™ am effaartt 

WTr<!!sgs^^:'"Mmmm:Uswm^!!!^^^^s^S^ ^ oannre(rtti<!Hm„ ffor itt praimmses ".nam- 

ffainr dMfeir..'" ttinimirf (Bi><ii5jsjrati(Mn witlli Stlaite anci liMal 

SmntiMi Wiimsism:: "'A *fc TOsmilld! oniiilw irefcff ccSifeilk.''' 

J, .. ™, ._^ „ „ ^_ „, JJiOElulaiVimmg; d!a!sellv?„ grniiirgs aim miaistt- 

mnsdfe amu ndHfe Ito* oratt cEf Itfism. emiDe '-^fiatt sMle amfl EeixEai msffiirf Q«oaIs 

Im am ffm sju iii i i i i g; fegrup-,, itt is gjkmmeiffl ttmi ssxis^ t&eiir iD^piamisiillmBHtty fair ttte ttyjre 

n^mimtt a fes!^ a u a wAaa tts) OiiEesttiamiB 2 ?™<^ dferaritiieMi cuff irefieff pnujerts, ajmd 

-. „ mnjir tBce ireliJieff stiattms aamdl GixjminrgrelteimG:^ cuff 

' wfiinrfeQrs c:srttii^(3! ffaar W/iF'^"' 

,^ _, _ _ _,_. _ TT&s T nFTTniCTmrmTTnTicg TjrGuiijntts mm frltrginr ©irxSor 

W.. S. SsfflferaHEE off IfeB^^, eBaj®x3Sigdl a[te::1teeseanrisS<&e^^srj 

Qiff Uimi^.<jii!»; Qjff ICJH) Bsaaffijig eJritiiesBni^Jfflsrll ■waiitt pffl^-smillll (feDatysi, ttBie 

"< " ^ Ti c u. ji n _jr ^ mpfflitl^ ffanr ftajjW^Ms aamdl ujiiuic=> ut 

]j,d i i ii iii i ra.' in .ij :KH^ atirrfi i. M . iisni i i (!ii nrmgdl taEE: E©- loaife; peirii( 

(jtEGstlas to OQiinres]jtaBmdl -wittEii ireEieff miEedls ; 

eE3al% aHMEHmmmg tifis efaaaste- of fflpffltatliQm rf tt&e pinasra™ as mmmdk mpitEn 

wtndk Bsfctg cam^ssHsSi onafeir WFA. "^ Itaisis mff jsiraidtices araKamg pri-aate 

CGumttEandtGiirs as pto^siiliiille ; anmdl itlhe aiwamll- 

TTlie iiiUaguEtty am^ gfeuiaaauffiailt aliiiJlEtty to ttlite porsss aimdl juaMic alt ailUl 

maefeifagHS off ttte <c5tly ™i®|eGtta miS.A **?5^- "^^ ^°f mmf mnimrttiffl.m ass to qoKOttas, 

J, r IL^ ■m,,.ji r psmnoes, aiiaia! uipeiaiiaKiiiiiiiS. 

Eiawe Beeam ag;pE»e^ %■ ttfee Fedeaall •miA &ms. spHritedl pmimmiamceraieimlt. 

(SoOTsnEECtffliiifL tteedl hq) agaldgy Euviuim nEiie mew Adlmmmisttiator fa*; imaiciigmiraiteiiS 

ttiie secamdl year ©f WPA ttpeirattiioim. 



Connecticut is in the throes of a 
building boom that promises to exceed 
any prior activity and presages a short- 
age of skilled labor as millions of 
dollars are poured into construction. 
A recent survey shows that construc- 
tion of one and two-family dwellings 
leads the way in the present move 
where in our last boom the public was 

Contractors and builders report in- 
creasing difficulty in finding men with 
the knowledge to adequately handle the 
jobs available. Mortgage money, which 
has been in hiding, is seeking sound 
investment in ever-increasing amounts. 
Individuals, who realize that the turn 
has definitely arrived, are losing their 
previous hesitancy as they discover 
that current funds for sound building 
programs are available and the im- 
merioc increase in building permits 
issued throughout our eastern cities 
is definite proof of the trend. Bureau 
of Labor Statistics figures reveal that 
building construction in Connecticut, 
based on permits issued in 26 Con- 
necticut cities, increased 181.1 per cent 
between the first half of 1933 and the 
first half of 1936, or, from $3,720,199.00 
to $10,459,267.00. 

Thousands of skilled men such as 
carpenters, masons, steel men and other 
tradesmen and mechanics are leaving 
the WPA daily, to meet the demand 
for labor in the construction field. A 

glance at any current large city news- 
paper will reveal almost continuous 
classified ads offering jobs for this 
class of worker at daily wages ranging 
from $5 to $12 with an assurance of 
continuous work in view. The com- 
plaint has been heard from time to time 
that good mechanics were refusing to 
leave relief rolls. This is an absurdity 
as any man now on relief would at all 
times prefer private employment al- 
though full credit is given to the WPA, 
which has made it possible for these 
men to live and earn as well as keep 
their skill in the varioiis crafts when, 
due to conditions in private industry, 
they could not have done so. 

The men who have had the advantage 
of work as a result of WPA efforts 
can take pride in the accomplishments 
in all branches of activity as the results 
are two-fold. First, the men have been 
able to maintain their skill in their 
crafts instead of becoming rusty and 
out of practice. These men might be 
compared to fine tools or equipment 
which if left idle are bound to de- 
teriorate and become useless, while, if 
kept in good, active condition at all 
times, will render long and efficient 

The second point is the fact that the 
work done by these men under the 
auspices of WPA has been of a truly 
constructive nature and has given our 
country lasting improvements. 

Dramatization of Sinclair Lewis' best 
seller "It Can't Happen Here", an- 
nounced for simultaneous . Federal 
Theatre production in twenty-eight 
cities, will be presented by the Bridge- 
port unit October 20. Mr. Lewis is 
expected to take part in work prelim- 
inary to production. 

WPA is making more than 105,000 
public improvements throughout the 
nation, whil;- the dole would accom- 
plish nothing. WPA dollars do double 
duty. In addition to maintaining 
workers and their families, they also 
leave sound values in public improve- 

Metropolitan newspapers estimate a 
substantial increase in gainful employ- 

* -k 

Start has been made by Writers 
Project personnel on a history of WPA, 
designed to record the entire story of 
the program. 

•k -k ■■ .. _ 

The United States Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey states that the govern- 
ment program for making topographic 
maps of our huge country has been 
advanced 165 years due to employment 
of engineers, from relief rolls. 

Portable Marionette Theatre Touring 
Connecticut Fairs 

A revival of the popular Punch and 
Judy shows of a generation ago has 
been staged by the WPA Recreation 
Division of the Hartford Park Depart- 
ment with the presentation of a new 
marionette theatre which, during 
August, made a most successful tour 
of the city parks. According to James 
H. Dillon, Supervisor of Recreation 
for the Hartford Park Department, the 
marionette show played to more than 
9,000 children and adults in eight days 
last month. 

The marionettes were designed by 
Alwin T. Nikolais who operates them 
with two assistants. From time to time, 
the presentation is changed and the 
current play is "St. George and the 

The marionette theatre is mounted on 
a truck chassis, the theatre closely re- 
sembling a circus wagon with gold and 
green tints setting off the white over- 
all paint. It is electrically equipped 
and its own switchboard controls the 
operation of the lights and the curtain. 
The theatre has an amplifying system 
to carry the operators' voices through 
the marionettes to the audience and, as 
a unique feature, the incidental music 
required for the performances has been 
recorded on phonograph records that 
start and stop at the essential moments. 

The puppets themselves were made 
by Mr. Nikolais and have been per- 
fected to such a degree that their 
actions are practically life-like, some 
of the tiny characters even opening 
and closing their eyes at the will of the 



■4 •" 

Sewing Project To 
Clot-he Sfat-e Wards 

Various state institutions will shortly 
receive articles of clothing made by 
workers on WPA women's projects if 
plans now under way with the State 
Welfare Department are consum- 
mated, it was recently announced by 
State Administrator Robert A. Hurley. 

Many of the institutions to whom the 
offer has been extended have stated 
that the clothing will be more than 
welcome. The clothing available for 
distribution will approximate 320,000 
individual articles produced within the 
last ten months by the 49 WPA sewing 
room projects. In the past, clothing 
produced on women's projects has been 
distributed through local charity de- 

The Town of Greenwich, Connecti- 
cut, is forging ahead under a WPA 
program bringing to the town many 
improvements which have been needed 
for years, as well as giving employ- 
ment at a living wage to persons on 
relief rolls. One of the outstanding 
projects is the filling and grading of 
two acres of low land directly in the 
rear of the playground at the Old 
Greenwich School. This improvement 
has been sorely needed for a long time, 
as the land being improved has been 
a source of possible danger from con- 
tamination. In conjunction with the 
work of filling and grading, 30-inch 
drain pipes are being installed to carry 
off surplus water and waste. 

when WPA was started three 
and a half million destitute men and 
women were taken from the humiliating 
futility of relief and put to work on 
100,000 useful public projects in a few 
short months. 

. . . WPA has financially aided 88,000 
students in 46 colleges and 11 graduate 
schools and 11,000 students in 177 sec- 
ondary schools. 

. . . Library Extension Projects of 
WPA have served more than 1,000,000 
homes in all sections of the country. 

NYA Student Aid Program 




ry Worker at Storrs College Doing Research for Checking Spread 
of Bovine Mastitis 

The student-aid program of The Na- 
tional Youth Administration will be 
resumed in October with an allotment 
of funds approximating last year's total 
expenditure of about $210,000. A pro- 
gram of aid will be operated whereby 
needy young people attending high 
schools, colleges and graduate schools 
may earn, through part-time work, 
sufficient money to defray costs of car 
fares, lunches, and other incidental 

Last year the NYA extended aid to 
1,905 high school students and 1,070 
college students. A tbtal of 1,700 young 
people were given part-time employ- 
ment on NYA projects and 266 on 
WPA projects. Private employment 
was obtained for 763 students through 
the junior placement service, bringing 
the total number aided to 5,704. 

A slight change in the administrative 
rulings for this year's program makes 
it mandatory that all students receiving 
aid be required to do part-time work 
for the funds received. Last year, in 
isolated instances, students who were 
unfitted for available work, or where 
the problem of transportation had to 
be considered, were given aid without 
work being required. 

Traditionally in this country, needy 
students have obtained part-time em- 

ployment with private employers. Dur- 
ing the depression such jobs, however, 
became scarce and the number of per- 
sons seeking them greatly increased. 
Therefore, the NYA is temporarily 
taking the place of the part-time em- 
ployer with its student-aid program. 
The NYA itself does not select the 
workers. It was early decided that such 
selection was no proper function of a 
Federal agency but, rather, should be 
delegated to local school and college 

The NYA requires that such officials 
make the aid available only to those 
individuals who would otherwise have 
to leave school, or, whose finances are 
so severely straitened that their ability 
to profit from classwork is seriously 
impaired. The work varies from assist- 
ing in libraries, compiling bibliog- 
raphies, and cleaning storerooms, to 
improving school grounds, and control- 
ling traffic at nearby street crossings 
at dismissal periods. 

In general, the tasks assigned college 
students have been closely related to 
student courses of study. Some workers 
have constructed laboratory and scien- 
tific equipment. Others have assisted 
in departmental research and still 
others have been assigned to leadership 
duty in nearby social agencies. 




JTt- "VJ&.-u 

f^ Mi. 

Construction of New Addition to Englewood Hospital 

Swimming Pool and Bathing Pavilion, Beechwood Park, 
West Hartford 

Construction Work, New State Police Barracks, Hartford 

Citywide Sidewalk Project at Meriden 

\/^-Ttf| ' ff' 


Si'i* '■ '-^-"ill 


BROOKLYN k^t ^'^f^'i 

Repairs to 550 miles of firm to market-iroads had been completed July 1st by the WPA in Connecticut. Above are seen 

a few typical projects. 




APPRECIATED^ SERVICE pgymouth Farm Roads Beauty of Old Houses 

WPA Band, Conducted by Henry Busse, 
Draws Immense Crowd, Proving Popu- 
larity of Old Fashioned Open 
Air Concerts 

An ambitious WPA farm-to-market 
program in the Town of Plymouth un- 
dertaken last fall proposes the improve- 
ment of 50 miles of road. Through the 
months since spring weather conditions 
permitted an earnest assault upon the 
impassable roads, the work has gone 
forward and seven miles of excellent 
highway is now complete. 

The "paying public" may well ask 
whether the improvement will prove 
permanent and effective. The answer 
lies in a basic consideration of the 
extensive work, not at all common to 
rural road construction, which has been 
carried out. 

Preparatory and construction work 
includes: the cutting of brush, earth 
excavation, rock blasting, installing 
culverts, masonry work, placing gravel, 
and grading and shaping slopes. 

All year 'round, the resulting roads 
will furnish easy access to towns and 
main routes to the farm population 
of the area. 

Among the most interesting easel 
work undertaken by the Federal Art 
Project in Connecticut is that done on 
the project called "Portraits of Old 
Connecticut Houses" painted by Al- 
bertus E. Jones of South Windsor. 
Mr. Jones is said to be one of the finest 
landscape painters in the state, and the 
particular work he is doing for the 
WPA is probably the most significant 
accomplishment in a long career of 
easel painting throughout New Eng- 

Of old New England stock himself, 
his understanding and love for these 
old landmarks has given the project a 
series of beautiful color studies, strong 
in form and character. The houses are 
fast disappearing, and these portraits 
v;ill make a lasting record in color of 
the essence of Connecticut's past, the 
rugged homes of a strong people. 

The paintings will be placed per- 
manently in a public building in Hart- 
ford and the series will be kept intact. 
The accompanying photograph shows 
the artist's conception of the oldest 
house in Connecticut, located in Wind- 
sor. The painting is 25x30 inches, done 
in oil on canvas. 

Lights shine again upon many a Con- 
necticut park these evenings, for that 
grand old American institution, the 
town band concert, has returned. 
Usually held in a former day on the 
green, square, or common, it attracted 
from the surrounding countryside those 
who found in it the associations to in- 
duce happiness, fellowship, and joy. 

With the coming of modern times, 
the band concert passed but, like all 
good things v/hich may seem to have 
died, the band concert of old is under- 
going a resurrection and a transforma- 
tion, from which it promises to emerge 
more glorious than before. 

Perhaps in a modern music shell, 
perhaps on a bandstand of another day, 
perhaps even upon a temporary plat- 
form, the musicians assemble, place 
their chairs, and tune their instruments. 

A director steps before his group — 
a group not long since desperate in 
adversity, now assured of livelihood 
and the opportunity to render a service 
through the program of the WPA Fed- 
eral Music Project — and there pours 
forth the beauty, the joy, and the uplift 
of good music. 

Will Connecticut towns welcome this 
part of their lives, so long missing? 
Music — good music — in the form of the 
modern band concert in the square, 
is theirs for the asking. 

House Built in 1540 by Lieut Walter Fyler Reputed to be Oldest House m State 

Located within 100 yards of point where first Connecticut settlers established 

camp at Windsor 





igi6M>-ig»gfe!JAiaJ»<.a.a a<rtfe..u.'a^ iy^^^ 

Lsg. ttew 




lOBERT A. HURLiY, Admmisfirafoir 



OCT.O:BfFR>NJ 93 6 


2? "^1 



Volume 1 

OCTOBER, 1936 

Number 1 

PublisJied momfSiily by ihe DiVisiota of ImiformaJ'ion, Works Progress 
Admimisi'B'at'ioii for Goinueci^ieiiii', 125 Mysisoei SJtreet', New Haven, Comn. 

ROilRT A. HURLEY, AimmhUsi^m 

Thomas ). Dodd, Jr., Deputy Administrator 

F. J. IVlayo, Acting Director, Div. of Operations 

Mary M. Hughart, Director, Div. of Women's and Profes- 
sional Projects 

Henry J. Tierney, Director, Div. of Labor Management 
Leo C. Grimes, Director, Div. of Finance & Statistics 
Theodore E. Buell, Director, Division of Information 

'W'N the face of urgent cries for the "speed-up" of 
i projects sponsored by the Works Progress Ad- 
ministration, consideration should first be given 
to the damage to private employment which the 
replacing of men by machinery has already in- 

As winter approaches, a decided upturn in gen- 
eral business conditions is noted in Connecticut as 
well as elsewhere throughout the nation. Industrial 
plants in the cities, as well as mills in Eastern 
Connecticut communities, are flooded with orders 
and in many cases working in two shifts. The con- 
struction business is almost flourishing. Stores are 
reporting larger gross receipts. Yet unemployment 
remains in sizeable form, and for a long time there 
will be a need for work-relief to thousands of 

Roger Babson, noted financial writer, recently re- 
ported that industry has reached normalcy but he 
was immediately challenged by readers who quoted 
unemployment figures. In an ensuing article Mr. 
Babson proved his point concerning the industrial 

pickup, turning then to the increasing demands for 
efficiency through the use of more machinery. 

As an example, Mr. Babson pointed out that the 
installation of new strip steel mills have revolution- 
ized the steel industry, making it possible for 125 
men to turn out 2,000 tons of steel daily, a task 
which ten years ago, without this improved ma- 
chinery, would have required the services of 4,500 

No sound businessman will deny that, fully 
equipped with machinery, some WPA projects 
could be prosecuted more speedily. But it must be 
remembered that the primary object of WPA is to 
furnish employment to needy heads of families, the 
secondary — and only secondary — motive being to 
bring about much-needed and worthwhile com- 
rnunity improvements by their labors. 

A scraper on an airport job could replace many 
men, and a steam-shovel would under normal cir- 
cumstances be preferable to hand labor. But these 
men must be kept at work rather than on the dole. 
WPA hires men, not machinery. 



NYA Summer Ac- 
tivity Left: High 
school youths gain 
practical forestry 
experience atCon- 
necticut College - 
sponsored Arbore- 
tum Right: Youth 
leaders operate 
free day schooJ 
for under-privi- 
leged youngsters 
in New Haven. 


The National Youth Administration 
is setting out on its second year in 

It v/as established nationally with a 
twofold purpose: to benefit youth in 
schools and colleges, and to provide 
work for heretofore neglected young 
people who, because their farralies had 
come upon hard times, could neither go 
to school nor find jobs. Since the pro- 
gram is a comparatively small one, the 
latter class is restricted at present to 
members of families on public relief, al- 
though it is realized by those adminis- 
tering the youth program that the de- 
pressing effect of continued unemploy- 
ment is by no means confined to those 
on relief. 

The program set up for these young 
people is one of work. It is by work 
that high school and college students 
earn the money that enables them to 

continue their education. It is by work 
that those not in school are aiding their 
hard-pressed families. The Youth Ad- 
ministration makes every effort to see 
that none of these gets something for 
nothing. This underlying principle is 
thoroughly sound and fundamentally in 
accord with the American tradition of 
the pioneers. Youth must once more 
face a frontier. But it is not this time 
against such tangible dangers as were 
concealed in the virgin forests — In- 
dians, wild beasts, and uncleared soil. 

The new frontiers are perhaps no 
better defined than were the limits of 
the primeval wilderness. But the fun- 
damental qualities of pioneers — level 
heads, courage, knowledge — are still 
needed to face a ne-w world. 

Youth has not lost these qualities, 
but the failure of business to provide 
normal outlets for youthful energy has 

put them in danger of being submerged. 
It has been the experience of the NYA 
that young people want to work, and 
that the satisfaction of a job well done 
is still an impelling motive. 

It is the concern of the NYA, not 
only to provide a work relief program 
to tide youth over the lean years, but 
to preserve these qualities, because, in 
the words of the President: "We can 
ill afford to lose the skill and energy 
of these young men and women. They 
must have their chance in school, their 
turn as apprentices, and their oppor- 
tunity for jobs — a chance to earn for 

Accomplishment of the NYA in 
Connecticut during the year are 
summed up in a booklet recently issued, 
dealing with the program for 1935-1936. 
Anyone interested may obtain it by ad- 
dressing Thomas J. Dodd, State Direc- 
tor, NYA, 125 Munson Street, New 

Tj - p 

«\-' [^^1.^, 

1 ^ 

NYA activity is not limited to one type of work. Left: Boys learn best by doing; under Goodwill Industries, nearly 40 
young men are serving useful apprenticeships. Center: Two kinds of conservation shown here-r development of new insecti- 
cides for corn-borers, and development of young people to serve useful purposes is here illustrated. Right: Girls at Connec- 
ticut College do useful work, allowing their instructors more time, and learning, as they work, the value of precision and 



Education in Prisons Sci 
is Valued by Inmafes 

Educational work among inmates of 
six county jails was taken over as the 
Penal Education Project of the WPA 
in mid-December of last year. In the 
spring, the project staff extended the 
program to furnish similar educational 
advantages to residents in two WPA 
work camps. 

An average weekly attendance at 
classes conducted by 11 project em- 
ployees has been recorded at 4,389 and 
an average of 996 library books have 
been circulated weekly. The program 
includes: reading courses, personal 
counselling, individual tutoring, news 
broadcasts, discussion groups, calis- 
thenics, recreational classes, elementary 
scholastic instruction, and American- 
ization work. 

By turning the minds of the inmates 
to healthy, beneficial pursuits, it is felt 
that a definite improvement in the fit- 
ness of the men is being fostered. By 
keeping the men busy, it is believed 
that they will find neither time nor de- 
sire to plan other than law-abiding 
careers upon their release. 

The familiar cry of "coddling" can 
not be raised in connection with the 
project, ■for it is obvious that men of 
limited education do not find classroom 
work simple. Their rehabilitation is 
held out to them as a major inducement 
to engage in the program. To the men 
themselves is left the decision as to 
their participation. 

Faced with the disadvantages of scep- 
ticism on the part of both jailors and 
inmates at its inception, the progress 
of the project has gradually accom- 
plished a noticeable change of attitude. 
Its effect upon the lives of the men 
promises to be far-reaching. 

ifes Jobs Awaif- Graduates 

Statue of Domestic Schools 

® Women working on sewing projects 
in Connecticut, have produced to date, 
426,429 garments for distribution to 
needy families and state institutions. 

e Weekly concerts, played in the 
music shell at Bushnell Park, Hartford, 
draw a weekly attendance exceeding 
10,000 persons. 

e Over 4000 persons attended the gym- 
nastic exhibition at Pope Park in Hart- 
ford on August 5th, enacted by a group 
of young gymnasts trained in the out- 
door gymnasium. 

'Triumph of Death" to be placed in 
State Armory 

Art Works Are Glv^n 
to Pybla€ iyifdings 

• With the reopening of community 
centers new activity will include classes 
in lamp-making, moccasin making, glove 
making and other arts. 

Salvatore M. Milici, WPA sculptor 
of New Haven, has donated his statue, 
"Triumph of Death," to the 102nd In- 
fantry, Connecticut National Guard. 
The statue will receive a place of honor 
in the Goffe Street Armory. 

In many municipal and state-owned 
buildings there are now on display 
murals, oil paintings, and other art ob- 
jects, produced under the direction of 
the Federal Art Project. Not only have 
the directors of the project been able 
to fill a large number of requests for 
special pieces of art decoration, but 
they are also able to offer public insti- 
tutions a selection from smaller works 
of art. Their permanent contributions 
are being made to the decorative scheme 
of many publicly-owned buildings and, 
at the same time, artists, unable to find 
a market for their professional wares, 
are enabled to carry on in their individ- 
ual fields. If these men and women, 69 
of whom are on the Federal Art Project, 
had been forced to desert their voca- 
tions and turn to other means of earn- 
ing a livelihood, there is no doubt that 
much of their skill might have been lost 
by the time they returned to their 

Aiming to prepare young women 
properly for employment as maids in 
private homes, the Works Progress Ad- 
ministration is financing the operation 
of a number of household workers' 
training classes throughout the state, 
actual supervision being under the 
Emergency Relief Commission. Re- 
cently three classes were "graduated," 
and each of the SO trainees, residents of 
New Britain, Middletown, and New 
London, was immediately engaged by a 
private employer who had looked into 
the course of training given and seen 
the young women actually at work. 

Under competent supervisors, groups 
of young women are trained at model 
homes for a period of eight weeks, per- 
forming all household duties. A feature 
of the training course is the occasional 
visit of distinguished guests — city or 
federal officials or visitors from the 
local YWCA — at which time a full 
course meal is served by the young 
women. At the end of the eight-week 
period, trainees are certified as compe- 
tent household workers. 

The projects training these young 
women are intended to raise the level 
of the type of work done, removing the 
so-called stigma of being a domestic. 
In some foreign countries, notably the 
Scandinavian countries, domestic serv- 
ice is an honored profession, entered in- 
to only after competent training. In 
England, a butler is a respected member 
of his community. 

© WPA is given credit for carrying to 
completion three important highway 
projects in North Stonington, in the 
annual report of L. C. Purtill, super- 
visor of Highways and Bridges for that 

Mr. Purtill states that "these roads 
were entirely rebuilt, all old stone cul- 
verts removed and corrugated pipes 
placed where needed." He adds that 
"we have several other roads we would 
like to rebuild if the WPA continues." 
Elsewhere in the annual report of the 
town it is disclosed that the Charities 
Department spent $36,693 last year and 
it is estimated that only $24,000 will be 
needed during the present year. 

e September WPA payrolls in the city 
of New Haven alone amounted to $156,- 
632.31. Surely most of this money was 
kept in circulation. Certainly the $40,- 
842.25 spent by WPA during the same 
time for materials aided merchants who 
under direct relief received no such 




City 'Wide School Rep 



34,000 Desks Repaired, Many B 

When school-opening days rolled 
around in Connecticut last month, the 
youngsters found many physical 
changes in the buildings and rooms to 
which they were assigned. For during 
the summer, when their thoughts were 
farthest from the three "Rs" many 
WPA skilled craftsmen were hard at 
work making much-needed repairs in 
the Hartford educational system. Simi- 
lar programs were also instituted in 
other cities. 

Several of Hartford's schools were in 
the flooded areas last spring. Others 
were used to house flood refugees and 
also had to be renovated. 

At the Hooker School, where the 
flood waters reached beyond the sec- 
ond floor, the building has been par- 
tially rebuilt, while at the Lawrence 
Street School new toilet facilities have 
been installed to replace the present 
primitive and unsanitary system. New 
drainage systems are being installed for 
the Batterson Athletic Field at the 
Weaver High School to overcome a 
condition which perpetually left soggy 
ground for days following rain. New 
tennis courts and enlarged parking 
facilities for faculty members are being 
provided at the Hartford Public High 
School. Here, too, extensive roofing and 
other repairs have been made. 

A request by the Southwest Parent- 
Teacher Association, for a new library 
room has resulted in the provision of a 
room and furniture for this purpose 
adding attractively to the school's facil- 

uildings Renovated and Painted. 

Thirteen schools have been painted 
by WPA and within the same program 
34,000 pupils' desks and chairs have 
been completely refinished. In addition 
to these major improvements, minor 
work such as repairs to sidewalks, 
blackboards, floors and walls were in 
the program. Widespread favorable re- 
action on the part of the public to wor"k 
of this kind is distinctly noticeable, be- 
cause direct results and savings are 
easily understandable to those inter- 

Yankee Thraft Shown 
by WPA in 


Construction of a building largely 
with materials taken from a demolished 
building is a well-known way to prac- 
tice thrift. WPA at present is using 
bricks which have been salvaged from 
the National Guard administration 
building at Hartford's Brainard Field. 
The old bricks will be cleansed and 
shaped for the new construction. 

The practice of economy is foremost 
in the minds of project foremen, but it 
seldom comes to the public's attention 
as in this case. True, further economies 
could be practiced by replacing men by 
machines, as is done in private industry, 
but that step would defeat the purpose 
of the entire Work Program. 

Federal funds built the Keney Park 
golf clubhouse in Hartford. It is one of 
the finest in the East, one which Super- 
intendent of Parks George H. Hollister 
has proudly shown to scores of visitors. 
Yet the material cost was slight. Bricks 
were taken from a building demolished 
in another part of the city. 

Actual economies on the job are in 
addition to the economies practiced 
generally, such as the repair of munici- 
pal equipment which otherwise, due to 
budget reductions, would go to rot, 
rust, and ruin. 

9 The Connecticut Prison Association 
is sponsor of a project whereby a sur- 
vey is being made of all recently dis- 
charged prisoners and attempts made to 
assist in future activities. 

Salvaging Materials from a Demolished Hangar at Brainard Field, Hartford 



l';-»iS'gs&..'-«»"ii?te-"'Ji^'--^:-. --■'-gA . , ^^ , , ■ ■-, - 

HARTFORD — Sewing Room, turning out clothing for FAIRFIELD — Blasting through rock in construction of 

distribution to the poor new town road 


NEW HAVEN — State Street, heading out of the city, 

having its wrinkled face lifted 

HARTFORD — The flood ruined this pavement, and WPA 
IS replacing it for the city 

GREENWICH — Stone bridge in Bruce Park, built by men 
who prefer work to the dole 

STRATFORD — Warm homes assured the needy by this 
WPA wood-cutting project 



^eraefal Approval of PfogFaf 
8s Evinced In Ans 

In WPA State Headquarters or in 
one of the district offices, staff members 
often feel that perhaps they have an 
exaggerated or over sympathetic view 
of this whole work-relief program. 

Answers to the questionnaire recently 
sent to mayors and selectmen in Con- 
necticut are refreshing to those in ad- 
ministrative positions. "Are we doing 
useful work under the WPA program?" 
was Question 2 put to municipal offi- 

There were replies from some offi- 
cials who would never credit an effort 
or an idea put forth by another. Some 
officials sanctioned the idea but ad- 
mitted they would prefer to be the final 
authority concerning the distribution of 
jobs. On the whole, however, municipal 
approval of the program is widespread, 
as evidenced by the following replies, 
picked at random from over 100 an- 

Ashfoid: "We have nearly 40 miles of 
old dirt roads which are muddy after 
nearly every rain, now being improved 
by WPA. This work," the answer con- 
tinues, "we could not do with tax funds 
from our small farm properties." 

Ca77aan; "Sorting, classifying and in- 
dexing of town records and bringing 
them up to date will be especially of 

Derby: "We have purchased 88 acres 
which, with the assistance of WPA 
funds, we are developing into a beauti- 
ful municipal park." 

Glastonbuiy: "Not only useful work 
for the present, but constructive work 
which will mean a great saving in the 

Kent: "Not only useful work but 
necessary and is greatly appreciated by 

New Canaan: "Have done a great deal 
of useful work which would have been 
impossible without the program." 

New Hartford: "Assistance to the 
town of New Hartford will long be re- 

Norwich: "Our highway work, our 
sewage disposal plant and our sewer 
extensions are some examples of the 

A settling tank, part of the new WPA-built sewage disposal system at Torrington 

desirability of the work done under 
your program." 

Pomfret: "We are getting better re- 
sults under.this set-up than under town 

Rockville: "In most cases we are 
doing work that could not have been 
otherwise accomplished." 

South Windsor: "We are doing use- 
ful work — storm sewers, widening 
bridges, and general road work." 

Stamford : "Work being done by the 
WPA is useful and when completed 
will be an asset to the city." 

Waterbury: "Some of the projects 
have saved us from serious flood dam- 

Waterford: "Our farm-to-market 
road project is giving the farmer and 
the producer a chance to market his 
produce over roads that heretofore were 
well-nigh impassable." 

® State Health authorities compliment 
WPA for its work in constructing a 
new chlorine sterilization plant at Wall- 
ingford. This is the first installation 
for the purification of all water used in 
the town since the original water sys- 
tem was built in 1882. 

• Reported as being 90% completed the 
improvement work on the State Pier at 
the mouth of the Thames River in New 
London is a notable work project the 
value of which will be apparent by im- 
mediate revenue being derived from the 
enhanced facilities. 

Danbury's town farm, an institution 
which at present is "home" to 65 elderly 
people, has been made safer and more 
comfortable through the efforts and 
funds of WPA. 

A serious fire hazard has been less- 
ened by the installation of a complete 
sprinkler system and additional radia- 
tors, new boiler and pipe housings as- 
suring plenty of heat during cold 
weather. All of the halls and rooms 
have been completely renovated and 
painted resulting in a bright, cheerful 
atmosphere as well as eliminating a 
vermin condition that has been a source 
of annoyance for months past. 

The farm, built to accommodate 85 
elderly people, is a mighty interesting 
place from all angles. The main struc- 
ture contains 100 rooms divided in 
proper proportions into sleeping, liv- 
ing, reading, and dining rooms with up- 
to-date facilities for cooking and sani- 
tation. Most vegetables, fruits, and 
meats consumed are raised on the farm 
property, and a herd of seven cows sup- 
plies milk, butter, and cheese. Over 
250 chickens and 50 ducks answer the 
poultry and egg problem. Sows with 
litters, to a total of 40 pigs, assure a 
goodly supply of pork the year round. 
An orchard of 60 apple trees yields a 
fine crop of hardy apples. 



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STON I NGTON— Gravel Pit 

GREENWICH — New Hand Ball Court at Byram Park 

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WALLINCFORD- -Field Stcnu Pxoad B^d 

BRIDGEPORT— Sewing Project 

Road Improvement at Waterbury 

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ROBERT A. HURLEY, Administrator 

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Nov: -Dec, 

fl vJ^ Vjf £lL £a ed sd 

Volume 1 

Nov -Dec. 1936 

Number 11 

Published monthly by the Division of Information, Works Progress 
~ Administrcrlion for Connecticut, 125 Munson Street. New Haven, Conn. 

ROBERT A, IIURLEY, Administrator 

THOMAS J. DODD, JR., Deputy Administrator HENRY J. TIERNEY, Director, Division of Labor Management 

F. J. MAYO, Acting Director, Division of Operations ^^^ ^ GRIMES, Director, Division of Finance & Statistics 

MARY M. HUGHART, Director, Division, of Women's and Pro- 
fessional Projects ' .". THEODORE E. BUELL, Director, Division of Inlormotion 

The municipal budget season is on! 

During the coming few v/eeks, local governmen- 
tal officials- will be turning their attention to the 
coming year's financial requirements. 

Naturally, municipal expenses will be kept as 
low as possible. Finance boards will pare budget 
requests to the bone. But a certain amount of work 
such as street paving, general repairs to schools 
and other town-owned buildings and installation 
of sewers should be undertaken aimually. 

Most city or town governments have postponed 
suchi.w-ork wherever possible for a number of 
years. During the depression little effort was made 
to prevent depreciation because municipalities 
were on the verge of bankruptcy, as a result of a 
combination of towering welfare costs and tardi- 
ness in tax collections. 

Then, last year, municipalities in large numbers 
responded to the suggestion of the Works Progress 
Administration that the most needed work be sub- 
mitted as WPA projects. Seeing the excellent re- 
sults attained in other communities, it is expected 
that towns and cities which held back a year ago 
will turn to WPA during 1937 for financial assis- 
tance in community improvements. 

Buildings which are not kept 
in repair slowly but surely lose 
their value. Private realtors rec- 
ognize this fact, and those in 
charge of municipal buildings 
should take advantage of the 
opportunity afforded them by 
WPA along this line. Good pave- 

Frttsii Ceiv«>r SlUisiralion 

This view of Orange Street, New 
Haven, looking north from Elm Street, 
shows WPA workers commencing a 
street repaving job to which WPA can 
justly point with pride. The two blocks, 
from Elm to Grove Street, were com- 
pleted in ten days' time. 

ments mean much to a city and to its merchants. 
Farmers profit by repairs to rural roads not cov- 
ered by state grants. Sanitary sewers encourage 
home, even factory construction. Sewing rooms 
cut down costs of welfare departments. 

To all these municipal problems, WPA has the 
answer. It suggests that local officials take stock 
of their physical needs along these and other Unes, 
and then "say it with projects", to the end that 
the needy of Connecticut may be employed 
through WPA on the most worthwhile work pos- 

In most instances projects prosecuted by WPA 
originate in a community. Local officials know 
their needs best, and WPA is glad to follow their 
recornmendations, Roughly, the expense of a 
project to a community runs from one-fifth to one- 
seventh of the project's total cost, the exact amount 
depending on the quantity of materials and sup- 
plies used on the project. Roughly, too, local com- 
munities pay for materials and supplies, while 
WPA meets payroll costs. 

A community should submit enough projects to 
have always a backlog of work available, so that 
when a job runs out there will be another ready 
for the local men or women as- 
signed to WPA work. Attention, 
too, must be paid to the type of 
unemployed registered as eli- 
gible for WPA, so that projects 
for which they are physically 
suited will be available. 

Nov -Dec, 



The MjiiJit PubliL Petreation Building, a WPA Project, at East Lyme 

Informal ceremonies for the presentation of Rocky Neck Pavilion at Rocky Neck 
State Park — in East Lyme — were held on October 21. The pavilion, a WPA proj- 
ect, is one of the finest examples of park improvement in the eastern states. 

Following a brief talk by Robert A. 
Hurley, state. administrator, ths presenta- 
tion address was made by Harry L. Hop- 
kins, National Administrator for the 
Works Progress Administration, while 
Governor Wilbur L. Cross accepted for 
the State of Connecticut. Approximately 
1500 people were present at the exercises 
and great admiration was expressed for 
the beauty of the building which was 
opened to the public for the first time on 
this occasion. 

Started as an ERA project in 1934 and 
taken over by AA/PA when only 25 per 
cerit completed, the pavilion 
is a noteworthy example of 
modem construction methods 
as applied to public build- 
ings of this type. In keeping 
with the \A/PA practice of 
economy, over 90 per cent of 
all the materials used were 
obtained by the workmen 
from the pork property. 

The field stones used in 
wall and terrace construction 
were' quarried at the park. 
Fill for the base supporting 
the large tenaces was taken 
from the "Old Fish Pier", de- 
molished to make room for 
this new development. Sup- 
ports for floors and beams 
are of native lumber grown 
at slate parks. Flagstones for 
walks and terraces were 
taken from the Devil's Hop 

Yard, an historic quarry, at East Haddam. 
A complete electric system and artesian 
well make the building independent of 
outside sources of supply for these items. 
Included also in the equipment is a com- 
plete and modern kitchen, dining facil- 
ities, dance floor, sun decks and furniture 
— all planned with the visitor's comfort 
and enjoyment as the guiding factor. 

The park is located directly on Long 
Island Sound and affords magnificent 
marine views. Maintained by the State 
Park Commission for several years, the 
park has been greatly enjoyed and 

belt to Right — Robert A. Hurley, 
State WPA Administrator; Gov. Wil- 
bur L. Cross; and Harry L. Hopkins, 
National WPA Administrator. 

largely used by those eager for bathing, 

boating and beach camping. For some 

time if was apparent that additional 

facilities must be provided to 

^,^_ accommodate the continu- 

!l€ip , . , , 

a. ously mcreasmg number ot 

patrons. To this end the Con- 
necticut State Park Depart- 
ment sponsored the project, 
contributing $24,616, while 
Federal funds afriounting to 
$215,383 were granted. 


National Administrator Hopkins Takes lime 
Chat with Workers during Inspection Tour of 
Drive Project, New Haven. 

(Jut to 

It is interesting to note that 
no outside contracts were lei 
on this project, the entire 
work be'ng done by WPA 
labor, supervised by WPA 
engineers and state park 


Nov: -Dec, 

So great is the interest being shown in the vari- 
ous WPA women's projects that a great expan- 
sion movement has taken place in the past few 
months. To promote the more efficient execution 
of the valuable work being accomplished, state- 
wide supervisors will be appointed for the hot 
lunch, sewing and housekeeping aide programs. 

I< > 

Connecticut WPA sewing projects, in solving the unemploy- 
ment problem for numerous women,' is solving at the same 
time the allied problem of welfare departments which must 
provide clothing, bedding and other household necessities for 
families on their lists. By functioning directly under the super- 
vision of local welfare agencies, these projects ore fast becom- 
ing an integral port of the social welfare program of each com- 
munity. This policy of a tie-up with existing agencies in each 
town is observed generally by all WPA women's projects in 
the state. 

A decided increase in sponsor-interest in the sewing projects 
is illustrated by the fact that contributions in the form of addi- 
tional sewing equipment are flowing in 

growing numbers into the busy sewing 
rooms throughout the state. The finished 
products ore showing definite improve- 
ment in workmanship, and the produc- 
tion has greatly increased. Last year's 

■ siirjalus, that amount which was over and 

■^Siiqve ■ the needs of, the community in 

iwhich a project is located, was dis- 
tributed through the American Red Cross 
to flood sufferers. In the future, the sur- 
plus will be distributed to state and 
county institutions, or to those towns 
where no projects have been set up due 
to the fact that no women on the relief 
rolls have been available. 

The many duties of the state-wide su- 
pervisor will include the promotion of 
economic working of material, the ar- 
rangement of a schedule for the exchange 
of patterns, the weeding out and circula- 
tion of good ideas originating in various 
sewing rooms, et cetera. Plans ore also 
under way for a training institute for 
sewing room supervisors. 

A Group o{ Housekeeping 
in Great Demand. 

Aides Whose Services Are 

nomical planning of well balanced 
meals, and the simple care of the sick, 
which is only carried on under the close 
supervision of either a nurse or a doctor. 

Mouse AMes 

Due to the increasing demand for the 
services of houskeeping aides, plans are 
now under way to expand the program 
on a state-wide basis under the direction 
of a state-wide supervisor. Until recently 
this group was so small that it was im- 
possible to work out a plan of training or 
to set up a standard work procedure. 

Under the rigid training schedule now 
being set up, housekeeping aides will be 
able to fulfill more efficiently the many 
requests for help in sick-ridden homes. 
The duties ol the aides are to assist in 
housework and care of children in homes 
where the housewife herself is ill. 

The training courses will consist of 
group instruction in home-making, clean- 
liness, conduct in the home, health, eco- 

More school children in Connecticut 
will enjoy nourishing noon meals this 
year than last, due to the increase in the 
number of WPA hot lionch projects. A sur- 
vey of the state was conducted last sum- 
mer to estimate the number of additional 
communities in need of the project. Al- 
though it was found that there is a defl- 
nite need for many more, the increase 
will not be as great as expected previous 
to the survey. 

For instance, it was believed wise to 
set up a project in the Naugatuck Valley, 
where there was always a tremendous 
relief load. Upon investigation, however, 
it was discovered that employment in 
factories and private industries had 
picked up; the greater number of people 
were off relief and had good jobs, well 
paid. Therefore, project plans for this 
district were dropped. 

The project is sponsored on a state- 
wide basis by Connecticut State College 
at Storrs. In the individual communities, 
the school board, P. T. A., or some other 
agency furnishes the space, equipment, 
and food, while WPA pays for the service 
of a woman taken from the relief rolls, to 
prepare and serve the lunches. All chil- 
dren have lunch tickets — only their re- 
spective teachers know which ore paid, 
which are free. 

The increase in the number of projects 
will necessitate the appointment of a 
state-wide supervisor who will standard- 
ize the lunches and train the v^orkers to 
serve well-balanced and adequate meals. 

Two WPA research projects for clerical 
and professional women are tn operation 
at Connecticut College In New London 
under the supervision of the Institute of 
Women's Professional Relations. One 
project is a study of trends tn occupations 
since 1900; the other, of personnel re- 
quirements in public service positions. 
These projects employ 37 women from 
New London, Groton, and Niantic. 

An exhibit of the work accomplished 
and under way, held in New London the 
latter part of October, attracted many 
visitors. A display which proved to be 
of special interest showed the process of 
compilation of material for the Institute's 
various publications, the most recent 
being the "Directory of Colleges, Univer- 
sities and Professional Schools Offering 
Training in Professions Other Than Those 
Concerned with Health and the Arts." 
This directory, published in September, 
is Volume II of a series of guides to in- 
stitutions offering specialized training. 

As an example of the valuable infor- 
mation offered in this book, take the case 
of a young man who wishes to enter the 
field of journalism. He will turn to the - 
section of the book devoted to that sub- 
ject. He will find a list of institutions offer- 
ing journalistic training, with the erl- 
trance requirements, th'e length of Ihe 
course, degrees granted, how much it 
will cost him to take the course, living 
expenses, and fellowships and loan 
funds available. 

During the afternoon of the exhibit, tea 
was served by girls in the New London 
unit of the Household Workers' Training 
Program, which is under the direction of 
the Emergency Relief Commission in co- 
operatiori with WPA. 

Nov -Dec. 


From Swamp to Playground 

For the purpose of increasing the flow 
of private capital into industry, a WPA 
project, sponsored by the State Depart- 
ment of Labor and supervised by the 
Federal Housing Administration, has 
been in operation since May 6th of this 

The project is officially called the Better 
Housing Division of the National Emer- 
gency Council, field agency of the Fed- 
eral Housing Administration, and em- 
ploys approximately 79 men and 21 
women. Groups of these workers are lo- 
cated in offices in Bridgeport, Danbury, 
Nbrwalk, Stamford, Hartford, Bristol, 
Manchester, New Britain, West Hartford, 
Torrington, Winsted, Essex, Derby, Meri- 
den. New Haven, Waterbury, New Lon- 
don, Norwich, Stafford, Danielson, Put- 
narn and Willimcmtic. " 

The men disseminate information, 
literature, and loan insurance forms to 
realtors, lumber and supply dealers, and 
others selling merchandise which is eli- 
gible for insured loans under title 1 and 2 
of the National Housing Act. They also 

L of a swampy seciion of ground 
directly crt tlie rear of the Stcuniord High 
School into c fine baseball field and play- 
grouad is one of WPA's outstanding accom- 
plishments. Formerly a breeding ground for 
mosquitoes, the place now shows the vast im- 
provement achieved, as illustrated above. At 
left is a view of the land as it was when work 
was started. At right the same location 
photographed when the project was nearing 

invite these dealers and the public to 
consult with them in reference to making 
out loan applications to be referred to 
banking institutions for consideration. 

This WPA project has been in great 
part responsible for the decided increase 
in the building industry in the state. Up 
to the first of August the Federal Housing 
Administration had received more appli- 
cations for insured mortgages than in the 
entire year of 1935. 

As of October 30th, $1,995,765 in mort- 
gage applications for insurance had been 
filed while $611,420 in modernization 
loans were accepted for insurance. 

Twenty-nine nursery schools hove 
been " established in Connecticut as an 
emergency measure to serve the dual 
purpose of providing socially useful em- 
ployment for teachers and other workers, 
and giving nursery school advantages to 
children, between two and five years of 
age, from needy and underprivileged 
families. The schools ore operated in 
public school buildings best adapted to 

The advantages offered the children 
are so unusual compared to their home 
environment that the resulting educa- 
tional benefits to them will be invaluable. 

Among the features which make these 
schools one of WPA's finest achieve- 
ments are advantages such as: play- 
mates of like ages; instructional toys; 
stories; music and art instruction; daily 
cod liver oil, milk, good meals, rest and 
sleep periods, health inspection; super- 
vised ploy, both outdoors and indoors; 
educational guidance, plus a fine co- 
operative spirit between parents and 

Crowds Visit the WPA Booth and Marionette Show at 
the Guilford Fair. 

Thousands of Connecticut Citizens learned facts about WPA achievements 
through the WPA exhibits at 11 fairs held in various rural dislrids about She 
state during September and October. It has been conservatively estimated 
that approKimalely 120,000 persons inspected the WPA booth and displayed 
a sincere interest in the work being done, not only in theii own comjnunities 
but in the entire state as well. All appeared anxious to leam facts about the 
administration and many took literature, describing the works ■ program, for 
further study and reference. Over 15,000 booklets of WPA flood work In 
Connecticut were distributed at the Danbury fair alons. 

The fair exhibit consisted of a booth displaying pictures of outstanding 
projects in communities adjacent to the location of the fair, signs outlining the 
accomplishments achieved to dote, and products manufactured by the various 
sewing and handicraft units. At a number of fairs the booth was augmented 
by a marionette show, a regular WPA unit sponsored by the recreation 
division of the Hartford Pa^-k Deportment. At the Danbury Fair, the motion 
picture "Work Pays America" was shown continuously in the booth. 

The WPA booth and marionette show were also among the most popular 
exhibits at the Food Show held in the New Haven Arena in October. 


Nov: -Dec: 

H^ y^ d. QhsmhA. MawmL JoA. TIMmm, ^jomA, 

Youth Workers Lay Out Trail 

Through Stanley Park 

In New Britain 

School caithorities and students have 
shown a keen interest in a new project 
of the National Youth Administration lo 
Gated in New Britain, a nature trail lead 
ina through the woods of Stanley Park 
to ^ 'la museum. 

The trail was Icrid out. during the sum 
mer by youth workers under the direction 
of David Swift, formerly a teacher in the 
New Britain High School. It is entered 
through a rustic gateway a little distance 
beyond the State Teachers' College on 
the road to Hartford. The visitor first 
reads a brief history of the project which 
flanks the gateway. Beyond it he sees 
what appears to be a natural path 
through the woods. In reality, however, 
it has been artfully planned to lead the 
yoimg nature lovers past every variety of 
tree and shrub native to Connecticut. 
^ Beside each specimen, the traveler is in- 
vited to stop for an introduction. Youth 
workers have made aftractive signs of 
green metal lettered in white, one of 
which has been planted at every point 

- '"~^.Sj ^-XSSSA 

Where The Trail Begins 

of interest along the trail. These signs 
are inconspicuous, not interfering with 
the natural beauty of the forest; yet they 
are clearly lettered, and interestingly 
worded so as to arouse health curiosity 
and to satisfy it, so to speak, in the same 

Many of the signs ore permanently lo- 
cated beside trees, each a typical speci- 
men of its kind. Others are scattered 
along the trail to tell of the uses to which 
man has put the products of the woods. 
Still others give interesting bits of nature 
lore. Such facts as the part played by 
trees in the distribution of moisture and 
the regulation of rainfalls are emphasized 

The trail winds through the woods for 
a mile or more, constantly climbing, to 
emerge at the top into a little cleormg 
Here is to be the field museum. At pres 
ent the walls, built entirely of natural 
stone collected by the boys from the sur 
rounding woods, ore beginning to nse 
above the ground. When completed, the 
museum will furnish a convenient half 
way resting place, since the trail con 
tinues down the opposite slope for 
another mile. The building will even- 
tually house a collection of nature speci 
mens, and will serve as a meeting place 
and instruction center. 

The New Britain Park Department is 
acting as co-sponsor with the N.Y.A. in 
the venture. Present indications lead to 
the belief that the nature trail and mu- 
seum will attract nature lovers from all 
parts of the state. If desired, a guide may 
be obtained gratis by appointment. 

Already many groups of children from 
the New Britain schools have gone over 
the trail under the guidance of the super- 
visor or with a trained youth worker, and 
classes from the State Teachers' College 
have been among the most interested 

Among those who have inspected the 
trail up to this time, it is the consensus 
that this project provides a needed addi- 
tion to the educational facilities of the 
city and state, and that it furnishes a 
model which may well be followed in 
other towns. From another point of view, 
also, the seventy youths who are work- 
ing on the trail and on the building have 
found value in the project beyond the 
wages they receive; and the community 
is better for the fact that these young men,' 
who would otherwise be idle, ore actively 
employed in useful work. 

Placards Like These Appear at Fre- 
quent Intervals. 



youth Workers Construct a Flag- These Rustic Benches Surround a f oundations of the Nature Museum- 

tone Walk Leading from a Bridge. Great Oak Excavation partially completed 

Nov -Dec. 


If the majority of Connecticut town 
officials have their way, WPA will be 
carried on for some time to come. Mayors 
and selectmen, in answering the ques- 
tionnaire sent out by WPA State Head- 
quarters, indicated that they were, on the 
whole, overwhelmingly in favor of the 
continuation of the program. Some even 
went so far as to designate the many 
needs of their communities which they 
said it would be impossible to fulfill with- 
out WPA assistance. 

This assuring report is based on the 
replies to Question 3 of the questionnaire 
which was sent to all municipal officials 
In the state: "Would there be useful work 
yet to be accomplished under a con- 
tinued Vy^PA program?" 

Of the many replying officials, dissent- 
ing voices were heard from but a few, 
who acknowledged that there is rnuch 
work to be done, but were doubtful that 
WPA is the proper medium. They pro- 
posed no alternative or remedy, however, 
although one official did express a desire 
(and a rather optimistic one at that) to 
se.e private concerns absorb unemploy- 

On the other hand, the -replies given 
below are indicative of the tremendous 
pro- WPA enthusiasm on the part of the 
majority of town leaders. 

Barkhamsted: "We have many roads yet to im- 
prove as well as school houses to build and keep 
in repair." 

Canterbury: "Yes, in my town and in all other 
towns there are many miles of roads to be improved, 
brush to be cut and drainage to be done." 

Chaplin: "The V/PA program has been of great 
help lo those on relief in our town and hope it will 

Glastonbury: "Yes, -we have many projects which 
ore vitally necessary, but due to lack of funds, they 
cannot be done by the town." 

Goshen: "Yes, we have graveled a number of 
miles of dirt roads here in town that would never 
hove been done nor could have been because our 
town is not financially able and would be very 
heavy to carry our charity list of poor." 

Hqddam: "Haddam has several miles of road 
Tvhich could be improved to the advantage of tovms- 
people and at the same time be an inducement to 
build homes or summer cottages and thereby in- 
crease our taxable property list. . . . We have a 
road project approved covering a mail route, school 
bus route, and a route over vrhich considerable 
travel occirrs and the improvement of which is 

Hartford Symphony Orchestra 
Bushnell Memorial Hall (Eve- 
nings) — November 24th, Decem- 
ber 22nd. 

State Theatre (Afternoons) — 
November 29th, December 13th 
and 27th. 

From George G. Francis, WPA 
foreman in Stonington 

"I don't know whether the offi- 
cials in New Haven hear the good 
reports that we who are working 
on these roads hear, but it makes a 
fellow feel pretty good to have 
some poor farmer come out and 
say : 'Boys, I was born on this farm 
79 years ago and have never been 
able to get out of my driveway or 
use the roads to my home as long 
as I can remember ; but I have 
lived to see it done and do cer- 
tainly appreciate it very much.' 
This is what was told me today on 
the road that we are building." 

sadly needed. We could easily find plenty of work 
if the town approved, of which there is little doubt." 

Kent: "There is no end to useful work which 
might be done." 

Meriden: "We have a great number of projects 
which we hove not started and are very much 

Old Saybrook: "Yes, we have work yet to be done 
which we carmot do without aid, as the town is 
financially unable to do this work at present." 

Shelton: "Yes, as long as we have a condition 
of relief labor and 1 think this will be for some time 
yet. We can provide plenty of useful projects of a 
necessary nature." 

Washington: "There is useful work yet to be 
done. If WPA discontinues many will be thrown 
out of employinent." 

Westport: "Yes, there wiU be useful work yet to 
be done under a continued V^TPA program. We 
have several worthwhile projects under" considera- 

Windham: "There is much useful work to be done 
in the town of Windham which the town could not 
afford to do unless the WPA program should be 

"It Can't Happen Here" 
Is Bridgeport Success 

Simultaneously with similar presenta- 
tions at Federal Theatres in 27 other large 
American cities, the stage dramatization 
of Sinclair Lewis' latest book, "It Can't 
Happen Here," opened at the Park 
Theatre in Bridgeport, October 27th. 

The fact that Connecticut's pork city 
was chosen as the site for the presenta- 
tion of this play in this district was in it- 
self a great honor. The Federal Theatre's 
production was so popular that the run, 
originally scheduled for two weeks, was 
extended for another week, closing No- 
vember 1 4th. The enthusiastic audiences 
totalled approximately 6,243 for the 18 

Dion Boucicault's "Streets of New 
York," a revival of the pre-gay nineties, 
was opened at the Park Theatre Novem- 
ber 17th to run until December 1st. 

Project Notes 
On Activities 

# TorHIville — WPA craft classes for adulls are 
being held at the grammar school al Simsbury, 
Monday and Thursday nights. Instruction is given 
in dressmaking, general sewing, pattern cutting, 
tatting," cone chair sealing and other crafts. 

9 Greenwich — The town has saved a total of 
$103,000 within the last nine months, as a direct 
result of WPA projects operated during this period. 
The normal cost to the town would have totalled 
$165,000. Federal funds allotted brought the cost 
down to $37,980. 

O New Milford — The local high school is to 
have an historical stained glass window depicting 
outstanding scenes from famous American literary 
efforts as well as a few religious and political 
leaders. Produced at the direction of the Federal 
Art Project by WPA Artist Len Howard, the window 
is expected lo attract wide-spread interest. 

® Glastonbury — The high school is being given 
a long needed coat of paint and general repairs by 

O Newtown — Work was started recently on a 
new WPA project of building reinforced concrete 
steps at the front of the municipal building, replac- 
ing the original stone steps which hove been 
crumbling for years. 

® East Hartford — Sidewalks, grading and seed- 
ing at the new town hall will begin shortly as a 
WPA project, 38 men being employed on the job. 
The town will pay only for materials used, as Fed- 
eral funds have been allotted to pay for labor. 

© Ridgefield — WPA has started work rebuild- 
ing the Old Range Road at Wilton. This road has 
been out of service for many years and its improve- 
ment is expected to benefit residents living in that 

® Litchfield : — An 18-foot concrete bridge over 
Sucker Brook on Wakefield Boulevard is now under 
way. The bridge will be 25 feet wide. 

® State-Wide — Projects for the purpose of elimi- 
nating pollution in ponds and streams are being 
placed in operation as_ fast as inen ore released 
from other projects. The value of this work can- 
not be estimated. 

Pequobuck River Will 
Be Cleaned Up By WPA 

The often discussed improvement and 
purification of the Pequobuck River at 
Bristol was started November 10th under 
a WPA project calling for an expenditure 
of $52,000. 

The polluted condition of the river has 
many times been criticized by health au- 
thorities as a source of danger. The WPA 
improvement "will be welcomed by all, 
including those sportsmen who will soon 
be able once more to enjoy the fishing 
and bathing facilities, in season. 

Bridgeport ' 
Park Theatre — "Cellini" opens 
December 8th. 

Palace Theatre — "It Can't Hap- 
pen Here" from November 28th to 
December 5th. "The Sabine 
Women" (Negro Unit) from De- 
cember 7th to 11th, 


Nov: -Dec. 

From Farm To Market 

BROOKLYN— Tatmck Hill Road, 33 miles to build 

Improving City Streets 

WEST HAVEN— New Road Bed, Kimberly Avenue 


II jafe- 

Saving City Water Supply 

WINSTED—Reenfoicement nl Rugg Brook Dam 

An Ounce of Prevention 

WESTVILLE— Laying Storm Sewers 


,^ Increasing Town Facilities 

STAMFORD— Construction of Town Garages 

Repairing Flood Damage 

STAFFORD SPRINGS— New Bridge Opened Nov. 7 


PR O G R fl m 





ROBERT A. HURLEY. Administrator 


J 18 "" 

Mm :1m if,. 




fan., 1937 



Volume 1 

January, 1937 

Number 12 

Published monthly by the Division of Information, Works Progress 
Administration for Connecticut, 125 Munson Street New Haven, Coim. 

ROBERT A. HURLEY, Administrator 

F. J. MAYO, Acting Director, Division of Opercrtions 
MARY M. HUGHART, Director, Division of Women's and Prch 
fessional Projects 

HENRY J. TIERNEY, Director, Division of Employment 

LEO C. GRIMES, Director, Division of Finance & Statistics 
THEODORE E. BUELL, Director, Division of Information 
THOMAS J. DODD, JR., State Director, N. Y. A. 

Many are the human interest stories which are 
told of Abraham Lincoln, the great humanitarian 
who sat in the White House during Civil War 
days. All of them show him to have been a man 
of unusual moral stature, one always ready to 
guard the rights of the underprivileged, handi- 
capped and forlorn, despite his exalted position 
as President of the United States. 

One of the less familiar of these stories describes 
a walk Mr. Lincoln was enjoying with a friend in 
Washington one day. Suddenly the President 
stopped. He turned back for a short distance to 
assist a beetle that lay sprawling on its back on 
the sidewalk, legs waving in air, 
and vainly trying to right itself. 
The friend expressed surprise 
that the President, burdened with 
the cares of a warring nation, 
should find time to spare in as- 
sisting a bug. 

'Well," said Mr. Lincoln with 
that homely sincerity that has 
touched the hearts of millions of 
his countrymen and placed him 
foremost in our affections as the 
greatest American, "do you 
know that if I had left that bug 
struggling there on his back, I 

Front Cover Iltustration 

The work oi reslormg the Henry Whitiield Stale 
Historical Museum in Guilford, commonly known 
as the Old Stone House, to its authentic original 
slate, is now nearing completion as a WPA 
project. Although the building, which dates back 
to 1639, had undergone several alterations in 
years past, it was in a rundown condition when 
WPA employees started work on it. The present 
reconditioning will preserve the place as an his- 
torical landmark for many years to come. The 
total cost of the project amounts to £26.017, ol 
which £23.651 will be paid from Federal funds, 
and the remainder by the Connecticut Historical 
Society, sponsor of the project. 

wouldn't have felt just right. I wanted to put him 
on his feet, and give him an equal chance with all 
the other bugs of his class." 

Senator "Billy" Mason, discussing with neigh- 
bors the Cuban situation just prior to the Spanish- 
American war, used this anecdote to point out that 
Cuba had been placed on her feet and given an 
equal chance with nations of her class. 

Today President Roosevelt, in effect, is placing 
millions of unfortunates on their feet, affording 
them an equal chance in this world of hard knocks 
by giving them work to do, and in return a decent 
week's pay, through the WPA. 

,. ., Mr. Lincoln did not give that 

beetle an unfair advantage over 
other insects of its type. But he 
did place it on an equal basis 
with its fellow beetles. And so 
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, ' 
through Harry L. Hopkins and 
the Works Progress Administra- 
tion, is today giving an equal 
chance — no more, no less — to 
19,000 heads of Connecticut 
families who otherwise would 
have no incomes, and whose 
skill at their respective trades 
would be slowly deteriorating. 

Jan. 1937 


New Storm Sewers Are 
Eliminating Costly Damage 

Inestimable damage to pavements and property when heavy rainfalls flood 
streets and cellars has been experienced by many Connecticut towns because of 
inadequate drainage systems. With the aid of WPA, this condition is being elimi- 
nated in various districts through the construction of modern storm sewers. 

In Stamford, for instance, the placing of 
drainage systems underground has re- 
duced hazards on side hill streets, elimi- 
nating gutter washouts and improving 
road surface conditions. An example of 
this type of improvement is the Bouton 
Street project in the Springdale section 
providing for the installation of 200 feet 
of eight-inch vitrified storm drain. Not 
only has the street drainage system thus 
been modernized, but also drainage of a 
stagnant pool, formerly a health menace, 
has been facilitated. 

The former surface drain along Maple 
Avenue in the Glenbrook section of 
Stamford frequently flooded private 
property at various low points. An out- 
fall storm sewer laid by WPA workers 
has remedied this condition and also 
serves as an outlet for drainage of cer- 
tain brooks which in periods of heavy 
rainfall caused the flooding of streets 
and property. 

One of the longest sewers, consisting 
of 69-inch reinforced concrete pipe, starts 
at Jeflerson Street and extends 2,532 
linear feet, crossing Elm Street north to 
Main Street, paralleling the New York, 
New Haven and Hartford Railroad right 

of way. The total cost of this WPA pro- 
ject amounts to $98,666.48, of which 
$88,514 is being paid from Federal funds. 
Included in the installation of this system 
are two reinforced concrete culverts 
under Elm and Main Streets. 

A project calling for the grading and 
widening of Fairmont Avenue, also pro- 
vided for the construction of 2,200 linear 
feet of storm water drains. This street is 
on a side hill and former drainage con- 
ditions were so poor that the dirt gutters 
were constantly washed out and water 
collected at the foot. 

An open storm drain on Dale Street 
has been replaced ■ with 48-inch corru- 
gated iron pipe set underground. The 
piping of this drain has been completed 
to the southerly side of Cove Road, and 
the major portion of the yearly main- 
tenance cost of the open drain has been 

Another greatly needed modern drain- 
age system has been installed by WPA 
workers on Courfland and Pine Hill 
Avenues. The first sewer is 2,500 linear 
feet, while that on Pine Hill Avenue is 
1,300 linear feet. 

Modern Disposal System 

Tins concrete pipe, ivhich js being loiLered 
into place, weighs seven tons and is 69 
inches in diameter — a section of the 2,532 
linear foot sewer which will provide drain- 
age of storm ivaters from the Glenbrook 
and Springdale districts of Stamford. 

As of December 1, a total of 7,282 
linear feet of storm water drains had been 
laid in Stamford by an average of 379 
men, whereas projects providing for the 
laying of approximately 6,500 linear feet 
of sewers are now in progress or will soon 
be started. 

Completion of new construction or re- 
pair work on 741 miles of farm-to-market 
and secondary roads, 145 miles of city 
streets and primary roads, 83 miles of 
storm and sanitary sewers and 73 miles 
of sidewalks in Connecticut is noted in 
a year-end report of physical accom- 
plishments submitted to State Works 
Progress Administrator Robt. A. Hurley 
at the close of business December 31 by 
the Division of Information. 

Recently the Division of Operations 
completed an exhaustive inventory, pro- 
ject by project, of construction work actu- 
ally completed under WPA, since its in- 
ception in September, 1935 — whether the 
projects have been completed in their 
entirety, are still in operation or have 
for some reason been suspended. 

The Division of Information report, in 
summarizing the work by types, reveals 
that painting, repairing and new con- 

struction work has been done on 8,139,- 
292 square feet of 427 municipally-owned 
buildings, in most cases schools, city or 
town halls, and instituticjns, and that 
similar work has been done on 1,626,729 
cubic feet of garages and warehouses. 
At the time of the inventory WPA had 
constructed 203 acres of athletic fields 
and playgrounds in the state, and had 
cleared and grubbed a total of 2,308 
acres of land. Improvement to municipal 
grounds, including landscaping, covered 
a combined area of 909 acres, and 31,261 
linear feet — or nearly six miles — of re- 
taining walls were constructed. 

A total of 178,265 linear feet of gutters 
was constructed, landscaping was done 
along 199 miles of highways and on 244 
acres of park grounds, whfle 5,887 square 
yards of Connecticut streams were rip- 
rapped. Another major task was the 
construction of slightly more than 16 
miles of water mains. Seven new swim- 

ming pools were built by WPA and 55 
holes were added to municipal golf 
courses within the state. 

Project workers dug 199,688 linear 
feet of open ditches and put up 10 '/2 
miles of guard raUs and guard walls. In 
rural areas, WPA workmen cut and 
stacked 7,981 cords of wood, which was 
distributed as fuel for needy families in 
outlying areas. The report shows 999 
trees which were planted, transplanted 
or trimmed under WPA projects. 

Hartford and Fairfield Counties spon- 
sored a large share of the athletic field 
and municipal building construction and 
repair projects, while in New Haven 
County more than half of the entire side- 
walk and sewer construction work was 
done. New Haven County led alone in 
landscaping work, while for completion 
of farm-to-market roads, Fairfield County 
showed the greatest accomplishments. 


Ian., 1937 

Holiday Brightened 
For Needy Families 

The Connecticut WPA acted the part 
of Santa Clous during the Christmas sea 
son and brightened the hoUday for many 
needy adults and children with toys and 
varied entertainment programs. 

Over 3,000 dolls and animals were 
made by 759 energetic women in WPA 
sewing rooms located in 26 towns and 
cities throughout the state. The busy 
seamstresses, who at the same time had 
to carry on their regular work of making 
clothes for families on relief, fashioned 
the toys from scraps of dress materials 
and stuffed them with cloth clippings. 

Sixteen WPA handicraft workers in 
New Haven repaired 200 playthings col- 
lected by the Child Welfare Council, 
while 12 WPA workers on the emergency 
education program in New Britain ren- 
ovated 1200 used toys for distribution to 
underprivileged children. 

Christmas trees set up in the 29 WPA 
nursery schools gladdened the hearts of 
763 youngsters. Simple parties were also 
held in each school, in addition to the 
regular program of supervised recre- 
ation, meals and rest. Those parents who 
wished to buy and make clothing and 
toys for their children were given fruitful 
suggestions and practical help by the 
nursery school supervisors and workers. 

Christmas pageants, parties and plays 
were enjoyed by those who for over a 
year have been attending Community 
Center classes in many localities. Sea- 
sonal plays and entertainments pre- 

Christinas Toys 

4 i^oikti on c /J i i J omg piojcit in 

Meriden takes last minute stitches on dolls 

and animals zvhich were distributed to 

underprivileged children. 

sented by WPA recreation projects fur- 
nished amusement for many children. 

The Federal Theatre directed its atten- 
tion during December to the presenta- 
tion of holiday plays. In Bridgeport lead- 
ing church and civic choral groups 
joined with WPA in presenting a nativity 
play at the Park Theatre, December 18 
and 19. 

In carrying out this program of further- 
ing the Christmas spirit in the homes of 
the needy, the WPA did not neglect to 
spread cheer within its own ranks. Ap- 
proximately $205,000 in wages were re- 
ceived by 7,200 relief workers on WPA 
projects the day before Christmas, from 
one to four days in advance of their 
regular pay day. 

Many Disqualified 

For Recertification 

A recent re-investigation of all Con- 
necticut WPA project workers revealed 
that 1,600 out of 19,132 interviewed could 
not qualify for relief status, as it was 
found that they had other sources of in- 
come, or other members of their families 
were employed. As a result, they were 
dropped from the WPA roles. 

The recertification program was con- 
ducted under the supervision of the 
Emergency Relief Commission through 
a cooperative arrangement between that 
organization and the WPA. Recertifica- 
tions, cancellations and the cancellation 
ratio in each of the eight counties in the 
State are as follows: 

Litchfield: 1,038 recertificotions, 56 can- 
cellations — 5%. 

Hartford: 5,009 recertifications, 280 
canceliations — 5 % . 

Windham: 705 recertifications, 85 can- 
cellations — 1 1 %. 

Tolland: 163 recertifications, 66 can- 
cellations — 4%. 

New Haven: 4,663 recertifications, 308 
cancellations — 6 %. 

Middlesex: 442 recertifications, 38 can- 
cellations — 8 % . 

New London: 1,369 recertifications, 86 
cancellations — 4 fo . 

Fairfield: 4,143 recertifications, 744 
cancellations — \b%. 

® Sewing project supervisors are plan- 
ning more instruction in the correct al- 
teration of garments, as applications for 
employment in dress shops require that 
knowledge. This instruction will further 
prepare the worker for private industry. 

WPA's Safety Measures 

The WPA in Connecticut is making admirable strides forward 
in its attempt to reduce accidents and maintain safe working 
conditions for workers on all projects in operation throughout 
the slate. 

Lost time injuries are being greatly reduced as a result of 
the constant application of safety principles and the coopera- 
tion and understanding of safety representatives and in- 
spectors, field engineers, supervisors and foremen. Only 696 
employees have lost time from their jobs as a result of injuries 
during 33,666,189 man-hours, covering the period from WPA's 
inception in September, 1935, to December 1, 1936. In that 
time total injuries reached only 9,018. 

Only four dearths have occurred on WPA projects in this 
state. Two men were killed when they fell from trucks. A 
third was killed by a reckless driver whose car swerved off the 
road into the field where the WPA employee was working. 
The fourth man slipped on ice receiving injuries which eventu- 
ally resulted in his death. 

Among the safety measures observed on WPA projects are: 
rigid inspection of equipment, conducted regularly; mainte- 
nance of first aid kits by the foreman for immediate use in emer- 
gencies; posting of safety information in conspicuous places 
and maintenance of warning signs at all danger points; test- 
ing of all water which does not come through a municipal or 
town filtration plant before the men are allowed to drink it. 

November Accident Report 

During this month 18,614 men were daily in the employ 
of WPA, working a total of 2,048,626 man-hours. A total 
of 51 1 injuries were reported and of this number 199 were 
medical cases, 312 first aid cases, and only 30 resulted 
in lost time beyond the day of injury. 


No. ol 

Actual Lost 
Time Injuries 









Eleclricily, Fire. Hot 


Poisons, Corrosives 


Fall of Person 



Stepping on or striking 
against objecl 


Falling Object 



Handling Object 



Hand Tools 







Jan. 1937 


hi'arnimgj] i!'1d Bo'cpbd. 

The state-wide training program for 
household workers was brought to a close 
December 31 after operating ten months 
under the direction of the Connecticut 
Emergency Relief Commission in coop- 
eration with the WPA. 

During this period, 178 giris, all from 
needy families, were graduated from the 
practical training courses offered in gen- 
eral housework. They were prepared to 
step into dignified, self-respecting, regu- 
lated employment in which they would 
be justly paid for service adequately 
rendered. Approximately 137 of these 
graduates immediately obtained posi- 
tions in private homes either through the 
State Employment Service or their own 
efforts, according to an unofficial report 
made December 31. It was expected that 
a more complete report would reveal 

that practically all the graduates ore now 

The program was one with which WPA 
took pride in being associated as it pro- 
vided for the training of girls for a 
definite profession in which they would 
have an excellent opportunity to earn 
their livelihood. To be accepted for the 
course, appliccuits had to be referred by 
a social agency on the basis of need and 
recommended by _ the State Employment 
Service on the basis of possible place- 
ment after training. A physical exami- 
nation was also required. 

Training centers operated in New 
London, Plainfield, Putnam, Killingly, 
Hartford, Manchester, Wethersfield, New 
Britain, Middletown, Woterbury, New 
Haven and Derby in houses that were 

Bettering Home Conditions 

either donated or rented. The super- 
visors were all trained in home eco- 
nomics and were selected on the basis 
of practical as well as professional ex- 
perience. The type of training differed 
from home economics classroom teach- 
ing in that it was based on the ordinary 
daily and weekly schedule of a house- 

The courses were from six to ten weeks 
long and included training in the general 
routines of plain cooking, cleaning, table 
service, laundry, personal hygiene and 
personal responsibilities, with special 
emphasis on the time element. With the 
courses so short, it was not expected that 
the girls would be turned out as skilled 
workers, but they are definitely trained 
workers who know the fundamental re- 
quirements of giving good service. 

Families on relief or from a similar low income class are 
finding the world a little better place to live in as a result 
of the assistance they are receiving from WPA home eco- 
nomics education workers in the planning of household 
budgets, economical food preparation, renovation of 
clothing materials and the general rehabilitation of the 
home from the homemaking point of view. They are find- 
ing that a knowledge of well planned economies means 
less fruitless scrimpings, greater home pleasures. 

A noteworthy example of the work being accomplished 
may be found in the much dilapidated community on 
Raggy Ridge. The homes of the "raggies," as they are 

commonly called, frequently consist of one room shacks 
in which fairly large families live as best they can. The 
WPA home economics instructor is stimulating the house- 
wives to attempt more orderly arrangement of their homes 
and a more comfortable manner of living. 

In many cases she has been successful in encouraging 
them to can what fruits and vegetables they are able to 
secure during the summer. Such stocks of food supplies, 
plus a cellar well filled with firewood will make the winter 
months a little brighter for them, especially during those 
periods when they ore isolated from civilization for as long 
as two weeks at a time. 


Jan., 1937 

Connecticut Roads 

Whether gliding smoothly over back country roads, heretofore practically im- 
passable, or driving easily along newly resurfaced or repaired city streets, Con- 
necticut motorists are now reaping the benefits of the work accomplished by the 
Works Progress Administration. 

As of December 1, 1936, a total of 
$7,573,355 in Federal funds has been 
either spent or allocated for highway im- 
provement projects which have been 
completed or are now in progress in the 
state. It is also estimated that projects 
for further road, street and highway re- 
pair amounting to more than double this 
figure have been approved and will soon 
be started. 

In fact, these street and highway 
modernization projects play a most im- 
portant role in WPA's Connecticut pro- 
gram. They number 233 of the 755 proj- 
ects now operating and employ 6,834 
of the approximately 19,000 workers. 

The following survey of WPA's road 
building and road repair projects in the 
state illustrates the vastness of the pro- 

City Street Repairs 

City street projects include improve- 
ments such as grading, oiling, widening, 
resurfacing, extending and repairing. 
The towns in which such projects have 
been completed or are now in operation, 
are listed under their respective counties, 
. vnth the amount of Federal funds ex- 
pended or allocated. 

Hartford County— $1,036,535: Bloom- 
field, Berlin, Bristol, East Hartford, Far- 
mington, Glastonbury, Hartford, New 
Britain, Newington, Plainville, Wethers- 
field, Windsor and Windsor Locks. 

Fairfield County— $1,510,903: Bethel, 
Bridgeport, Darien, Fairfield, Greenwich, 
New Canaan, Norwalk, Ridgefield, Shel- 
ton, Stamford, Stratford, Trumbull and 

Litchfield County — $297,846: Bark- 
hamsted, Canaan, Cornwall, New Mil- 

ford, Norfolk, Plymouth, Sharon, Thomas- 
ton, Watertov/n, and Winchester. 

Middlesex— $402,911: Chester, Clinton, 
Cromwell, East Haddam, East Hampton, 
Essex, Haddam, Middletown, Portland, 
Saybrook, Westbrook and Westport. 

New Haven County— $1,014,621: An- 
sonia. Beacon Falls, Bronford, Derby, 
East Haven, Guilford, Hamden, Madison, 
Meriden, Milford, Naugatuck, New 
Haven, Seymour, Wallingford and 

New London County— $94,203: Col- 
chester, Griswpld, Montville, New Lon- 
don and Norwich. 

Tolland County— $44,548: Coventry, 
Ellington and Mansfield. 

Windham County— $459,376: Ashford, 
Brooklyn, Chaplin, Eastford, Killingly, 
Plainfield, Putnam, Pomfret, Thompson, 
Willimantic, Windham and Woodstock. 

Farm-lo-Market Roads 

WPA does no work on trunk highways 
or state-wide roads, its main concern out- 
side of city pavement construction and 
repair being to make passable at all 
times of the year the neglected roads 
which the farmer must traverse to convey 
his produce to market. Incidentally, it is 
by touring some of these roads that the 
motorist will find some of the state's 
most beautiful scenery and natural 

Officials of 79 Connecticut towns have 
submitted projects calling for the im- 
provement of a total of 2108 miles of 
these farm-to-market roads. As of De- 
cember 1, WPA had completed over a 
total of 926 miles in the following com- 

Fairfield County — Bethel, Darien, Dan- 
bury, Easton, Newtown, Norwalk, Ridge- 

mm smm 


field, Shelton, Stamford, Stratford, Trum- 
bull and Westport. 

Hartford County — Berlin, Burlington, 
Enfield, East Windsor, Granby, Glaston- 
bury, Manchester, Simsbury, South 
Windsor, Southington, Windsor and 
Windsor Locks. 

Litchfield — Goshen, Harwington, Kent, 
Litchfield, New Hartford, New Milford, 
Norfolk, Sharon, Plymouth, Torrington, 
Warren, Watertown, Washington and 

Middlesex County — Cromwell, East 
Haddam, East Hampton, Middletown, 
Portland and Westbrook. 

New Haven County — Beacon Falls, 
Hamden, Meriden, North Branford, Ox- 
ford, Prospect, Watertown and West 

New London County — Bozrah, Col- 
chester, Griswold, Groton, Montville, 
Norwich, Sprague and Stonington. 

Tolland County — Andover, Coventry, 
Ellington, Mansfield, Vernon, Somers and 

Windham County — Ashford, Brooklyn, 
Canterbury, Chaplin, Hampton, Killing- 
ly, Plainfield, Pomfret, Putnam, Thomp- 
son, Windham, and Woodstock. 

Bridge Repairs 

Additional service to motorists has 
been rendered by WPA in the repairing, 
widening, reinforcing and rebuilding of 
bridges, making them safe for traffic. A 
total of $60,776 in Federal funds has been 
expended on bridge projects which have 
been completed in the following com- 
munities: Burlington, Bridgeport, Don- 
bury, East Hampton, Hamden, Mansfield, 
Montville, New Haven, West Haven, 
Waterbury and Windham. 

Projects now in progress, at a total 
Federal expense of $42,162, are as fol- 
lows: reinforcement of the William 
Street bridge in Glastonbury; general re- 
pairing of Laurel Hill bridge, Norwich; 
construction of a new bridge over Rooster 
River, Bridgeport; construction of a three 
arch bridge in Shelton; construction of a 
concrete bridge over Mad FUver and an- 
other over Sucker Brook, Winchester; re- 
pairing of two bridges damaged by floods 
in Chaplin. 



Left the appioach to Coiiiial 

■li buuUiaid on Daihii tjict hast Hartford, at tlic lime of tlie spring flood, kiglit, 
view of the same street after WPA had laid a new pavement. 

Jan. 1937 



• Avon — Eleven WPA relief workers are 
cutting lumber in the woody areas adja- 
cent to the township to supply free fire- 
wood for the needy. 

• Bristol — WPA is overhauling and re- 
conditioning Redstone Hill road, a narrow 
dirt highway on the outskirts of the city. 
The improvement of this thoroughfare 
will provide a new traffic lane to and 
from Lake Compounce, relieving the 
more congested main arteries. 

• Greenwich — A mortar retaining wall is 
being constructed by WPA workers at 
the western side of Steamboat Road, to 
alleviate any future danger of perennial 
washouts following heavy storms which 
have caused considerable damage in the 

©Hartford— A crew of 16 WPA workers 
are painting both the interior and ex- 
terior of North East Junior high school. 
© Manchester — The Town 
Almshouse is being renovated 
and repaired by 11 WPA car- 
penters, masons and painters, 
at a total cost of $5,360.98. 
© New Britain — A new outlet 
to Newington will be afforded 
when WPA workers complete 
the grading and resurfacing of 
Barbour Road, with an exten- 
sion to the present bridge. 
© Norwich — Text books that in 
their present state have out- 
lived their usefulness in the 
public schools of Norwich are 
being re-bound and repaired 
by four WPA workers. As in 
other communities where this 
work has been in progress 
during the past ' year, school 
officials in Norwich are highly 
appreciative of the saving thus 

® West Haven — The construction of a 
long needed two-acre playground on the 
property of the County Home in Orange 
Avenue was started in November as a 
WPA project. The total cost of the work 
is estimated at $31,217.18, of which 
$5,000 will be paid by the county, and 
the balance by WPA. 

WPA Classes Well Attended 

All over Cormecticut adults are going 
back to school again, in quest of knowl- 
edge placed at their disposal through the 
aid of WPA. The attendance figure, as 
reported by the State Department of Edu- 
cation for the month of November, was as 

Community Centers 9,187 

Community College and Junior 

Day Classes 428 

General Adult Education 947 

Parent Education 68 

Vocational Training 310 

Literary Glasses 313 

Aviation 139 

Musie - Art - Mframnea. 

WPA'S Symphony Orchestras are not 
only enchanting large audiences with 
their admirable renditions, but are also 
educating school children in the inter- 
pretation and understanding of music, a 
knowledge which will afford them last- 
ing appreciation. 

Concert Program 

Jan. 18: Connecticut little Symphony, Bethany Com- 
munity School. 8 P.M. Open to the public. 

Jan. 20: Connecticut Little Symphony, Hillhouse High 
School, New Haven. 9:30 A.M. Educational. 
Open to the pubhc. 

Jan. 20: Connecticut Little Symphony, Opera House, 

Ansonia. Co-sponsored by the Y.M.H.A. 8:30 

P.M. Tickets, $.15. 
Jan. 25: Connecticut little Symphony, Hillhouse High 

School. New Haven. 1:45 P.M. Educational. 

Open to the public. 
Jan. 25: Connecticut Little Symphony, Children's 

The Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra. 

Community Center, New Haven. 7:30 P.M. 

Open to the public. 
Jan. 28; Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra, Central 

High School, Bridgeport. 8:30 P.M. Tickets, 

series of three for $1.00; siilgle, $.50. 
Feb. 3; Hartford Symphony Orchestra, Bushnell 

Memorial Hall, Hartford. 8:30 P.M. Tickets, 

$.25 to $1.50. 
Feb. 18; Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra, Central 

High School, Bridgeport. 8:30 P.M. Tickets, 

series of three for $1:00; single, $.50. 


WPA's art exhibit is traveling right into 
Connecticut's back yards, so to speak. 
Townspeople are making the most of 
this rare opportunity of viewing leading 
works by noted WPA artists who are 
spurred on to greater efforts by means of 
assured livelihood. There is never any 
admission charge. 

Art Exhibit Program 

Jan. 25-Feb. 8: Slater Memorial Museum, Norwich 
Free Academy, Norwich. Feahjiring entirely 
new group of paintings. 



"1 want to write and tell you how much 
we appreciate all that the WPA has done 
for the Tolland County Temporary Home 
for Children to make it a fine, happy, 
clean place for the children committed to 
our care. The main building has been 
plastered and painted inside and out, 
besides a number of other repairs and 
changes. The old bam was made over 
into a fine gymnasium for the children 
to play in; the school house was re- 
painted outside and in; the playground 
was graded and the garden drained. 
This Home used to rate as one of the 
worst and now rates as one of the best 
of its kind in the state." 

Albert S. McGlain, Superintendent 
Tolland County Temporary Home. 


"It is high time that Bridge- 
port woke up to the fact that it 
possesses a remarkably fine 
symphony orchestra. Bridge- 
port's orchestra is downright 
good. . . . We must not allow 
ourselves to be fooled by the 
fact that this is a WPA proj- 
ect. The best European or- 
chestras have for years been 
aided by their governments. 

Susan Breul, 
Bridgeport Telegram. 

@ Several WPA projects which 
are now in progress or are 
scheduled to start soon, will re- 
sult in greater recreational 
facilities for the school children 
of Connecticut. 


The Federal Theatre Project won ac- 
claim for its brilliant opening perform- 
ance of Joseph Lee Walsh's "Cellini" at 
the Park Theatre in Bridgeport, January 
5 — an opening so well attended and a 
performance so highly praised that the 
scheduled two weeks' run was assured 
success from the start. 

Humphrey Doulens in the Bridgeport 
Telegram wrote of it: "There were out- 
ward signs of success for the new drama 
last night and an obvious appreciation 
for the beautiful verse Mr. Walsh has 
written. Splendidly acted, at times, hand- 
somely conceived . . . the drama in- 
creased in stature as the play neared its 
end and proved to be of interest to the 
extraordinary audience at hand." 

Said Julian B. Tuthill in the Hartford 
Times: "Extravagantly mounted and 
effectively played ... as a spectacle 
'Cellini' easily reaches and sometimes 
exceeds the Negro Macbeth." 


Ian., 1937 

! ■ , - i; 

MIDDLETOIVN— Repaying William Street 

ANSONIA — Erecting Bleachers at Athletic Field 



WINSTED — Constructing Nczvfield Bridge on Farm-to- GRISWOLD — Putting Finishing Touches on Griszvold High 

Market Road. School. 





' / 

WArERBUKy—j^VA-.Sut'vic'LsL-d Recreation. BETHEL— Widening and Cleaning Brooks. 


P P O G R fl m 

1 twy miW I 




> J 

,^^ 3^ ^ ^ '- ^5, ^ ':^< -41 



"-is?;'' : 


l^^C «-% 

ROBERT A. HURLEY, Administrator 


1937 i 

4 >^- 


Feb. 1937 



Volume II 

February, 1937 

Number 1 

Published monthly by the Division of Iniormortion, Works Progress 
Administration for Connecticut, 125 Munson Street, New Haven, Conn. 

ROBERT A. HURLEY, Administrator 

F. J. MAYO, Acting Director, Division of Operations 

MARY M. HUGHART, Director, Division of Women's cmd Pro- 
fessional Projects 

HENRY J. TIERNEY, Director, Division of Employment 
LEO C. GRIMES, Director, Division of Finance & Statistics 
THEODORE E. BUELL, Director, Division of Information 


It is the aim of the Works Progress Administra- 
tion to carry to completion in the most efficient 
manner possible under the circumstances every 
project which is approved and started. 

Yet the WPA has nothing to do with the orig- 
ination of projects. Responsibility for authorship 
of project applications lies sguarely with officials 
of the approximately 150 Connecticut towns and 
cities which have realized 
the value of this form of re- 
lief from unemployment. 

Many citizens have the 
erroneous idea that one 
of the principal duties of 
the WPA is to survey com- 
munity needs and then 
present to Washington 
projects for operation 
therein. Occasionally in- 
dividuals or groups of citi- 
zens break into print with 
criticism of certain proj- 
ects in their own commu- 
nity. If the criticism con- 
cerns the manner of prose- 

On. Ou/L QovQk. 

A scene from the colorful "Cellini", a chronicle play from the 
pen of Joseph Lee Walsh ol New Haven, which was recently 
produced by the Federal Theatre Project in Connecticut, is 
shown on our cover this month. During January and early Feb- 
ruary theatre-goers at Bridgeport and Hartford flocked to see this 
play, the presentation being a uniiied effort of the Bridgef>ort 
and Hartford companies. 

The play opened at the Park Theatre in Bridgeport and was 
held over for a third week. It then moved to Hartford and opened 
at the Palace there on February 5. again enjoying good 

"Cellini" has already been referred to as one ol the finer 
achievements in modern American Theatre. The costumes, the 
lighting and the musical score comljined to make it a more 
magnificenl spectacle than the Negro MacBeth. product of the 
New York WPA theatre project. 

Mr. Walsh's play was the sixth product of a Connecticut play- 
wright to be produced by the project. The play marked the 
beginning of Federal Theatre's second year in Connecticut. 

In the photograph on the cover of this issue, the players, left 
to right, are: Grace Breen as the Nun. Ellen Love as Margherita, 
Walter Bradley Klavun as Cellini and George Pelrie as Felice. 

cuting the project, that is one thing. But, as is 
frequently the case, the complainant questions the 
value of the project as a community improvement, 
the complaint should be directed to the local 
authorities, rather than to the WPA. 

The Works Progress Administration is allotted 
funds by Congress to employ needy men and 
women in the prosecution of worthwhile local proj- 
ects. It acts as the con- 
tractor or employer but the 
origination of projects is 
the responsibility of the 
local authorities, as it is 
felt that municipal officials 
best know their individual 
community problems and 
needs. When they have 
submitted to this adminis- 
tration these needs in the 
form of projects, they are 
simply approved from the 
standpoint of engineering 
and finance, and pre- 
pared for starting. 

Feb. 1937 


. • • Improving Sanitary Conditions in Putnam 

ABO\E - Federal juiidi ue'ie in a large measure responsible 
for the construction of this modern sewage disposal plant in 
the city of Putnam. Its erection was recommended by the State 
Board of Health and the State Water Commission, the objects 
being to clean up the Quinebaug River and to improve sanitary 
conditions in general. 

Cemetery Gate Preserved 

QompMsuL fijwjsdtA. 

RIGHT — When the original arch leading into Meridens East 
Cemetery showed signs of cracking and giving way, a WPA 
project restored it to its former strength. Each stone was 
marked and taken down, and then the structure was relaid in 
proper form, as shown here. 

Water Supply Increased 

LEFT — New Britain's new filtration 
plant will help in time of drought, 
adding as it does 1,000,000 gallons to 
the city's drinking water supply. 
Canal, seen at left, leads water into 
settling basin (right) . Reservoir is in 

School Facilities Enlarged 

RIGHT — This addition to the Mid- 
dlefield School relieves an over- 
crowded condition. Classes formerly 
held- in play room and assembly hall 
now have their own rooms. Toilet and 
shower rooms have been installed 
the assembly hall has been enlarged. 



Feb, 1937 

New Coustniction Work 

A Much Needed Paint Job 

Seienty-loiir W PA workers uere employed in the building 
of this garage uhich is now being used to house city-owned 
trucks connected with the municipal garbage, ash and refuse 
collection. The structure is 63 feet wide by 126 feet long. 

A Harding High School ( las^rooni undergoes plaster and 
paint renovation, typical of repair work now in progress 
throughout the school. Roofers, masons, carpenters, elec- 
tricians, iron workers and painters have been employed. 

Repairing Brick Work 

WPA workers face and point brirk work at the Harding 
High School, strengthening the building for many years to 
come. The roof of the school has also been reconstructed of 
tar, and a new wiring and lighting system has been installed. 

Rejuvenating Bri< 

Several hundred skilled and unskilled workers alike have 
been given employment through the Works Progress Ad- 
ministration in bringing Bridgeport's public buildings up tc 
date. Many of the buildings had not been touched for as 
long as 20 years, and in order to ovoid further depreciation, 
the City of Bridgeport asked for WPA assistance in repairing 
them. A total of $478,003 was allocated from Federal funds 
for this renovation and also new construction work, while the 
city's contribution amounted to $45,154. 

School Repairs 

School repairs consist mainly of exterior and interior paint- 
ing, installation of new electric light and heating systems, 
plumbing, new roofing, plaster and brick v/ork, the laying 
of new flooring, and improvements in general, 

Work has been completed on the following schools: Bryant, 
Columbus, Hall, Shelton, Sheridan, Staples, Whittier and the 
State Trade School. Carpenters, plumbers and painters are 
at present busy reconditioning these schools: Barnum, Bas- 
sick. Central Junior High, Congress Junior High, Franklin, 
Harding Junior High, Jefferson, Madison, Maplewood Junior 
High, Read, Summerfield, Watersville, Wheeler and Wash- 
ington. A two-story brick addition to the Nathan Hale Gram- 
mar School, which was started under the FERA, has also 
been completed by the WPA. 

Libraries Reconditioned 

Repairs and improvements to Bridgeport libraries have 
also figured prominently on this program. Work on the North 
End, East Side, Sanborn, Newfield and Block Rock libraries 
has already been completed, while the Burroughs Library 
is undergoing extensive repair and paint work at present. 

Engine House Facilities Increased 

Facilities for washing fire apparatus are being constructed 
at Engine Houses 3 and 11. At the former, a new tar roof and 
a 50-foot concrete sidewalk are also being laid. 

Feb. 1937 


Station Cells Refreshened 

. Completing Hospital Addition 

The cell blocks in the Second Precinct Police Station present 
a clean, freshly painted appearance as a result of a complete 
wash and paint job throughout the building by WPA workers. 
All offices and rooms have been renovated. 

The addition to the Engleivood Hospital, now nearing com- 
pletion as a WPA project, will greatly increase the hospital 
facilities. A total of 76 men have been employed in the work, 
ivhich also provides for grading and landscaping the grounds. 

igeport's Buildings 

Police Stations Improved 

Police stations are not being neglected in this city-wide 
repair program. WPA workers are building an addition over 
the garage at the Second Precinct Station where they are 
also building on auto repair pit, washing and painting the 
building, enlarging the record vault, constructing a target 
range and laying a new roof. Work at the First Precinct 
Station includes painting, roof repairs, et cetera. 

The State Armory is being refreshened with an interior 
paint job, while painting work on the interior of the Welfare 
Building has already been completed. Another vast improve- 
ment project is that at the Hillside Home. The buildings on 
this property had not been repaired or painted for years and 
the WPA renovation is fulfilling a long felt need. 

Repairs at Hillside Home 

New Construction Work 

Among the WPA projects providing for the construction of 
new buildings, the most outstanding is the addition to the 
Englewood Hospital, the isolation hospital for Bridgeport's 
contagious diseases. The building, which is now nearing 
completion, consists of two stories and basement and is of 
brick, concrete and steel construction. 

Repairs to the main hospital and the nurses' home were 
provided for under another WPA project which was com- 
pleted about a year ago. The renovation was necessary to 
keep the buildings at the high standard of efficiency required 
to combat in proper manner the various contagious diseases 
isolated here. 

Another large construction job was the incinerator garage, 
a one-story stone structure with concrete floor and built-up 
trusses, with plank and fell roofing. Twenty municipal 
garbage trucks may be housed in the building. 

WPA employees also completed a two-story building over 
a year ago in the City Yard, for use as a carpenter and 
paint shop. 

The almshouse itself and all the buildings on the property 
have received necessary repairs under the terms of a WPA 
project. The illustration shows men working on the dairy 
roof, a view of the new silo and the beginning of another. 


Feb. 1937 

W estbrook Hot Lunch Project 

Children Use Spare 

Time To Advantage 

Many Hartford children no longer 
gather around street corners after school 
or roam the streets at night looking for 
mischief. Instead, they are flocking to 
community centers and playgrounds in 
search of instruction and amusement 
made available through the efforts of 
the WPA Recreation Division of the 
Hartford Park Department. The results 
of the great interest the youngsters have 
shown in these leisure time activities 
were displayed at an exhibition in the 
Old State House January 28, 29 and 30. 

Thousands of articles made by chil- 
dren in the industrial and applied arts 
classes were admired by 5,000 visitors 
at the exhibition. Demonstrations were 
given by groups of children actually at 
work at the various crafts, and the pub- 
lic was thus given an inside view of the 

. . . Stamps On Display . . 


A popular booth at thf Hartford 
Rpcrealion Exhibit. 

Westbrook School studenls who are unable 
lo go home tor their noon meals ore now being 
served nourishing hot dishes lo supplement 
their sandwich lunches — an accomplishment 
made possible only through the assistance oi 
WPA. Under the terms ol the project, which 
started January 4, a woman paid irom Federal 
funds prepares cocoa and one hot dish each 
day- lor either oi which the children pay 
three cents, il they desire the food. The project 
is under the supervision of the Parent 
Teachers' Association. 

definite appeal these activities hold for 
the youngsters. 

One of the novel displays was a glove 
knitting machine which children operate 
in community centers in the manufac- 
ture of their own gloves. Another exhibit 
of interest, arranged by the stamp club 
members, consisted of posters made of 
postage stamps, and albums illustrating 
the neatness with which the collectors 
mount the stamps. 

Stamp club activities in six Hartford 
community centers started October 2 
and at present 500 children are regular 
members. Stamps are kept in albums 
worth upwards from 10 cents, and the 
collections generally range in value 
from a few dollars to several hundred. 

The total attendance at stamp col- 
lecting classes amounted to 1,258 chil- 
dren and adults, it was reported at the 
exhibition, while attendance in other 
classes was listed as follows in the re- 
spective exhibits: 7,622 children hove 
learned to make crepe paper novelties; 
1,401 children hove learned to paint de- 
signs on glass, baskets, lamp shades, 
etc.; 5,428 children participated in wood- 
carving and wood painting classes; 739 
children were taught the art of making 
leathercraft novelties; 454 children were 
instructed in dressmaking and 230 in 
needlecraft; and 665 boys were taught 
how to build model airplanes. ^ 

0. vA-vx 

Project To Tabulate 

Labor Information 

Valuable information concerning 
hours, earnings and rates of pay in 
restaurants and under-garment factories 
in Connecticut which has been collected 
by the State Labor Department will be 
made available to the public by means 
of a WPA project which started Novem- 
ber 23, 1936. The Labor Department has 
had the facilities to assimilate material 
on labor and business conditions, but 
no appropriation has ever been made 
to enable the department to tabulate 
this information for publication. 

With the assistance of six WPA 
workers, the data is now being tabu- 
lated, along with supplementary infor- 
mation on working conditions cmd busi- 
ness practices. The total cost of the 
project is estimated at $1,516.55, of 
which $1,275 will be paid from Federal 
funds, and $241.55 by the sponsor, the 
Labor Department. 

Fashion Show 

Students of dressmaking classes con- 
ducted by Milford WPA Adult Educa- 
tion Program displayed products of 
their skill in a fashion show in Devon 
School Auditorium, Friday, January 29. 

S^ \1. l-i'AO.V 


Town Records Are Preserved 

Important town records whose existence was unknown to 
Iheir keepers have been discovered and many have been 
saved from destruction as a result of the Connecticut His- 
torical Records Survey. This WPA proiect employs 63 
workers who ore preparing a complete inventory of Connec- 
ticut town records, covering every phase of a town govern- 
ment's life. 

From these records can be traced the more important 
events and phases of the town from its first town meeting up 
through the town's provision for the collection of Old Age 
Assistance tax. 

Many interesting items hove been discovered. Workers 
ct Windsor found one of the earliest recorded land deeds in 
Connecticut on page 169 of the first volume of Windsor Land 
Records. This deed, transacted in 1639, copied into the Land 
Records some time later, is signed with marks by 1 1 Indian 
chiefs, who received for the land "Twenty Cloath Coats and 
fifteen farthem of sewen, of which there being paid in hand, 
eight coats and six farthem of sewen, the other 12 coats and 
nine farthems of sewen to be paid at the coming up of our 
next pinnance." 


Left, condition of basi'mi'nl vault when historiral record 
workers started survey in Branjord. Right, same vault at 
conclusion of survey. The cleaning up and sorting of records 
is proving of practical value to custodians. 

Frescos Decorate 

Ivy Street School 

"High-Lights in American History," a 
series of frescos painted by Thomas 
Cavaliere, until recently a Federal Art 
project employee, are being placed on 
the walls of the library of the Ivy Street 
School in New Haven. There are four 
panels with the subject matter arranged 
in the following order: Columbus, John 
Smith, Daniel Boone and Washington. 

Each fresco is painted on a surface of 
reinforced portable plaster wall fitted 
into a wrought iron frame — a desirable 
feature since frescos are considered the 
most durable of art mediums used to 
decorate walls. If properly executed 
they usually outlive the buildings they 

Music — Art — Drama 


Feb. 23: Connecticut Little Symphony, Bran- 
iord High School, Branlord. 11 A.M. 
and 1:45 P.M. Educational. Open to 
the public- 

Feb. 25: Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra, 
Hamden High School, Hamden. Edu- 
cational. Open to the public. 

Mar. 3: Hartlord Symphony Orchestra. Bush- 
nell Memorial Hall. Hartlord. 8:30 
P.M. Tickets. $.25 to $1.50. 

Mar. 8: Connecticut Little Symphony. East 
Haven High School, East Haven. 2:00 
P.M. Educational. Open to the public. 

Mar. 18: Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra. 
Central High School, Bridgeport. 
8:30 P.M. Tickets, series of three ior 
$1.00: single. $.50. 

(Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra may also be 

heard over Radio Station WICC every Wed- 
nesday allemoon at 2:15 P.M.) 

Feb. 22 — Mar. 6; Index of American Design. 
Wesleyan University, Middletown. 


Watch lor Opening Dale: 

"In Praise of Husbands." Park Theatre, 


Window Displays 

Record WPA Work 

In an effort to familiarize the general 
public with WPA achievements, the Di- 
vision of Information is planning store 
window displays in various towns. Dis- 
plays have been held in Willimantic, 
New Britain, Middletown, Meriden and 
Putnam, while plans are underway at 
present, under the direction of Robert 
Zimmerman, for similar exhibits in 30 
to 40 other communities. 

The displays consist of photographic 
records of construction accomplish- 
ments in the respective localities, gar- 
ments actually made in local sewing 
room projects, and products of the. 
Federal Art project. 

Sponsors' agents having available 
window space and desiring displays 
may contact Mr. Zimmerman at WPA 
State Headquarters in New Haven. 

Piodiict), Of The Fedeial Ait Ptoject 

SCO panel depicting John Smith ivhich 
the Ivy Street School in New Haven. 

An interior <(i,s<'/ study of an olil lap room in Kent, /minted 
n ill, am McKillop. on display in the Kent Library. 


Feb. 1937 

¥ ^ a- >' ^' 

NEW BRITAIN — Comfort Station at Stanley Park 

PLYMOUTH — Improving Farm-to-Market Road 

W AT ERBVRY — Constructing Sewer in Homer Street PLAIN\ ILLE — New Firehouse, Maple and Whiting Streets 


STAMFORD — Widening Farm-to-Market Road 

CLINTON — New Bridge on Pleasant Valley Road 


PRO G R fl m 






ROBERT A. HURLEY, Administrator 


iJ ll!Jlinl 


/g MAR 



Mar., 1937 



Volume II 

March, 1937 

Number 2 

P'lblished monthly by the Division of Information, Works Progress 
Administration for Connecticut, 125 Munson Street, New Haven, Conn. 

ROBERT A. HURLEY, Administrator 

F. I. MAYO, Director, Division of Operations 
MARY M. HUGHART, Director, Division of Women's and Pro- 
fessional Projects 

HENRY J. TIEFINEY, Director, Division of Employment 
LEO C. GRIMES, Director, Division of Finance & Statistics 
THEODORE E. BUELL, Director, Division of Information 


In inaugurating a weekly musical program over 
Radio Station WTIC, Hartford, State Works Prog- 
ress Administrator Robert A. Hurley on March 6 
took as his subject, "Spending to Save," which is 
the title of Henry L. Hopkins' recent book. He spoke 
in part as follows: 

"The Works Progress Administration is spend- 
ing to save the morale of a nation-wide army of 
disillusioned and heart-sick men and women. It 
is spending federal funds on work relief to save 
local welfare costs, for it is these huge expenses 
which are passed on through direct taxes to the 
individual taxpayer. 

"It is spending to save, or preserve, the skills 
and talents as well as the morale of thousands of 
capable workers who have been thrown out of 

"But, by the expenditure of these vast sums of 
money, the unemployed are by no means the only 
beneficiaries. Federal spending in this form 
brings relief to the property owner, who is directly 
taxed to pay all welfare costs. When WPA re- 
duces the welfare load it lightens the burden of 
every taxpayer in the community. 

"By the expenditure of these vast sums business 
takes a definite step forward, for a million dollar 
payroll per month in Connecti- 
cut directly benefits its hundreds 
of businessmen. 

"By the expenditure of these 
vast sums every man, woman 

Oral inspection of 

Connecticut WPA 

Story on 

and child benefits in another way. The WPA is 
not doling out funds. Rather, it is requiring these 
able-bodied relief clients to work, and practically 
all of the work is needful. As a matter of fact under 
ordinary methods of having community improve- 
ments made, local groups could not have afforded 
what has already been done for 50 years to come. . 
"Now, just what is WPA actually accomplishing 
in the v/ay of community improvements? 

"WPA workers have made long-needed repairs 
to 315 school buildings; they have renovated 
worn-out books and school desks by the hundreds. 
This work has benefitted our children's educa- 
tional progress and safety. Illiteracy has been rec- 
ognized by our state-wide education program and 
the present weekly attendance at adult education 
classes, largely in rural areas, averages 2,835 men 
and women. 

"We are operating 48 sewing rooms, turning out 
each week 9,200 articles of clothing. These are 
turned over to local welfare boards for distribu- 
tion to their needy, effecting a direct saving to 
municipalities. The motorist will appreciate the 
work of WPA on city streets, where we have re- 
paired or replaced 146 miles of pavements. The 
farmers depend on roads, for over them they must 
transport their produce to the cities; we have 
recognized this need and thus far 
have completed 741 miles of 
farm-to-market roads, thorough- 
fares which are not maintained 
by local or state funds." 

youngsters at a 
Nursery School. 
Page 3. 

Mar., 1937 


A Day In A WPA Nursery School 

The Winchester School playground in 
New Haven is a beehive of activity. 
Toddlers, wobbling about unsteadily on 
their baby legs, ore showing amazing 
dexterity in climbing ladders, swinging 
from bars, shooting gayly down slides, 
industriously sweeping imaginary spots 
from the walk with tiny brooms. 

"And what," asks a passerby, "is the 
meaning of all this? Surely these chil- 
dren are too young for kindergarten." 

"This is a WPA nursery school," re- 
plies the teacher who is supervising the 
children's activities. "We give training 
and guidance to children between the 
ages of two and five years who come 
from needy and underprivileged fami- 

Only those who have visited a nur- 
sery school and seen the procedure can 
appreciate the full value of this exten- 
sive pre-school education program 
v/hich is sponsored and supervised by 
the State Board of Education. 

The scene in the Winchester School 
playground illustrates the importance 
placed on outdoor ploy in developing 
muscular activity and social adapt- 
ability. There ore no formal games 
played here. The program includes just 
active and cooperative play, efficiently 
supervised and guided. See-saws, bal- 
ancing boards, large rubber balls, 
blocks and slides are constantly in use 
by the children who play to their hearts' 
content, meanwhile gaining a good 
physical foundation, independence and 

An evidence of the sanitary habits 
which are encouraged is given when a 
little boy, sniffling profusely, runs up to 
a box for a paper handkerchief. Un- 
aided, he wipes his nose, then deposits 
the paper in a little bag hanging on the 

Following their arrival at the school 
about 8:30, the children go out to play 
after they have been given a health in- 
spection by the nurse in charge, who is 

Learning Cleanliness 

^*Mt ] 

Finding Oivn Toivel 

constantly on the watch for contagious 
diseases. Any children with sneezes 
and coughs are immediately sent home. 

Their one and one-half hour of play 
concluded, the children go indoors in 
groups where, assisted only when diffi- 
culties arise, they remove their leggings, 
jackets and caps and hong them in their 
respective lockers. It seems incredulous 
that they can know the correct loccrtions, 
but this is discovered to be due to a sys- 
tem which is observed in all the schools. 
Each child has a picture symbol, such 
as a chair or a dog, which is pasted 
above his locker. Similar symbols as- 
sist them in locating their towels and 
wash cloths on the racks in the wash- 
room, and also their beds at nap time. 

Wraps removed, the youngsters pro- 
ceed to wash their own hands and faces 
— a school requirement which familiar- 
izes them with habits of cleanliness and 
self-reliance. A brief rest precedes the 
well balanced noon meal, of which the 
following menu is typical: liver loaf, 
mashed potatoes, spinach, a sandwich, 
milk and a fruit dessert. The children 
feed themselves, handling their forks 
and spoons like old-timers — and, they 
scrape their plates clean. "Those who 
didn't eat at first," explains the teacher, 
"were inspired by the appetites of their 
fellow diners." 

The afternoon period is spent nap- 
ping, and quiet prevails throughout the 
dimmed school room. Up again be- 
tween 2:00 and 2:30, the children dress 
themselves with little assistance — an 
accomplishment of real help to busy 
mothers at home. Then they are ready 
for the lunch of crisp toast and milk 
(each child is served a pint of milk each 
day). More outdoor play or indoor ac- 
tivities consume the remainder of the 
nursery school day which terminates 
between 3:00 and 3:30 P.M. when the 
children start for home accompanied by 
parents or by older members of their 

This is a routine typical of that fol- 
lowed in the 30 other nursery schools 
located in communities throughout the 
state. In addition to offering great ex- 
perience and opportunities to over 800 
needy children, the program also pro- 
vides socially useful employment and 
professional training for teachers, 
nurses and other workers. Each unit of 
from 25 to 30 children is under the in- 
telligent guidance of a teacher and her 
assistant, a nurse and a cook, who are 
paid by the WPA. The food and teach- 
ing supplies are also furnished by fed- 
eral funds. Housing, fuel, light and the 
basic equipment, including chairs, 
tables, cots and cooking facilities are 
supplied by the local boards of educa- 
tion or other local sponsors. 

Play materials are designed to open 
up a variety of experience for the chil- 
dren. Creative ability is promoted 
through the use of blocks, paints, sand 
and cloy; various simple instruments 
are provided to stimulate musical ex- 
perimentation; picture books give op- 
portunity for literary experiences. Learn- 
ing and socialization are going on at all 
times, skills and coordination are de- 
veloped, and the resulting strong phys- 
ical and mental development serve nur- 
sery school pupils in good stead for 
future school experience. 

Parents also benefit through this WPA 
program for it is realized that relatively 
little can be accomplished unless school 
and home work together. At the nur- 
sery schools parents have frequent con- 
ferences with the teachers concerning 
their children's problems and progress. 
In turn, the teachers, by making home 
visits, understand better the home situa- 
tions and are able to give more intelli- 
gent help to both children and parents. 

Thus the program extends into hun- 
dreds of homes, making them better 
homes for nursery school children and 
their families. 

Cooperative Play 


Mar., 1937 


Police Headquarters 


PLAINVILLE — Development oi Norton Park, including 
construction of gravel trails and rustic bridge. 

FARMJNGTON — New animal enclosures at the 
Shade Swamp Sanctuary. 

Hartford County Comn 
Benefits As Result Of 

Following are the principal improvements Women's and F 

to towns and cities in Hartford County which Recreational Projr 

have been made under the Works Progress 'o'd County are 

Administration Program, with the total issue. 
amount of federal funds expended. 

Avon — Timber cut for the needy. $3,850. 

Berlin — Water mains installed, hydrants repaired, town 
yard buildings renovated, pond at Kensington Fish Hatchery 
cleared and deepened and roads repaired. $43,123.60. 

Bloomfield — Blue Hills School cleaned and painted, 2,500 
feet of sidewalk constructed. $3,974.30. 

Bristol — Various streets repaired, including Brook, Central, 
Marsh, Summer and Woodland Streets, Stafford Avenue, 
Waterbury and King Roads; development and improvement 
of Page and Rockwell Parks; sewer filter beds constructed 
and renovated: curbs, walks and gutters repaired; roads im- 
proved and water pipe installed at West Cemetery; and city- 
owned buildings remodeled. $182,318.89. 

Burlington — Six bridges rebuilt. $792. 

East Hartford — Two tennis courts constructed and neces- 
sary grading done for additional courts at Burnside Avenue 
playground; public athletic field at Burnside Avenue com- 
pleted; athletic field at East Hartford High School constructed; 
sidewalks constructed and repaired; storm sewers and cul- 
verts installed; town-owned cemetery graded and planted; 
and roads, damaged by flood, repaired. $97,682.20. 

East Windsor — Five miles of roads, damaged by flood, re- 
paired. $16,875. 

Enfield — Sanitary sewer installed on North Main Street, 
and also on Belmont Street in Thompsonville. $13,671.90. 

Farmington — Two miles of roads, damaged by flood, re- 
paired; 8,700 feet of sanitary sewer installed; bird and animal 
enclosures built at Shade Swamp Sanctuary. $28,572.40. 

Glastonbury — Naubuc Avenue widened and retaining wall 
constructed; Ash Swamp Road improved; five miles of roads, 
damaged by flood, repaired; William Street Bridge repaired; 
school grounds improved. $27,359.08. 

Hartford — Improvements, such as golf course repairs, de- 
velopment of playgrounds, landscaping, painting of struc- 
tures, made at municipal parks, including Goodwin, Colt, 
Batterson, Pope and Elizabeth; improvement of Park River 
bed and banks in Bushnell Park; schools renovated and re- 
paired, including Hartford Public High School, West Middle, 
Naylor, Chauncey Harris, H. C. Dwight, Barbour, Holcomb 
Street, Southwest, Lawrence Street, Wilson Street and Noah 
Webster schools; furniture repaired and flag poles painted 
and repaired in 28 public schools. 

Also, other public buildings repaired and repainted, in- 
cluding fire engine house, city hall, administration building 
at Brainard Field; concrete wall constructed at East side bath 
house; city streets repaired and replaced; Clark Dike, re- 
paired; street name signs painted. 

Also, improvement of aviation facilities, including develop- 
ment and repairing of landing field, and road repairs; athletic 
fields drained and improved; sewer system renovated and 
Potter and Commerce Street sewage pump station improved; 
water main installed on Maxim Road and water lines to 


inities Receive Valuable 
lompleted WPA Projects 

nal. Educational and sewage treatment plant repaired; shade trees 
V operating in Hart- pruned and Sprayed; timber cut for the 
n page eight of this needy; city property graded and seeded and 
trees removed; equipment provided for emer- 
gency nursery school. $1,769,830. 

Manchester — Sanitary and storm sewers and water mains 
installed; schools, firehouse, hospital, Whiton Library, munic- 
ipal building repaired and painted; 30 acres improved at 
Center Spring Park. $89,062.32. 

New Britain — Water supply developed; seven fire trucks 
painted; three barns painted and repaired; repairs made at 
four reservoirs; fire station on Commercial Street painted; 
permanent improvements made to the municipal golf course; 
camp school property repaired; armory repaired; storm 
sewers installed; Stanley and Paradise parks improved; 
roads and streets renovated; municipal parking area im- 
proved; trees trimmed and pruned; city-owned property at 
Vincent Avenue and Roxbury fHoad filled and repaired; 
bleachers repaired; improvements made at Willow Brook 
Park; central heating plant constructed; and new traffic signs 
erected. $529,680. 

Newington — Roads and streets renovated; addition made 
to town vault. $13,996.90. 

Plainville — White Oaks and Hobson Avenues graded and 
oiled; other streets repaired; sidewalks constructed; three 
schools repaired; improvements made at Norton Park; new 
firehouse on Whiting and Maple Streets constructed; clothing 
collected and reoaired and firewood cut for the needy. 

Simsbury — School grounds cleared of brush; sanitary 
sewer installed. $2,093.50. 

Southington — Welch Road, Savage and Hobart Streets re- 
paired; brush cleared along 85 miles of road; water supply 
extended; brick passage constructed between schools; wood 
cut and loam stripped in town wood lot; fence erected around 
town property on High Street; school yard grounds improved. 

South Windsor — Storm sewers constructed and roads re- 
paired. $21,814.00. 

West Hartford — Storm sewers constructed; Hall High School 
and firehouse repaired and painted; water connections relaid; 
outdoor swimming pool constructed and barriers built for 
hockey rink. $44,810.15. 

Wetherslield — Improvements made around public build- 
ings; sidewalks regraded and town property graded cmd 
seeded; Elm Avenue widened; 10 miles of roads, damaged by 
flood, repaired; roads landscaped; highway fences repaired 
and new ones constructed; and town buildings repaired. 

Windsor — Fitch High School painted, schools cleaned and 
painted; alterations, plumbing and electrical repairs made at 
the town hall; concrete curb laid on west side of green; Dud- 
ley Town Road graded; Kennedy Lane repaired; 1 1 streets 
graded and oiled; repairs made at Wilson Fire House; water 
main built; 150 sign posts painted; electric wiring outlets in- 
stalled at seven schools. $36,714.35. 

Windsor Locks — Farm-to-market roads improved; public 
highways repaired and 1420 feet of water mains installed; 
sanitary sewer constructed. $12,319.30. 


SOUTHINGTON— Hobart Street has bee 
resurfaced and gravelfl 


WETHERSFIELD—New sidewalk is construLteJ 
on Nott Street. 

EAST HARTFORD— Curbing construct 
cemetery drives. 


Mar., 1937 

Equipment Allowance 
On WPA Jobs Reduced 

Because of the limited amount of fed- 
eral money available for WPA between 
now and the end of the national fiscal 
year on July 31, municipalities must 
now supply a larger percent of the ma- 
terials and equipment on WPA projects. 

This decision, effective March 1, to 
increase the materials and equipment 
outlays by the cities was adopted as the 
preferable alternative to cutting down 
the state WPA rolls to meet reduced al- 
lotments from Washington. Henceforth, 
all projects up for approval must be 
drafted to keep within the reduced bud- 
get of the state WPA and this can only 
be done by virtually shutting off federal 
grants for materials. 

Under the new set-up, municipalities 
in Connecticut will be allowed the state- 
wide average of a $71 maximum per 
man per month. Due to the fact that 
most projects require practically the en- 
tire $7 1 to pcry the wages of the workers, 
very little money will be available for 

WPA Broadcasts Weekly 
Over Radio Station WTIC 

The month of February marked the 
completion of a series of 20 radio broad- 
casts by the Division of Information over 
Station WTHT, Hartford. On Saturday, 
March 6, a second series was inaugu- 
rated with Station WTIC, also of Hart- 
ford and one of the most powerful radio 
stations in the country, handling the 

Hereafter until further notice, 
therefore, the State WPA 
broadcast may be heard over 
Station WTiC on Saturdays 
from 2 to 2:30 P.M. During that 
period each week the Hartford 
WPA Dance Orchestra, con- 
ducted by William B. Tasillo, 
will present a group of the lat- 
est dance selections, with a 
short talk mid-way in each 
program. These talks will be 
delivered by Theodore E. 
Buell, director of the Division of 
Information, and will deal with 
phases of the WPA program 
in Connecticut. 

Water Purified 

Willimantic's new rapid sand filtra- 
tion plant, now nearing completion as 
a WPA project, will correct the pres- 
ent bad odor, taste and color of the 
city's water supply. The plant, shown 
on the left in the picture above, con- 
tains chlorium tanks and two large 
filters, while the stand-pipe at the 
right is designed to build up pressure 
so that water will be forced through 
the filters. One and one-half million 
gallons of water a day can be purified. 

m NORWICH — The retaining wall at 
Cargill Park, which was damaged by 
the 1936 floods, is being repaired and 
rebuilt by WPA workers. 

« SH ELTON — The retaining wall on 
High Street, now being constructed 
under the terms of a WPA project, will 
eliminate washouts which in the past 
have greatly undermined the road. 

Number of Workers On WPJ 
And Wages Received — Janiu 


Fairfield 4,114 

Hartford 4 005 

\ Projects 
ary. 1937 






Middlesex .... 













Results of School Tests 
Are Put In Practical Form 

Results of experimental tests taken by 
children in 42 schools in New Haven 
are being made available for practical 
use under the terms of a WPA project 
which has been in operation since De- 
cember 21, 1936, under the sponsorship 
of the Board of Education. The matericjl 
had been accumulating for some time 
and because of lack of assistance in as- 
sembling it, the information could not 
be summarized by members of the 
teaching staff. 

Sixteen WPA clerks are employed by 
the project in preparing and filing for 
tabulation the record cards of these 
audiometer, height, weight, eye and in- 
telligence tests which are made of all 
the children by school doctors, nurses 
and teachers. School achievement rec- 
ords and records of units used in con- 
nection with educational projection are 
also being copied and filed. 

Adult Students Obtain 

Jobs Through U.S.E.S. 

As a result of their studies in voca- 
tional classes conducted under the 
Adult Education Project at the Brown 
School in Hartford, several people have 
been placed in private jobs through the 
United States Employment Service, two 
from the air-conditioning classes; one 
from the class in sheet metal pattern 
drafting; one from the class in negative 
retouching; and two from the class in 
commercial art. 

Also, out of the 204 people who, dur- 
ing the last three months, hove taken 
advantage of the counsel and guidance 
in educational and occupa- 
tional fields offered by the ad- 
justment bureau at the Brown 
School, the U.S.E.S. has placed 
34. By far the Icrrgest part of 
this psychological service is 
extended to youths referred by 
the Employment Service. 
• Connecticut WPA workers 
contributed a total of $3,938.05 
for the relief of flood sufferers. 
Of this amount, $3,214.16 came 
from project employees who 
receive only security wages. 
White collar workers donated 
$362.70, while administrative 
employees gave $195. 

,^A ^ 

Mar., 1937 


WPA Field and Stream 
Activities on Exhibition 

Interests of the Connecticut sportsman 
have not been ignored by the WPA in 
its employment of thousands of men 
and women on projects beneficial to the 
state's citizenry. During the week of 
March 15 to 20 the Division of Informa- 
tion is maintaining a booth at the New 
Haven Sportsmen's Show, displaying 
what this federal agency has done for 

An exhibition of fly-tying by a mem- 
ber of the Community Center staff of the 
state-wide education project, is one of 
the features of the booth. Charts pre- 
pared by a group of "white collar" 
workers under sponsorship of the State 
Board of Fisheries and Gome concern 
subjects of vital interest to hunters and 
fishermen, while photographs of actual 
construction work of interest to these 
sportsmen also adorn walls of the booth. 

Considerable work has been done by 
WPA at the popular Shade Swamp 
Sanctuary in Farmington, a rifle range 
is under construction in East Haven, and 
a score of other projects designed to im- 
prove conditions for the sportsman are 
either completed or under way. 

WPA Calendar 

Beginning of three-mile foot trail 
constructed by WPA at Sleeping 
Giant Park, Hamden. 

Monuments Restored 

Over 100 monuments in the Old Gold 
Street Burying Ground, Hartford, are in 
the process of being restored by the two 
Rossi brothers, stone workers employed 
by the WPA Federal Art Project. 

This old landmark, now situated in 
the heart of the capitol city, was first 
set aside as a burial place on January 
11, 1640. According to town records it 
is the second oldest burying ground in 
Connecticut, Wethersfield having the 
oldest. It contains the "dust" of the 
founders of the Hartford Colony as well 
as most of its pre-Revolutionary leaders, 
and, from the point of view of historic 
interest, it is one of the most important 
old graveyards in the United States. 


Mar. 24: Connecticut Little Symphony. Fair 
Haven Junior High School. 12:45 P.M. 
Educational. Open to the public. 

Apr. 1: Hartford Symphony Orchestra, Middle- 
town High School. Educational. Open 
to the public. 

Apr. 11: Hartford Symphony Orchestra, Avery 
Memorial Hall. Hartford. 8 P.M. Admis- 

Apr. 15: Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra, Cen- 
tral High School, Bridgeport. 8 P.M. Ad- 


WPA Dance Orchestra and Short Talk— Divi- 
sion of Information (state-wide): Station 
WTIC, Hartford, every Saturday. 2-2:30 

Federal Theatre of the Air — Federal Theatre 
Project: Station WICC, Bridgeport, every 
Monday. 4:15 P.M.; StaUon WBBY. New 
Haven, every Wednesday, 4 P.M.; and 
Station WELI, New Haven, every Satur- 
dcry, 1:15 P.M. Dramatic, variety and 
musical programs. 

Dramatic Skit — Federal Art Prefect: Station 
WELI, New Haven, every Thursday, 
4-4:15 P.M. 

Symphony Music — Federal Music Project: 
Hartford Orchestra, Station WTIC, Hart- 
ford, every Monday, 2 P.M.; Bridgeport 
Orchestra, Station WICC, Bridgeport, 
every Wednesday, 2:15 P.M. 


Mar. 14-31: Display of material collected by 
Historical American Buildings Survey, 
Gallery of Fine Arts, Yale University. 
New Haven. 2-5 P.M. daily. 

Mar. 15-20: Display of WPA activities of in- 
terest to sportsmen, in Division of Infor- 
mation booth at Sportsmen's Show, Arena, 
New Haven. 

Mar. I6-Apr. 6: Connecticut Exhibition of the 
Federal Writers' Project, Old State House. 
Hartford. 9 A.M.-9 P.M. 

Mar. 23 and 24 (tentative dates): "Noah" pre- 
sented by the Negro Experimental Unit 
of the Federal Theatre Project, Avery 
Memorial, Hartford. 

Mar. 16-20: "In praise of Husbands", Park 
Theatre. Bridgeport. 

Writers Display Work 

The Connecticut exhibition of the Fed- 
eral Writers' Project, which attracted 
over 5,000 visitors in New Haven, 
Bridgeport and Waterbury, is now being 
shown at the Old State House, Hartford, 
where it will remain until April 6. 

The display includes: material as- 
sembled by the project in compiling the 
"Connecticut Guide"; a collection of 
Connecticut legends with accompany- 
ing map; and a list of about 150 Con- 
necticut "firsts", items in which Connec- 
ticut has led the nation. 

Survey Project Records 

Old Buildings In State 

In an attempt to conserve for posterity 
our national historic resources, WPA 
workers on the Historic American Build- 
ings Survey Project are recording in a 
graphic manner and by photography 
the exact appearance of old Connecti- 
cut buildings and their surroundings. 

Samples of the work being accom- 
plished are on exhibit at the Gallery of 
Fine Arts, Yale University, New Hcrven, 
from March 14 through 31. Blue line 
and white line prints, photographs, his- 
tories and certificates of such old build- 
ings as the County Court House in New 
London, built in 1784, and the Heitmann 
House in West Haven, built in 1682, are 
included in the display. 

The records of the buildings are being 
made as a form of insurance against 
loss of data through future destruction, 
and also as a contribution to the study 
of historic architecture. The work, which 
is sponsored by the Notional Park Serv- 
ice, was started under the CWA pro- 
gram in 1934, and is now being carried 
on only with the financial aid of the 
WPA. The project is fortunate in receiv- 
ing the valuable cooperation of the 
Library of Congress and the American 
Institute of Architects. 

The WPA is mailing possible the 
preservation for permanent record of 
such buildings as Acadian House 
(1670), Guilford. 

Theatre Has Busy Year 

A total of 138,882 people attended per- 
formances given by the Connecticut 
Federal Theatre in its first year of busi- 
ness, which ended January 22, 1937. 
During this period 421 people had been 
given work and 61 productions had 
been presented in 597 performances. 

The project in this first year of work 
handled three resident repertory com- 
panies, a vaudeville unit, three com- 
munity workshops, a Negro experimen- 
tal theatre, a children's theatre, and a 
slate-wide institute for teaching theatre 


Mar., 1937 

Women's And Professional Projects 

Now Operating In Hartford County 

Eight sewing projects, employing 231 workers, located in 
Berlin, Bloomfield, Bristol, Farmington, Hartford, New Britain, 
Plainville and Southington, are engaged in making clothing 
for underprivileged people. 

Twenty-one women, employed as housekeeping aides in 
Bristol, Hartford, New Britain and Plainville, are assisting in 
homes where the mother or head of the family is ill. 

Three workers on the Vital Statistics project, with units in 
Bristol and Enfield, are indexing, rewriting and completing 
birth, marriage and death records. 

-.Ivtapping surveys of Bristol, Farmington, Newington, Wind- 
sor and Windsor Locks are being made by a total of 1 3 

Land records in Manchester and New Britain are being re- 
indexed by 18 people. 

Under additional projects in Hartford City, employing a 
total of 55 people, the following work is being carried on: 
giving of free legal advice to relief clients; providing auto 
drivers for visiting nurses; application of safety measures 
and data gathered under a previous traffic survey to reduce 
child pedestrian accidents; topographical survey of Batterson 
Park; appraisal survey of buildings and lots for Board of 
Assessors; establishment of modus operandi for use of detec- 
tive division of the police department; coding, indexing of 
building permits, old Connecticut records, Department of 
Health records; records of tax collector's office, and compen- 
sation records; tabulation of data on hours and earnings, and 
rates of pay in restaurant and undergarment factories. 

In New Britain additional projects, employing 50 more 
WPA workers, provide for the following: furnishing of one 
attendant at the Dental Clinic; making hospital bandages for 
relief cases at clinics; free bedside core for needy patients 
by registered nurses; making appraisal survey and card in- 
dex of all land and buildings in the city; study of all public 
facilities, including streets, highways, public property, etc.; 
putting files in office of Department of Public Welfare in per- 
manent form. 

And in Windsor, another project, employing one worker, 
provides for bedside nursing and assistance to the doctor in 
maternity work, tuberculosis work, child health supervision. 

Education And Recreation Activities 
Attract Hartford Adults And Children 

Eleven nursery schools are being conducted in Hartford, 
East Hartford, New Britain, Southington and Bristol, employ- 
ing 54 workers, including teachers, nurses and cooks. Ap- 
proximately 200 children are enrolled. 

Several thousand people, including adults and children, 
enter into educational and recreational activities each week. 
Adult education classes are held in Enfield, Glastonbury, 
Hartford, New Britain, Simsbury, Southington and East Hart- 
ford, with an average weekly attendance of over 1,000. 

State-wide recreational activities, sponsored by the State 
Department of Education ore conducted by 54 workers in 
New Britain, Farmington, West Hartford and Hartford. The 
recreation project in Berlin, sponsored by the local Board of 
Education, employs four people, while the project in Hartford, 
sponsored by the Park Department, employs 103 workers, 
with several thousand children participating in the activities 
each week. 

RIDGEFIELD— Construction of Cell Block, 
Police Barracks. 

STAFFORD— Completing 8,000 feet of Sewer Line 

... ,.;._J 

MILFORD — Concrete Sidewalk constructed by WPA. 



vA U 

J U\a Lu Cs> cJ^ 


ROBERT A. HURLEY. Administrator 


ig 20 ^ , 
l 1937 /d*>' 



Apr. 1937 


Volume II 

AprU, 1937 

Number 3 

Published monthly by the Division of Information, Works Progress 
Administration for Connecticut, 125 Munson Street, New Haven, Conn. 

ROBERT A. HURLEY, Administrator 

F. J. MAYO, Director, Diviston of Operations 
MARY M. HUGHART, Director, Division of Women's and Pro- 
fessional Projects 

HENRY J. TIERNEY, Director, Division of Employment 
LEO C. GRIMES, Director, Division of Finance & Statistics 
THEODORE E. BUELL, Director, Division of Information 

Realizing that today's children are tomorrow's 
citizens, the Works Progress Administration, in 
making funds available for the alleviation of mu- 
nicipal welfare burdens by the employment of 
needy citizens on WPA projects, has stressed the 
importance of community undertakings which will 
build and train the neglected minds and bodies 
of the younger generation. 

At a meeting of the Connecticut Congress of 
Parents and Teachers held in New Haven April 
12-13, WPA had an opportunity, in a small way, 
to bring forcibly to the attention of those who are 
perhaps most interested in the progress of young- 
sters just how much this federal work relief pro- 
. gram has accomplished to give them a more com- 
plete life. A booth containing photographs, charts 
and similar records portrayed to the delegates the 
tremendous contribution which WPA is making 
to the youth program of today. 

WPA is offering outstanding advantages to un- 
derprivileged children of the state through a 
nursery school program sponsored by the State 
^ Board of Education. Thirty-one nursery schools 
are promoting the physical welfare and whole- 
some mental development of 850 children from 
two to five years of age. 

Older children from needy families are being 
aided to better health and higher scholastic stand- 
ing through WPA's 23 hot lunch projects now 
y operating in 14 communities 
under the sponsorship of local 
boards of education and parent- 
teacher associations. School 
principals and teachers have re- 
ported increased scholastic abil- 

in. mOL rop0v 

I Greenwood Public Grammar 
School in Winsted is given a new coat ol paint 
by WPA workers employed on a project providing 
for repairs throughout the building. 

ity and mental alertness on the part of their under- 
privileged pupils since they hove been enjoying 
the nourishing noon meals prepared by WPA 
women employees. About 15,000 luncheons are 
served each month, benefiting approximately 800 

Experience in art and music is also provided 
children by this federal work relief program. WPA 
orchestras are developing pupils' appreciation of 
music through a series of educational concerts, 79 
programs having been given in this state, with 
approximately 61,000 in attendance, since October 
1, 1936. The WPA Federal Art Project is conduct- 
ing art classes for children under 14 years at the 
Wadsworth Athenaeum in Hartford, with an aver- 
age weekly attendance of 400. 

Recreational opportunities for children have not 
been neglected. Sixteen Community Centers are 
providing thousands of children with worthwhile 
leisure time activities offering experience in indus- 
trial and applied arts. During summer months the 
WPA co-operates with the State Department of 
Education by providing supervisors for play- 
ground activities throughout the state, and with 
the Hartford Park Department for Hartford play- 
grounds. Last August WPA workers supervised 
activities in 132 playgrounds with an aggregate 
monthly attendance of 839,098. 

Boards of education were quick to realize great 
financial savings as a result of WPA bookmend- 
ing projects. Scores of schools 
have been repaired and re- 
painted and hundreds of desks 
renovated. Recreational facil- 
ities have been enlarged and 
otherwise improved. 

Apr. 1937 


Staie Armories Receive 
Needed Improvements 

Nearly a score of state armories in 
Connecticut hove been undergoing 
vast physical changes in recent 
months, as the Works Progress Admin- 
istration has prosecuted projects, spon- 
sored by the Quartermaster General's 
Office, calling for improvement to these 
state-owned drill and assembly halls. 

Already WPA has completed its ren- 
ovation work in 15 state armories; it is 
still working in four others. The federal 
government will hove spent $86,267 for 
this work, which includes roofing, plas- 
tering, electrical and carpentry work, 
painting and varnishing. This type of 
project is very desirable in that it gives 
employment to skilled craftsmen who 
are on relief rolls. Then, too, it benefits 
the thousands of persons who use the 
armories in Connecticut — members of 
the National Guard who drill there 
weekly, veterans' organizations which 
meet there, and various organizations 
which hold displays and social events 
in the halls. 

The vast amount of improvement work 
done by WPA for the Quartermaster 
General's Office can be seen by the 
following summary: 

Completed Projects 

ANSCNIA — Painting and varnishing interior 
and exterior, patching plaster and pointing up 
brickwork. Eight employed. $2,77L federal ex- 

BRANFORD — Painting interior and exterior and 
patching plaster. Fourteen employed. $3,902. 

GREENWICH — Patching plaster, painUng ex- 
terior, varnishing interior and exterior. Seven 
employed. $2,433. 

MANCHESTER — Roofing, flashing, replastering, 
installing new electric outlets, painting and var- 
nishing. Eleven employed. $3,790. 

NEW BRITAIN — Painting interior and exterior, 
repairing stairs and floors and patching plaster. 
Seven employed. $2,619. 

CpdDffffd'^ StfQ-ffiet ArBBDciDD°T Hs ll,eBiovfflted 

NEW HAVEN— (Cavalry Armory)— Painting in- 
terior and exterior, repairing horse stalls, stair 
treads, fence and garage. Twelve employed. 

NEW HAVEN— (Goffe Street Armory)— PainUng 
interior and exterior, installing electric outlets, 
patching plaster, erecting toilet partition, installing 
plumbing connection for toilets, adjusting window 
sashes, landscaping grounds. Twenty-six em- 
ployed. $21,379. 

NORWALK — Painting interior and exterior, re- 
pairing garage, v/lndows and plaster, and point- 
ing up brickwork. Eleven employed. $2,462. 


WPA Projects — February 


Fairfield 4,085 

Hartford 3,898 

Litchfield 653 

Middlesex .5.55 

r. 1937 





New Haven 

.... 4,491 
. . 1,146 









ted and a new^ floor has been' laid. 

NORWICH — Painting interior and exterior, 
pointing up brickv/ork. Nine employed. $2,739. 

STAMFORD — Painting interior and exterior, 
plastering, pointing up brickwork and repairing 
windows. Ten employed. $3,251. 

TORRINGTON — Painting interior and exterior, 
patching plaster and installing new electric out- 
lets. Ten employed. $1,975. 

WALLINGFORD — PainUng and vcmiishing in- 
terior and exterior, laying new concrete floor in 
basement and installing new electric outlets. Ten 
employed. $2,074. 

WATERBURY — Painting and varnishing in- 
terior and exterior, repairing floors, windows and 
doors, repairing electric system to meet code 
requirements. Sixteen employed. $6,158. 

WEST HAVEN — Painting and varnishing in- 
terior and exterior. Seven employed. $1,390. 

WILLIMANTIC — Painting and varnishing in- 
terior and exterior, repairing floors, patching 
plaster and painting up brickwork. Seven em- 
ployed, $2,455. 

Active Projects 

BRIDGEPORT — Painting and varnishing in- 
terior and exterior, repairing floors, windows and 
stairs, and resetting supply racks. Twelve em- 
ployed. $4,677. 

DANBURY — Painting and varnishing basement 
and drill shed, resurfacing and regrading drive- 
way. Eight employed. $1,496. 

HARTFORD — Painting and varnishing interior 
and exterior and pointing up brickwork. Fifteen 
employed, $11,939. 

WEST HARTFORD — (Ccrvaky Armory) — Paint- 
ing interior and exterior, repairing plaster, win- 
dows, stairs, platform and saddle pins. Eleven 
employed. $4,332. 

Companion Projecte 

EAST HAVEN — About 36 workers are making 
repairs to the rifle range, including construction 
of concrete bridge and grading and draining area 
at firing line. $52,632. 

NIANTIC — Approximately 18 workers are 
painting interior and exterior of 118 buildings and 
repairing refrigeration, floors, doors, windows, 
roofs and partitions at Camp Cross. $5,115. 

On Regular Library Slrfl 

A WPA employee's work in the 
Bridgeport Library proved so satisfac- 
tory that she has been hired to serve on 
the regular staff. Relief workers in li- 
braries are receiving excellent training 
for future jobs. 


Apr. 1937 

School And Library 
Books Are Repaired 

Libraries Receive Needed Help 

Worn books in 52 schools and 10 
libraries throughout the state are being 
given a new lease on life by WPA 
employees whose skill in mending and 
repairing is saving large replacement 

Besides mending books, workers in 
libraries ore also assisting the regular 
library staff in special work and this 
assistance has greatly increased libra- 
ry facilities with resulting benefits to the 

A report covering the period of the 
activities of these projects up to March 
1 of this year illustrates the extent of 
the work accomplished. A total of 51,604 
school books and 103,710 library books 
had been repaired or cleaned, while 
8,865 school books and 6,751 library 
books had been rebound. In addition, 
approximately 2,000 more books had 
been made available to the public and 
about 12,000 additional persons had 
been reached through increased circu- 
lation as a result of library extension 

A typical book mending project is m 
operation at the Crosby High School, 
Waterbury, where 13 WPA women and 

Left - A H'P. 
children's mom 
Extensive index 
this deljart 

irker assists at desk in 
ng afternoon rush hour, 
k is being accomplished 
with the aid o/ WPA. 
Center —Placing books in proper order 
on shelves — work lohich facilitates the lo- 
cating of boohs by library patrons and staff 

Right — WPA assistance in indexing and fil- 
ing material in the picture room has been 
greatly responsible for the development of 
this department. 

four NYA girls recondition torn and 
ragged textbooks for several more years 
of class and home use. An average of 
55 books a day are put through the 
rejuvenation process, which includes 
mending torn sheets, reinforcing backs, 
binding edges and backs of covers, and 

Similar book repairing work is being 
carried on by 28 workers in public 
schools in the following communities: 
Greenwich, Killingly, Mansfield, Meri- 
den, Milford, Norwich, Naugatuck, Nor- 
walk and Wallingford. 

Seventy-six more employees are en- 
gaged in mending books and assisting 
in routine work in main or branch libra- 

ries in Meriden, New Haven, Water- 
bury, Norwalk, Bridgeport, Greenwich 
and Willimantic, and also in a number 
of small rural towns under a state-wide 
library project. 

An outstanding library project is in 
Bridgeport where 27 workers assist mu- 
nicipal employees in cataloguing, fil- 
ing, indexing and other necessary work. 
WPA has thus made it possible for the 
public library system to work on a 75- 
hour weekly schedule rather than the 
62-hour schedule previously observed. 

WPA Workers Reinforce 
Wall Damaged By Flood 

A beauty spot of Putnam, Cargill 
Park, was damaged last year when 
flood waters washed down the bank 
near the falls. WPA assistance was re- 
quested by the city in reinforcing the 
wall to eliminate future washouts. A 
crew of 17 relief workers is now re- 
building the former dry retaining wall 
and are backing it up with concrete. 

Cargill Park is famous for its view of 
the rustic falls so often painted by 
artists One of the pcnk trees is claimed 
to be an offshoot of the original Charter 
Oak and the WPA workers have built 
an enclosure about it to keep it from 
being damaged dunng the course of 
their work 


Iitnil hook IS put into shape 
I iluie use Us pages aje repaired, left 
hark IS reinforced, center Its cover is 
nd with It other material, right. 

Apr. 1937 


WPA Me©r©atl®ii Program Offers Opportiimties 

to Liv© Si Full Life 

Classrooms in many Connecticut 
schools no longer stand idle after 
school hours. As youngsters leave 
at the end of their school day, their 
places are taken for the rest of the 
afternoon and evening by older 
brothers and sisters, mothers and 
fathers, even grandmothers and 
grandfathers — all intent on pursuing 
some hobby, engaging in some 
healthy exercise or learning how to 
play various games. 

These varied avocational and lei 
sure time opportunities, along with 
cultural and educational courses, are 
offered to people in all walks of life 
through the WPA education and rec- 
reation program, sponsored by the 
State Board of Education. The Value 
of Community Center activities in 
promoting the physical, mental and 
social development of the community 
is becoming widely appreciated 
throughout the state. 

The program is providing peer 
with activities to compensate tl 
strain and drudgery of their evt, 
day existence. It is giving people i 
chance to do the things they pr- 
viously could only dream about — a 
chance to put their leisure time to 
worthwhile use — a chance to mingle 
in social activities with their neigh- 
bors and friends — a chance to de- 
velop their creative instincts — a 
chance to become better citizens. 

Participation in these leisure time 
activities is having a vital effect on 
the outlook of thousands of people. 
Their whole lives are being enriched 
through contact with a side of life : 
many cases formerly denied them. 

In one singing class a group of 
young people between the ages of 
16 and 20 wanted at first to sing only 
popular music. Under the careful guid- 
ance of a WPA teacher, their interest 
developed and at the end of a year they 
were taking each week a half hour of 
ear training, a half hour of music appre- 
ciation and the singing of four-paft 

Local boards of education provide the 
classrooms, the WPA, the leadership. 
Hundreds of unemployed recreation 
and physical education instructors hove 
thus been given needed jobs. Classes 
conducted under their able supervision 
give every person an opportunity to 
participate in the type of activity which 
is suitable to . fulfill his needs and 

Qutet Games 

To promote interest in the Community 
Center program and to provide a better 
understanding of community problems, 
there have been organized advisory 
councils, consisting of recognized lay 
leaders in each neighborhood, and in- 
ter-activity councils, composed of stu- 
dent representatives from each class. 

Over 8,000 people during the month 
of February alone engaged in different 
types of dramatic, music, club, social, 
dancing, crafts, games and sports ac- 
tivities under the direction of 119 WPA 
teachers. The classes are open to all 
over 16 years of age and are conducted 
in 38 community centers located in 18 
towns throughout the state. 

center class making a trailer. He 
found the work gave him relaxation 
from his regular duties. 

A machinest in one town was be- 
coming a problem to local author- 
ities because of his drinking habits. 
When he learned of the art class be- 
ing conducted at a nearby Commu- 
nity Center he immediately joined, as 
he had always wanted to study art. 
In one year's time, he missed but 
two classes. He now does sketching, 
oil painting, etching and linoleum 
block printing and is turning out re- 
markably fine work. This accom- 
plishment in itself is good, but what 
is more important is his general re- 
habilitation — and he is no longer a 
town problem. 

Young people in particular benefit 
from the program. Freed from years 
of school training, yet often unable 
to get immediate or satisfactory em- 
ployment, they find the Community 
Center an enjoyable place. The 
leisure time opportunities provided 
do much to prevent them from suffer- 
ing the effects of defeat and failure 
and help them to express their varied 
abilities and to develop their skills. 

There is one boy of this type in a 
cooking class. He is learning to cook 
so that he may lighten somewhat the 
household duties of his mother who 
works in a factory all day. 

In many cases cnrocational pur- 
suits become vocational opportuni- 
ties. There is the case of a worker 
in the manufacturing department of 
a large company, who came to a 
community center to study his hobby, 
art. His progress was so successful 
that he has been transferred to a 
much higher paid position in the art 
department of his employing organi- 

Many people who come to the centers 
to play basketball become interested in 
the typing class across the hall, the 
carpentry class upstairs, or the Span- 
ish class in the adjoining room — and 
gradually they become absorbed in 
the great learning trend so much in 
evidence in every center — learning 
cultural subjects, learning to prepare 
themselves for a better job — or even 
A job. 

People from all walks of life are tak- 
ing advantage of the opportunities of- 
fered. A doctor spent four months in a 


Apr. 1937 

In New Haven County alone the Federal Government had expended over 
two and one-half million dollars on WPA undertakings which had been com- 
pleted as of March 24. This huge sum has been spent on work designed to 
be of greatest value to the county and at the same time to provide much 
needed employment for the greatest number of men, taken from relief rolls. 

A survey of the improvements accomplished reveals the benefits now being 
realized as a result of the program. Outstanding projects are listed below with 
the total federal funds expended in each community. 

Ansonia — Orchard Street repaired; athletic 
field improved; Fourth Street, Dm Street and Mead 
Schools painted; storm sewers installed on George 
Street and Howard Avenue; extension to Powe 
Street constructed; and state armory repaired and 
painted. $31,750. 

Beacon Falls — College and Wolfe Avenues 
improved and retaining wall constructed. $7,344. 

Bronford — Storm sewer to Rose's Brook 
structed; improvements made at Hammer Com- 
munity Field and Branford Point Pork; and 
wall at Parker Memorial Park completed. $20,622 

Derby — Storm sewer constructed on Olivia 
Street; sewers laid on Seymour Avenue and Firs' 
and Third Streets; Franklin School repaired; and 
Sodom Lone improved and graded. $46,324. 

East Haven - — Roads improved, including Henry 
Street, Strong Street and Fox Hill Road; macadam 
road constructed from tov/n line to corner of 
Dewey Avenue and Silver Sands Road; ditches, 
culverts and catch basins constructed at corner 
of Austin Avenue and Henry Street; storm sewers 
constructed on Tyler Street, Library and Win- 
chester Place; various schools repaired; tov/n 
garage constructed; swamp drained; and side- 
walks constructed. $71,211. 

Guiliord — Roads widened and graded; school 
furniture and equipment repaired; and seawall 
constructed. $20,282. 

Hamden — Sidewalks constructed; masonry 
bridge built; storm sewers, catch basins and man 
holes constructed on various streets; Paradise 
Avenue, Waite and Mather Streets widened and 
graded; athletic field constructed; culverts built. 

Meriden — Painting and repair work done on 
the welfare buOding, various public buildings 
and bridges, the traffic tower, Washington Park 
field house. State Trade School and the care- 
taker's cottage at the South Meriden Sewage 
Plant; sanitary sewers constructed; cemetery 
gateway rebuilt; Broekside Park athletic field 
enlarged and graded; improvements made at 
parks and public grounds; fire house 

addition constructed; school furniture refinished; 
and city streets repaired. $125,548. 

Milford — Seawalls constructed; exterior of 
Devon School painted; sidewalks constructedj 
field house at athletic field and various schools 
painted; sewers constructed on various streets; 
Cinder Lane widened; Bailey Lane graveled; 
trolley tracks removed and pavement laid on 
Nougatuck Avenue; rock remaved from various 
roads; storm water drains constructed; and con- 
crete steps built at Milford Town Hall. $64,981. 

New Haven — Repairing and resurfacing work 
done on various streets; Shelden Terrace exten- 
sion constructed; city-v^ade sidewalks repaired; 
storm and sanitary sewers constructed; gutters 
laid to properly drain various streets; curbs re- 
dressed and reset; walks repaired around public 
buildings and parks; concrete crosswalks laid at 
Tower Parkway; section of Baldwin Drive con- 
structed; street signs cleaned and painted; monu- 
ments for street lines placed. 

Also, lime spread to cure loam for grading 
purposes, and grading and drainage work done at 
Municipal Airport to enlarge landing area; exca- 
vation work done in preparation for planting trees; 
handball courts built at Edgewood Pork; im- 
provements made to municipal golf course; mulch 
spread at Spring Side Nursery; leaves removed 
from Edgewood Pork to Shade Tree Nursery; 
dead wood trimmed from trees; filling and grad- 
ing work done at two playground sites, one at 
Derby Avenue and one at Boulevard and Con- 
gress Avenue; lowlands at Edgewood Park filled. 
Also, painting and repair work done at the 
Cavalry Armory, Goffe Street Armory, Orange 
Street Armory, municipal farm building, public 
Hbrories, John Street and Oak Street bath houses, 
city hall and city hall annex, hall of records, 
administration and field equipment buildings at 
Municipal Airport, and New Haven Slate Normal 
School; decking at city dock replaced; retaining 
wall constructed at hall of records; old police 
precinct building demolished; improvements made 
to public dumps; bulkhead constructed at Morris 

Cove; repairs made to stoves In houses under the 
Charities Deparlment Board, $1,033,311. 
Orange— Firehouse constructed. $18,997. 
Seymour — Retaining wall built on Farrell 
Street; Bank Street School painted; sidewalks 
constructed; and tree slumps removed. $5,487. 

WolUnglord — Lane's Pond watershed cleared 
and grubbed; concrete curbs and gutters con- 
structed; shores of Pistapaug Pond rlprapped; 
baseball field and tennis courts constructed at 
Harrison Park; Hope Hill and CUnlonville Roods 
widened and drained; road from Gaylords Farm 
to Gedde's Corner graded and widened; sanitary 
sewer installed on Long Hill Road; brick and 
concrete chlorine and pump house constructed for 
purification of main water supply; sanitary sewer 
installed on Long Hill Road; retaining wall con- 
structed at Main Street School; and dead limbs 
trimmed from trees. 

Waterbury — Storm and sanitary sewers and 
water drains constructed; water mains repaired 
and new mains laid; storm sewer constructed on 
site of proposed athletic field on Watertov/n Ave- 
nue; repairs made to various schools including 
Russell, Barnard, Leavenworth, Slocum, Begnal 
and Columbus Schools; windows^ shades and 
roofs repaired at 18 public schools; painting and 
repair work done at various firehouses; fire alarm 
system repaired. 

Also, caretaker's cottage constructed at Fulton 
Pork; west bank of Nougatuck River riprapped; 
doors and windows repaired at municipal garage; 
East Mountain Road graveled, oiled and graded; 
various bridges cleaned and. painted; State 
Armory pointed ond repaired; and bridge across 
Beaver Brook reconstructed. $767,479. 

West Horen — Storm sewers constructed on 
Hillside Avenue, Oak and Marsh Streets, First 
Avenue and Spring Street, and Hemlock Street; 
sanitary sewers constructed on Hemlock, Atwood, 
Church, Chestnut and Bassett Streets, Kelsey and 
Richmond Avenues, Graham Manor and Jones 
Hill Roads, and Pork Terrace; storm sewer gutters 
laid on Elm Street; Main Street repoved; side- 
wolks and curbs constructed; town garage built; 
dead trees cut down and removed; bridge re- 
placed; Thompson Street School and State Armory 
pointed; town monuments costed and installed 
establishing West Haven base line; cdierotions 
mode to town hall. $151,531. 

Woodbridge — Newtown Road widened and 
surfaced. $6,533. 

Woodmont — Sidewalks constructed; various 
streets repaired; trees and brush damaged by 
storm removed and sides of vorious roods filled; 
bulkhead on Beoch Avenue removed; street 
monuments installed; storm sewer constructed on 
Cherry Street ond New Hcrven Avenue; Anderson 
and Beach Avenues planted and landscaped; 
surface water drained ond conditions relieved in 
septic tank in rear of borough office and fire- 
house. $39,571. 

St\ MOV R - hidtwaik on Ftisliing Av 
wide project In many places no sidewalks 
by WPA. 

isliucted a 

part of city- 

WATERBURY -Siiwer line s 

upended /? 

•mor to the 

r ciinstructiiin 

ftii Meriden Road to carry off stn 

rt)i waters, 



CjK -v^ 

•I Truss at Mad River Bridge 
ling pavement and eliminating 

Apr. 1937 


M A WPA Art Class . - 

Art classes for children between the 
ages of seven and fourteen years have 
been conducted under the Federal Arl 
Project for the past year and one-half 
at the Wadsworth Athenaeum in Hart- 
ford. Their chief objectives have been 
to instill in the children an appreciation 
of art. Over 18,000 children have been 
in attendance. 

The director of the classes states thai 
there have been practically no prob- 
lems in discipline because the work is 
voluntary. The results are spontaneous, 
amazingly varied, often delightfully 
humorous, and occasionally of real 

The art mediums used include pencil 
and charcoal sketching, wfatercolors, 
linoleum blocks, and work with tex- 
tiles. At the beginning of the course, 
the director reports, the girls usually 
like to draw profiles with long eye- 
lashes and red lips, while the boys con- 
centrate on aeroplanes. As the children 
progress they begin to enjoy doing 
birds, animals, landscapes and still life. 

One of the outstanding individual 

, compositions has been a still life by 

12-yeaT-old Vernon Coffin. It was 

bought by the Berlin Museum last fall 

as representative of children's art. 

Although these art classes have been 
conducted for several years they could 
not have been continued without the 
aid of federal funds. They ore now be- 
ginning to be recognized as a juvenile 
institution in Hartford. 


"The Connecticut Guide" in "The 
American Guide Series", prepared by 
the Federal Writers' Project, will go to 
press during April and will be pub- 
lished early in July. The publishers 
are Houghton Mifflin Co. of Boston, and 
the book will be on sale at all book- 
stands throughout the country. 

A pre-view of the "Guide", arranged 
in pictorial form, now on exhibit at the 
Old State House in Hartford, includes 
two large strip maps which illustrate 
the manner in which the "Guide" covers 
every town and point of interest in the 

Included in the exhibition material 
are: a map, showing Connecticut 
"firsts", 170 authenticated triple-checked 
items (compiled by original research) 
which show the State leadership in the 
political, industrial, educational and 
social progress of the nation; a legend 
map, accompanied by Connecticut leg- 
ends; a topographic map, showing the 
development of urban Connecticut in 
relation to topographic features; maps 
of recreational areas, state parks and 
hiking trails; and charts and maps de- 
picting the distribution of Connecticut's 
foreign population. 

WPA Calendar 


April 21: Hartford Symphony Orchestra, 
Meriden Town Hall, Meriden. (Tentative 
dale) 8:30 P.M. Popular concert. 

April 22: Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra. 
Central High School, Bridgeport. 8:30 P.M. 

April 25: Hartford Symphony Orchestra, 
Avery Memorial, Hartford. 3 P.M. Admis- 
sion fee. 

April 29: Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra, 
Hamden High School, Hamden. Afternoon. 
Educational. Open to the public. 

May 13: Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra. 
Central High School. Bridgeport. 8:30 P.M. 



WPA Dance Orchestra and News Briefs — 
Division of Information (slate-wide); Station 
WTIC. Hartford, every Saturday. 2.2:30 

Band Concert — Federal Music Project: Sta- 
tion WATR, Waterbury, every Wednesday, 
1-1:30 P.M. 

Symphony Music — Federal Music Project: 
Harlford Orchestra, Station WTIC. Hart- 
ford, every Monday, 2-2:30 P.M.: Bridgeport 
Orchestra, Station WICC, every Wednes- 
day, 2:15 P.M. 

Federal Theatre of the Air — Federal Theatre 
Project; Station WICC. Bridgeport, every 
Monday, 4:30-4:45 P.M.: Station WBRY, 
New Haven, every Wednesday, 4-4:15 P.M.; 
and Station WELl, New Haven, every Sat- 
urday, 1:15-1:30 P.M. Dramatic, variety and 
musical programs. 

Dramatic Skit— Federal Arl Project: Station 
WBRY, New Haven, every Thursday. 4:15 

(Federal Art Project) 
April 1-30: Exhibition of oil paintings in Exhi- 
bition Room at 63 Dwighl Street, New 

April 24.May IS: Index of American Design 
— New England Exhibition at the Yale 
Gallery of Fine Arts. New Haven. 

April 13-24: 'No More Frontier" presented by 
the Federal Theatre Project. Park Theatre. 


« Fifty-six mural paintings hove been 
completed by the Federal Art Project 
for elementary and secondary schools 
in Connecticut since December, 1935. 

• EAST HAMPTON— A new hose 
tov/er, 7x7 feet and 30 feet in height, is 
under construction at the Volunteer Fire 
Department Headquarters. 
ffl Federal Theatre's new play by Talbot 
Jennings, "No More Frontier", is a large 
production using a cast of 24, and re- 
quiring six sets. A distinct departure 
from past premieres, this drama is rec- 
ommended as "an illuminating study 
cf the pioneer spirit which later mani- 
fests itself in a modern world." 

STAMFORD— Five and one-half miles 
of sidewalks on important thorough- 
fares throughout the town ore being re- 
paired under the terms of a project 
which started March 23. 
® Four girls who received good clerical 
training on a WPA project at the Plain- 
field High School left to enter private 
employment. One girl was employed 
at a bank and the others in mill offices. 

e PORTLAND — Collins Hill Road is 
being resurfaced from Wheeler's cor- 
ner to the Ames Hollow Road. 

© Authentic information from official 
sources on prices and quality of goods 
is now being furnished the public 
through bulletins, radio talks and press 
releases prepared by the Consumers' 
Information Service. This WPA project 
was started in January and is conducted 
under the sponsorship of the State De- 
partment of Agriculture. 


Safety of employees at work has been 
a prime object of the WPA. The results 
have been good throughout the country 
but Connecticut's average is much bet- 
ter than that for the United States as a 
whole, according to a report made by 
Connecticut's WPA Safely Consultant, 
E. E. Moore. 

Mr. Moore reports that the average 
number of workers who receive an in- 
jury of minor or major degree each 
month is one in every 42.6, while WPA's 
average throughout the country is ap- 
proximately one injury to every 12.5 
workers. The average of disabling in- 
juries each month in this state where 
the injury prevents the worker from re- 
turning to his usual work the next day 
is one in every 530 workers. 

Although the national crverage for 
fatalities is one in every 6,500,000 man 
hours, Connecticut has had the low 
average of one in every 10,000,000 
man hours. 


Apr. 1937 

r/y^r?T' /'? 


two mild of jarin-lo-market roads are being improved. 

Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra. 

1,1 III, 11:^1, Sih I >y li/ri 



MANSFIELD ~ The old Smedes Bridge has been removed and a nexo 
is being constructed over Mt. Hope River. 

MERIDEN — Pumping station constructed to provide water pressure 
in residential district on east side. 

LITCHFIELD ~ Removing rock jrom gravel bank to he used fm lop ^OhWICH - bcua'^c disposal phnt, shouing sludgt bed at ItU, di^atu 

urjace on 20 imles oj rural roads. lank, control house, and filler beds. 



PROGR n m 





VINCENT J. SULLIVAN, Administrator 





May, 1937 



Volume II 

May, 1937 

Published monthly by the Division of Information, Works Progress 
Administration for Connecticut, 125 Munson Street, New Haven, Conn. 

Number 4 

VINCENT J. SULLIVAN, Administrator 

F. J. MAYO, Director, Division of Operations 
MARY M. HUCHART, Director, Division of Women's and Pn 
fessional Projects 

HENRY J. TIERNEY, Director, Division of Employment 
LEO C. CRIMES, Director, Division of Finance & Statistics 
THEODORE E. BUELL, Director, Division of Information 


The other day the writer was runnmaging through 
the flies of a friendly newspaper editor. Idly perusing 
pictures stored in the library under the title, "Depres- 
sion", we came upon slues of photographs of scenes 
now hardly a memory in our minds. 

Pictures of long breadlines, pictures of apple ven- 
dors braving the wintry winds, views of crowded muni- 
cipal stores with able-bodied men awaiting grocery 
"hand-outs" — all these and more caused the file to 
bulge. But none were of recent date. They had laid 
disrmant in the newspaper's "morgue" since being used 
several years ago.. 

Today people unable to obtain private employment 
present a different picture. Breadlines are a thing of 
the past. The apple vendor has disappeared. Only 
those physically unable to perform duties are obliged 
to patronize the municipal store. 

Today the able-bodied are WORKING. They're 
building sidewalks, paving new streets, repairing dilap- 
idated school buildings, laying sewers — these are the 
principal tasks of the unskilled and skilled craftsmen 
Then the so-called "white collar" people are doing 
equally valuable work. They are aid- 
ing municipalities whose vitally im- 
portant real estate, health and other 
records are woefully out-of-date. 
They are lending their talents to 
libraries in re-cataloguing millions 
of books. They are leaders in organ- 
ized recreation and education 
among Connecticut's unfortunates. 

Oh Ou^ Gooeh. 

Never too old to learn is the motto of 
this 86-year-old student who is one of the 
many beneficiaries of the WPA Education 
Program. She is learning elementary arith- 
metic and English in a WPA literacy class. 

They are assisting Visiting Nurse Association staffs in 
care of the needy ill. 

And so if the newspaper photographer today were 
to follow the daily lives of those once in breadlines, the 
apple vendors and the municipal store patrons, he 
would obtain a vastly different picture-story. He would 
see people at work 120 hours a month, receiving gov- 
ernment checks and spending this money for the ne-' 
cessities of life at their neighborhood stores. 

He would see a new high school at Griswold; an ex- 
pansive recreation center at Rocky Neck Park in East 
Lyme; new sewers which, placed end to end, would 
stretch across the state, 175 miles of new city street^ 
pavements; 741 miles of improved farm-to-market 
roads. He would see seven new municipal swimming 
pools, 10 miles of highway guard rails and several score 
of new playgrounds. 

The photographer could obtain real human interest 
pictures by visiting one of the 31 nursery schools where 
850 undernourished children of pre-school age daily re- 
ceive physical and mental help; or by visiting one of the 
33 community centers and watching adults learning to 
read and write, or to sew or cook, or 
to do carpentry or handicraft work 
— adults up to 86 years of age, as 
shown on the front cover, this issue. 
A picture is worth 10,000 words, 
according to an old Chinese saying. 
We feel that the picture on the 
front cover this month tells the 
story better than any editorial. 

May, 1937 


Recently Resigned 

Robert A. Hurley, who rti: 
leadership to become State Co 
Public Works. 

Work Is Speeding Ahead 

On Hangar-Office Building 

The combined hangar and office build- 
ing which is being constructed at Brainard 
Field, Hartford, as a WPA project, is well 
on its way to completion. The steel fram- 
ing is already erected and the hangar's 
vertical lift door, 100 feet wide, has been 

With complete facilities for the Forty- 
third Division Aviation, Connecticut Na- 
tional Guard, the building will replace six 
individual structures destroyed by floods 
in 1936. 

V. J. Sullivan Assumes 

Conn. WPA Leadership 

During the past month the Works Prog- 
ress Administration for Connecticut lost 
its respected leader, but gained in his 
place a man whose progress has been me- 
teoric due to his exceptional ability. 

Robert A. Hurley, who last August suc- 
ceeded Senator Matthew A. Daly as state 
administrator, resigned on May 5 to ac- 
cept a position as Commissioner of Public 
Works, under Governor Cross. Simultan- 
eously Administrator Harry L. Hopkins an- 
nounced from Washington the appoint- 
ment of Vincent J. Sullivan to succeed 
Mr. Hurley as the head of the WPA in 

Under Mr. Hurley, the federal work- 
relief program in Connecticut has func- 
tioned smoothly, efficiently and to the 
complete satisfaction of Washington offi- 
cials. In fact, in accepting Mr. Hurley's 
resignation, Mr. Hopkins termed him "one 
of the best administrators in the United 

Mr. Sullivan is not a newcomer to WPA. 
In fact, he was one of the first appointees 
when the organization was created in Au- 
gust, 1935. Starting as assistant director 
of the Bridgeport District office, Mr. Sulli- 
van has steadily risen in the ranks. A life- 
long Connecticut resident, the new admin- 
istrator came to the WPA with a dozen 
years' experience in the contracting busi- 
ness, and he takes to the office of admin- 
istrator a vast knowledge of the function- 
ing of this huge program, some of it gained 
in actual field work as a district represen- 
tative, the rest from his most recent posi- 
tion — supervisor of branch offices. 

Newly Appointed 

Vincent J. Sullivan, who succeeds Robert A. 
Hurley as WPA Administrator for Connecticut. 

Many Added To WPA Rolls 

As Result Of State Survey 

WPA rolls in Connecticut were in- 
creased in April by 1,491 men and women 
taken from relief lists as a result of a 
state-wide survey of employable cases in- 
stituted by national WPA authorities. 

Connecticut, along with 16 typical coun- 
ties and towns throughout the nation, was 
selected for an experirnent to determine 
what percentage of those on relief was 
admittedly employable on WPA projects. 

. . Vast Improvements Made At Brainard Field 


ji -^^' 

floods it 

— .4 UH'ii,' uf the landing Held in Hartford, looking suulh from the lop u/ Ihe b^dly damaged slate admimslration building, after the spring 
1936. Right — A view of the same Held taken from atop the new hangar, built by WPA, showing the results accomplished by the relief 


May, 1937 

WPA Opens The Road To Employment 
For Hundreds Of Job-Seekers 

Eagerly grasping at the opportunities of- 
fered through the WPA Education Pro- 
gram, hundreds of out-of-schooi youths 
and adults, for the most part unemployed, 
are improving their chances for employ- 
ment by taking vocational courses and by 
visiting occupational clinics sponsored and 
supervised by local boards of education 
and by the State Board of Education. 

In April over 500 people received oc- 
cupational training in 48 classes operating 
in Fairfield, Farmington, Glastonbury, 
Hartford, New Britain, New Haven, New 
London, Norwalk, Putnam, Shelton and 

Courses are offered in selected occupa- 
tions in which there is opportunity of em- 
ployment and for which qualified instruc- 
tors are available. Subjects include book- 
keeping, '^ typing, stenography, commercial 
art, show card lettering, building construc- 
tion, sheet metal pattern drafting, retail 
selling, gas station attendance, furniture 
upholstery, merchant tailoring, auto me- 
chanics, electrical work, radio, factory 
practice, dress design, and power sewing 
machine operation. 

Of 572 students in specific vocational 
training classes during the past year, 278 
have found jobs as a result of the training 

Rehabilitation plays an important part 
in the training program. One young lady. 

. . . Vocational Guidance Tests . . . 

Lett — Wiggly B/ocft Tat. Center — Performance Test of Manual Dexterity. Right- 
Aptitude Test. 

three years out of commercial high school, 
enrolled for a course in advanced stenog- 
raphy. As a result of failure to locate work, 
her self-confidence had been so impaired 
that she was unable to participate with 
other members of the class in training ac- 
tivities. Individual instruction was given 
combined with personal encouragement. 
Within a few weeks she was able to take 
her place in the class and had increased 
her shorthand speed from 65 to 100 words 
per minute. She has recently taken em- 
ployment with a large concern. 
Further aid to needy people in helping 

. . Vocational Training Classes 

Upper left — Sheet Metal 'Work. Upper right — Auto Repau 
chine Sewing. Lower right — Advanced Typing. 

Instruction. Lower left — Power Ma 

them fit themselves for employment is 
given by the WPA through its occupa- 
tional adjustment program. This service 
offers individuals guidance in finding vo- 
cations for which they are suited. Favor- 
able fields of employment are investigated 
and attempts are made to relate training 
and adjustment of unemployed to favor- 
able occupational outlets. 

Every month approximately 100 persons 
take their occupational problems to the 
adjustment clinics in Hartford and Stam- 
ford, and about 25 per cent receive em- 
ployment through the United States Em- 
ployment Service. Others receive practical 
information of value to them in making 
better future adjustments. 

At the clinics a client has the oppor- 
tunity of discussing with trained psycholo- 
gists his school foundation and his work 
history in relation to possible employment 
or training. He is given tests which reveal 
his special aptitudes and skills. He learns 
of opportunities in various fields of work, 
and is either referred to appropriate places 
for training, or is directed to the U. S, E. S. 
where he may register for work in line 
with his abilities. 

In addition to these clinics, occupational 
information and investigational services 
are maintained in New London, Water- 
bury, New Britain, Putnam, New Haven, 
Hartford, Stamford and Meriden. These 
services include the study of occupational 
and vocational facilities, the study of un- 
employed groups, establishment and op- 
eration of occupational clubs for young 
people, and maintenance of occupational 
information bureaus and centers. 

"Occupational News" bulletins, pub- 
lished in Stamford, Hartford' and New Bri- 
tain, contain information for unemployed 
youths and adults on educational oppor- 
tunities, employment opportunities in var- 
ious fields, new classes planned at voca- 
tional institutes, and openings in the 
U. S. E. S. 

May, 1937 


Cornerstone Is Placed 

At New Police Building 

State and federal officials participated 
In cornerstone- laying ceremonies at the 
site of the new Connecticut State Police 
Headquarters in Hartford, April 22. The 
headquarters building is being constructed 
as a WPA project, other units of the pro- 
ject calling for erection of a new state 
police barracks, now Rearing completion, 
and an addition to the present garage, at 
the same location. 

F. C. Harrington, assistant WPA admin- 
istrator and chief engineer, came from 
Washington for the ceremonies, which 
were conducted under canvas due to in- 
clement weather, and a brief speaking 
program was broadcast by Station WTHT, 
Hartford. State Administrator Robert A 
Hurley introduced Colonel Harrington, and 
his talk was followed by remarks by Gov- 
ernor Cross, State Comptroller C. C. 
Swartz and State Police Commissioner 
Anthony Sunderland. Between talks the 
augmented Hartford WPA Military Band 

While Colonel Harrington was in Hart- 
ford he visited Brainard Field, climbed 
atop the partially constructed state ad- 
ministration building, and surveyed WPA 
work on the landing field. 

Colonel Harrington has for a number of 
years been a summer resident and property 
owner in New London, 

. . . Memorial Statue . . . 

Officials At Ceremonies In Hartford 

About a ton ot clay has already gone 
into the making of the Timothy Ahearn 
memorial statue, nine feet tall, which will 
be placed in a New Haven park sometime 
during the summer months. The WPA 
Federal Art Project is furnishing the 
sculptor, Karl Lang of Noroton, and the 
New Haven Chapter of the Yankee Divi- 
sion Veterans Association, sponsor, is fur- 
nishing materials. 

It is generally recognized in military 
circles that Timothy Ahearn exemplifies 
the ideal soldier from the ranks. 

Left, Colonel F. C. Harrington, assistant national WPA adminisltaluv, broad- 
casts, during exercises at new State Police Headquarters. Right, Governor Cross 
watches State Administrator Hurley place some cement for the cornerstone of the 
new administration building. 

Value Of Town Planning 

Stressed In WPA Exhibit 

In an attempt to meet the demands of 
changing business and social conditions, 
planning surveys of community services are 
being conducted with the aid of WPA 
funds by various Connecticut cities and 
towns. Detailed studies of street layouts, 
zoning, sewer and water mains, fire pro- 
tection, school locations, present land use 
and population have recognized value in 
preventing haphazard community growth 
which often results in mistakes costly to 

Results of these surveys in the form of 
maps and charts prepared on WPA plan- 
ning projects throughout the state have 
been assembled in an interesting display 
which aroused much favorable comment 
when it was shown in Hartford, New Bri- 
tain and New London. The exhibit will be 
in Waterbury for a week starting May 17 
and from there it will go to Meriden, New 
Haven, Norwich and Torrington. 

The material as presented in the ex- 
hibit shows plainly that only through the 
application of scientific thought in govern- 
mental affairs can the public expect im- 
proved living conditions and lower taxes. 
Included in the exhibition is material from 
the following Connecticut planning agen- 
cies: New Britain Study of Public Facil- 
ities, Fairfield County Planning Associa- 
tion,' Norwalk Planning Board, Stratford 
Planning Board, Darien Planning and Zon- 
ing Commissions, Fairfield Town Plan 
Commission, Hartford Metropolitan Dis- 
trict Commission and the State Planning 

The display is doing much to familiarize 
the general public with the importance of 

planning and is creating a more wide- 
spread understanding of the value of fore- 
sight in community development. All plan- 
ning projects have been under the spon- 
sorship of local officials and as a result, 
the individual problems of each community 
have been carefully considered. 

For instance, by comparing maps show- 
ing the location of existing schools with 
similar maps showing the location of pu- 
pils, the sponsors find ,it possible to de- 
termine scientifically, and without regard 
for high pressure groups, proper locations 
for future school sites. Areas in which 
police protection should be extended can 
be determined by a study of maps showing 
built-up sections. Similar procedures may 
be followed in studying other existing or 
possible local conditions. 

Handicraft Project Opens 

Woven and hooked rugs are being made 
by relief workers on the WPA state-wide 
handicraft project which opened the last 
of April. Upon the recommendations of 
welfare departments these rugs will be dis- 
tributed to families on relief and will also 
be available to public institutions. 

Handicraft workers in New Haven are 
also participating in a pattern exchange to 
service sewing projects. 

• Outdoor concerts by WPA symphony 
orchestras in Hartford and Bridgeport will 
be resumed in June. 

• Complete information about New Ha- 
ven's parks, prepared by the Federal 
Writers' Project, was ready May 15 for 
publication in book form by the New Ha- 
ven Park Board, 


May, 1937 

Safety More Than Pays For Itself 

A collection of shattered goggles in the 
possession of the Connecticut WPA Safety 
Division is a mute tribute to the painstak- 
ing attention which is being paid to the 
promotion of safe working conditions on 
all WPA projects. Each pair of these gog- 
gles represents one pair of eyes saved from 
severe injuries. 

WPA workers are provided a good grade 
of goggles when they are working on pro- 
jects requiring any eye protection, such as 
breaking of stone for road construction 
work or demolition of buildings and stone 
walls. Men engaged in other work are 
always warned to keep out of the flying 
chip danger area. 

By these precautions eye injuries are 
practically eliminated. The Connecticut 
WPA has had only 24 eye injuries over a 
19-month period, and only one of these 
was serious, 

Another important safety measure is the 
control of traffic over roads where WPA 

projects are in operation. On every road 
job there are adequate warning signs 
Where the work actually obstructs part 
of the road, flagmen, barricades and signs 
are the means used to protect the workers 
and the general public. In many cases mu- 
nicipalities frequently provide police pro- 
tection for the guidance of traffic on con- 
gested areas or through highways. As a 
result of these precautions there have 
been only three minor injuries of this na- 
ture to workers and pedestrians in Con- 
necticut since WPA's inception. 

Men trained in first aid are employed 
on every project to treat minor injuries. 
In this way workers do not have to leave 
the location which would require more 
time off and slow down production. Dan- 
ger of infection is also prevented by im- 
mediate treatment of the injury. This 
safety observance in Connecticut has re- 
sulted in there being only 15 infections 
to date, none with any serious results. 


Left — Work on a storm luatec 
sewer partially obstructs this high- 
way. To guard against possible in- 
jury to pedestrians, automobilists 
and workers, the WPA Safety Di- 
vision has erected signs and barri- 
cades, while a town policeman di- 
rects traffic. 

Below — Breaking stone is a 
risky job, but no flying chips will 
injure the eyes of this WPA work- 
er who is protected by durable 

r; V 




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'l f 


Left — A first aid man on a 
WPA project treats an injured fin- 
ger. The worker loses little time 
from his job, and danger of infec- 
tion is avoided. 

From September 1, 1935 to March 
31, 1937, there were but 21.4 in- 
juries for every million hours worked 
on Connecticut WPA projects which 
resulted in lost time of one day or 
more. A ratio of 25 is considered good 
by Washington WPA Headquarters. 


May, 1937 


Statistics Tell A Story - ■ - 



WPA Projects 

— March, 
























1 1 ,009 






New Haven 










New London 














201 ,435 


1 7,023 





WPA 1 


(Half month ending March 31, 


Sewing Projects 










Housekeeping Aids 


Statistical Survey . 


Bookbinding & Repair 




Non-Statistical Research 




School Lunch 


All other projects 








All States 

Highways, Roads & Streets 



Public Buildings 


1 1.0 

Recreational Facilities 






Sewer Systems & Other Utilities 



Airports & Other Transportation 



White Collar 



Goods (Sewing Projects) 



Sanitation & Health 
















Highway, Road & Street 


New Construction 


Repairs' & Improvements 


Public Buildings 


New Construction 


Repairs & Improvements 




New Construction 


Repairs & Improvements 


Other Construction Work 


New Construction 


Repairs & Improvements 


All other projects 



1 7,935 





(Cumulative to March 31, 1937) 


Supplies & Materials 


Rent of Equipment 

Other Expenditures 

$24,028,065 34 

1 ,956,828.93 






"^PA Calend 

ar - - - 

• WPAv writers are busily engaged in as- 
similating material for a history of West 
Haven, the first Connecticut town to take 
advantage of the facilities offered by the 
Federal Writers' Project. The project has 
at its disposal extensive information about 
all towns which the writers prepared for 
the Connecticut section of the American 

• In conjunction with anti-war produc- 
tions produced by 26 Federal Theatre units 
throughout the country, Connecticut's 
Federal Theatre Project will present 
"Spread Eagle" at the Park' Theatre in 
Bridgeport for two weeks, starting May 18. 


WPA Dance Orchestra and News Briefs — Division 
of Information (state-wide) ; Station WTIC, 
Hartford, every Saturday. 1:30-2:00 P. M 

Band Concert — Federal Music Proiect: Station 
WATR, Waterbury, every Wednesday. 1-1 :30 PM 

Symphony Music — Federal Music Proiect: Hartford 
Orchestra, Station WTIC, Hartford, every Mon- 
day, 2-2:30 P. M.; Bridgeport Orchestra, Station 
WICC, every Wednesday. 2:15-3 P. M. 

Federal Theatre of the Air — Federal Theatre Pro- 
ject; Station WICC. Bridgeport, every Monday, 
2:15-2:30 P. M ; Station WBRY, New Haven, 
every Wednesday, 2-2 15 P M ; and Station 
WELI, New Haven, every Saturday, 1 :15-1 :30 
P. M. Also, spot broadcasts by the negro unit, 
Stations WTHT, WDRC and WTIC, Hartford. 

(Federal Art Project) 

May 1-31: Black and white show, 63 Dwight 
Street, New Haven Etchings, wood cuts, lino- 
leum blocks and water colors. 

Mlay 1-31: Mi;<ed show of oils, watercolors and 
black and whites. Miss Fuller's Restaurant, Bristol. 

May 1-31: Exhibition of oil paintings. New Bri- 
tain Normal School, New' Britain 

May 3-17: Small exhibition of oil paintings, Wil- 
liam Hall High School, West Hartford. 


June 1 : WPA Little Symphony Orchestra of New 

Haven. Lyman Hall High School, Wallingford 

11:50 A. M. to 12:45 P. M. Educational. Open 

to the public, 
une 2: Hartford Symphony Orchestra, Bushnell 

Park Music Shell, Hartford, 8:30 P. M. 
une 6- Bridgeport Symphonv Orchestra, Seaside 

Park, Bridgeport. 5 P. M. 
une 9: Hartford Symphony Orchestra, Bushnell 

Park Music Shell, Hartford. 8 30 P. M. 
une 13: Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra, Seaside 

Park, Bridgeport. 5 P. M. 
une 16: Hartford Symphony Orchestra, Bushnell 

Park Music Shell, Hartford. 8:30 P. M, 


May 18-29: "Spread Eagle", a melodrama, pre- 
sented by the Federal Theatre Project, Park 
Theatre, Bridgeport. 

Next production: "What Would You Do?", a new 
comedy by Carl Freybe, Westport playwright. 
Date to be announced. 


May 17-22: Exhibition of maps and charts pre- 
pared by WPA Planning Projects, Mattatuck 
Historical Society, Waterbury, 


May, 1937 

BRISTOL — Constructing retaining wall at Pequabuck Rioec for pro- 
tection against high water dawage. 

KILLINGLY — Improving storm water drainage system from the 
Town Farm to Assawaga River. 

NEW HAVEN— Constructtng new reinforced 
West River at Pond Lily Avenue. 



PORTLAND — Laying concrete sidewalks on Mam Street, part of 
city-tvide project. 


GOSHEN — Clearing, draining, widening and graveling 50 miles of 
farm-to-macket roads. 

NEW LONDON — Cutting away gravel bank to enlarge yard space 
at the state pier. 

This book is copied from the original transcript or document 
on file at the Connecticut State Library. 

This book is a preservation photocopy 

made by the Connecticut State Library, Hartford, Conn. 

to replace the deteriorating original volume owned by the library. 

It is made in compliance with copyright law 

and produced on acid-free archival paper 

which meets the requirements of 

ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992 (permanence of paper)